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The Papacy An Overview of Its History and Nature

The Papacy An Overview of Its History and Nature

The Papal Church is a magnificently rich, splendidly housed political and ecclesiastical

power headquartered in Rome. It stands in stark contrast to what started there in the first century with some pastors ministering to small congregations. The differences are graphic. The early home churches under their pastors looked to the authority of the Word as received in the gospel accounts of the life of the Lord and the writings of the Apostles, together with the Old Testament.

These pastors and churches had a true and living faith in God’s grace through the Gospel.

From the letter of Paul to the Romans one sees that the Gospel was faithfully treasured in those early Roman congregations. At the beginning of his letter, the Apostle commends the believers at Rome for their faith, “First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is spoken of throughout the whole world. For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of his Son.…”1 Such approvals are infrequent with the Apostle Paul. The faith of the churches of Rome continued to be well known and faithfully lived for two hundred fifty years more under very adverse situations, including extreme persecutions, the most famous of which took place under Emperor Nero in the 64 A.D.

Totally unimaginable for these early believers in Rome would be the present concept of “the most holy Roman Pontiff.” Unthinkable likewise would be the belief that rituals could confer the grace of the Holy Spirit and that Mary, the mother of the Lord, could be addressed in prayer as “the All Holy One”.2 In the fellowship of believers, a top heavy hierarchical system, from layperson to priest, from to priest to bishop, from bishop to cardinal and cardinal to Pope would have been totally abhorrent, as from the world and not from Christ who said, “One is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren.”3

The spread of the Christian faith during the first three centuries was extensive and rapid.

In the providence of God, the main reasons for this were the fidelity and zeal of the preachers of the Gospel, the heroic deaths of the martyrs, and the translation of the Scriptures into the

languages of the Roman world. Under Emperor Septimius Severus (193-211) Christians suffered appallingly. The most severe persecution was under the Emperor Diocletian and his co-regent, Galerius, during the years 303-311. The historian Philip Schaff states that, “all copies of the Bible were to be burned; all Christians were to be deprived of public office and civil rights; and last, all, without exception, were to sacrifice to the gods upon pain of death.”4 Yet far from exterminating the Christians and the Gospel, the persecution purified those who preached and increased their ability to give the Gospel message.

The persecution of Christians ended in 313 A.D. when the emperors Constantine in the

West and Licinius in the East proclaimed the Edict of Milan. This decree established the policy of religious freedom for both paganism and Christianity. Four vice-prefects governed the Roman Empire under Constantine. Accordingly, under his authority the Christian world was to be go verned from four great cities, Antioch, Alexandria, Jerusalem, and Rome. Over each city there

1 Romans 1:8-9

2 Catechism of the Catholic Church (1994), Para. 2677, “By asking Mary to pray for us, we acknowledge ourselves

to be poor sinners and we address ourselves to the ‘Mother of Mercy,’ the All Holy One.

3 Matthew 23:8.

4 Philip Schaff, History of the Christian Church, Vol. 1, Second Period, p. 34

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was set a Patriarch, who governed all the elders of his domain. (This was later to be a called a

diocese.) The mind of and purpose of Constantine was that the Christian churches were to be

organized in a fashion similar to the government of the Empire.

The respect enjoyed by the various Christian elders was usually in proportion to the status

of the city in which they resided. Since Rome was the most powerful and prestigious city in the world at the time, it stood to unbiblical reason that the most prominent and influential bishop should be the Bishop of Rome. Gradually the honor and respect given to the Bishop of Rome grew, and these bishops in turn desired this adulation from bishops of other cities. The church was in such decline that with the passing of third and fourth centuries the bishops of Rome began to demand recognition for the exalted position they now considered their possession.

Gradual rise of papal Rome

In the fourth and fifth centuries as the true Gospel was watered down, its place was taken by

ritualism and ceremony. The true worship of God and the inner conviction of the Holy Spirit

gave way to formal rites and idolatry. Pagan practices were also introduced, white washed with an external form of Christianity. 5 From the beginning, the Gospel produced an internal unity among the believers, but with the substitution of ritualism for the Gospel came the insistence on an external, visible unity for the church. As the historian D’Aubigne relates,

“Various circumstances early contributed to originate and develop the idea of the necessity of

an external unity. Men accustomed to the ties and political forms of an earthly country transferred some of their views and customs to the spiritual and eternal kingdom of Jesus

Christ….The semblance of an identical and external organization was gradually substituted

for the internal and spiritual unity which forms the essence of genuine religion. The precious

perfume of faith was left out, and then men prostrated themselves before the empty vase

which had contained it. The faith of the heart no longer uniting the members of the Church, another tie was sought, and they were united by means of bishops, archbishops, popes, mitres, ceremonies, and canons. The living Church having gradually retired into the hidden sanctuary of some solitary souls, the external Church was put in its place, and declared to be, with all its forms, of Divine institution….It was maintained that it [salvation] was transmitted

5 The history of the Vaudois, the Albigenses, the Waldenses, the Paulicians, and others shows that it is the Church of Rome that removed herself from the biblical faith. The history of the Papacy is the history of this removal and the profound effects thereof throughout the centuries from its genesis to the present. Nevertheless, the Lord has maintained a true witness to the Gospel throughout the centuries. See particularly George Stanley Faber, The History of the Ancient Vallenses and Albigenses (Fleet Street, London: Seeley & Burnside, 1838) Reprinted by Church History Research & Archives (CHRAA) (P O Box 38, Dayton, OH: 1990); also Peter Allix, The Ecclesiastical History of the Ancient Church of Piedmont and of the Albigenses (Oxford at the Clarendon Press, 1821) Reprinted by CHRAA. 1989; Jean Paul Perrin, History of the Old Waldenses Anterior to the Reformation, 1618 (Reprint by CHRAA, 1991); J. A. Wylie, The History of Protestantism, originally published in 1878 (Kilkeel, N. Ireland: Mourne Missionary Trust, 1985), re -published in four volumes by Hartland Publications, Rapidan, VA, 2002); J. H. Merle D’Aubigne, History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century, A New Translation (New York: John B. Alden, Publisher, 1883); Sir Samuel Morland, The History of the Evangelical Churches of the Valleys of Piemont, 2 vols.(London: 1658) Reprinted by The Baptist Standard Bearer, Inc., #1 Iron Oaks Drive, Paris, AR 72855, ISBN 1-5557978-541-7.

See also Appendix excerpt from E. H Broadbent’s The Pilgrim Church. Yet Vatican Council II Document No. 32 on Ecumenism holds to the old Roman Catholic view that it is the Evangelicals who first separated from Rome—in spite of the persistent clear historical facts to the contrary.

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by means of the forms which had been devised, and that no man could possess it if he did not

receive it though this channel….As soon as the error as to the necessity of a visible unity of

the Church was established, a new error was seen to arise—viz., that of the necessity of an external representative of this unity.”6

The clergy- laity division of the church became the accepted base. This further devolved into a hierarchy of the ruling clergy. By the end of the fifth century, a sacrificing priesthood in which the priest presumed to mediate between God and men had replaced the early ministers of the Gospel who had taught the Scripture. The Church was no more the

fellowship of believers under Christ Jesus, united by the Gospel, true worship, and indwelling of the Holy Spirit, but rather an institution dominated by a hierarchy of bishops and elders.7

Simultaneously, from early to mid- fifth century, the city of Rome was beset first by Alaric

the Goth, who captured it in 410 but did not stay to rule; Attila the Hun, who in 452 was persuaded by Leo, the then Bishop of Rome (440-461), to stop his advance and leave Italy altogether; and finally Genseric, leader of the Vandals, who captured the city, but was persuaded by Leo to spare the lives of Romans.8 Leo’s fame as Rome’s protector grew enormously as a result.

The position of Imperial Roman emperor by now had become clearly vacant. A vacuum

had been established because the Imperial leadership had left Rome and none of the barbaric

leaders had tried to set himself up in that position. Leo, as the Bishop of Rome, saw the opportunity that lay in front of him, “Leo began to feel that the time had come to materialize the claims of Augustine regarding the temporal millennial kingdom of Christ, and with his avowed vested powers of loosing and binding openly to declare his right to the vacant throne as the fitting seat of Christ’s universal kingdom. In this way the Roman church pushed its way into the place of the Western empire, of which it is ‘the actual continuation.’ Thus the empire did not perish; it only changed its form. The pope became Caesar’s successor. This was a long stride forward.”9

Bishop of Rome becomes the Pope

The removal of the seat of the Empire from Rome to Constantinople in 330 A.D. enhanced marvelously the Bishop of Rome’s power. The ecclesiastical contest which had been going on for some time between Antioch, Alexandria, Jerusalem, and Rome as to which was the greatest was now for most part confined to the dioceses of Rome and the new contender, Constantinople.

The barbarian invasions of the Western Roman Empire helped immeasurably to build the

whole structure of papal Rome. The ten barbarian kingdoms that were a serious threat were the Alamanni, Franks, Visigoths, Burgundians, Suevi, Anglo-Saxons, Lombards, Heruli, Vandals, and the Ostrogoths.10 The Emperor of Rome now lived in Constantinople; yet his armies up-

6 J. H. Merle D’Aubigne, History of the Reformation in the Sixteenth Century, A New Translation (New York: John B. Alden, Publisher, 1888) Vol. I, p. 3.

7 J. A. Wylie, The History of Protestantism, originally published in 1878 (Kilkeel, N. Ireland: Mourne Missionary Trust, 1985) Vol. I, Book I, pp. 3-14. See also D’Aubigne, Book I, pp.1-34.

8 LeRoy Edwin Froom, The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers: The Historical Development of Prophetic Interpretation (Washington, DC: Review and Herald Publishing Assn., 1950) Vol. I, p. 498.

9 Ibid.

10 The first seven are now known as Germany, France, Spain, Switzerland, Portugal, England, and Italy respectively.

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rooted and destroyed the Vandals and the Heruli, while simultaneously contending with the Ostrogoths, who continued their siege of Rome.

Clovis, King of the Franks, was the first of the barbarian princes to accept the faith proposed

by the Church of Rome. In fulfillment of a vow that he had made on the battlefield when

he defeated the Allemanni, Clovis was baptized in 496 A. D. in the Cathedral of Rheims. The Bishop of Rome gave him the title of “the eldest son of the Church. In the sixth century, the Burgundians of Southern Gaul, the Visigoths of Spain, the Suevi of Portugal, and the Anglo-Saxons of Britain all followed suit in joining themselves to the religion of the Bishop of Rome.

These barbaric kings and their peoples accepted easily the faith of Rome, which because it lacked the Gospel, was not very different in form and substance from their own pagan worship.

All of these conversions advanced the power of the Roman Bishop. Then, too, these barbaric nations more easily accepted the religion of Rome because this city had traditionally been the seat of authority of the Caesars as masters of the world. The bishops of Rome now played their role as rightful heirs to the Caesars. The city that had been the seat of power for the Empire became the place for the Bishop to exercise his authority. More and more nations accepted his position.

Emperor Justinian I (527-565) was the one, more than anyone else, to establish the supremacy

of the Bishop of Rome. He did it in a formal and legal manner by bringing purely

ecclesiastical edicts and regulations under the control of civil law. Froom summarized,

“[One of Justinian’s] great achievement[s] was the regulation of ecclesiastical and theological matters, crowned by the imperial Decretal Letter seating the bishop of Rome in the church as the ‘Head of all the holy churches,’ thus laying the legal foundation for papal ecclesiastical supremacy.”11

Justinian’s official civil codex of law was to be enforced civilly throughout the Roman Empire, although that did not come about immediately.

“‘Hence, in accordance with the provisions of these Councils, we order that the Most Holy Pope of ancient Rome shall hold the first rank of all the Pontiffs, but the Most Blessed Archbishop of Constantinople, or New Rome, shall occupy the second place after the Holy Apostolic See of ancient Rome, which shall take precedence over all other sees.’…Thus the supremacy of the Pope over all Christians received the fullest sanction that could be given by the secular master of the Roman world.

From this time, then, is to be dated the secular acknowledgment of the Papacy’s claims to ecclesiastical primacy, which became effective generally in 538, by the freeing of Rome from the Ostrogothic siege.” 12

Justinian’s decree did not create the office of the Pope but rather set the legal foundation for advancement in ruling power by the bishops of Rome. The Emperor had his purposes,

“Justinian improved the advantage afforded by his reconquest of Italy to achieve his design of a universal conformity in religious matters that would exclude heresy and schism, as well as strengthen his own authority over the Western kingdoms. His object was to secure a unity of the church which should embrace both East and West. He considered that there was no surer way of reducing them all to one religion than by the advancement of the authority of

11 Froom, Vol. I, p. 507.

12 Novella 131 of Justinian, 9th collection, title 6, chap. 2 (numbered title 14, chap. 2 in Scott’s tr. here quoted) in

Froom, Vol. I, p. 513, including Froom’s comment.

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ecclesiastical Rome, and by acknowledgment of the head of that church as the promoter of unity among them, whose business it should be to overawe the conscience of man with the anathemas of the church, and to enforce the execution of heavy penalties of the law. From about 539, the sovereign pontiff and the patriarchs began to have a corps of officers to enforce their decrees, as civil penalties began to be inflicted by their own tribunals.”13

Thus to allay the demise of the Imperial Empire, ecclestiacal unity was to be imposed by coercion if necessary, not the first time nor yet the last that religion would be used to buttress political positions. As proclaimed head of the Empire’s church, the job fell to the Bishop of Rome.

The title of “Pope” began to fit the one who sat as “Bishop of Rome”, who now was free to use the civil sword of coercion given him by Justinian’s decree. Formerly, ecclesiastical unity came by the moral persuasion of the Gospel and the Scripture alone to save individuals who then would be salt and light to their civil societies. But such unbiblical ideas and methods as the Bishops of Rome had so willingly sought after and received could hardly produce something other than worldly corruption. It is no surprise then that soon the Bishop of Rome desired to reign like a king with worldly pomp and worldly power. The very thing that the Lord had warned against was now transpiring. “And he said unto them, the kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them…but ye shall not be so.…”14

The Empire continued to crumble. The Emperor Phocas reigned in Constantinople from

602 to 610 A.D. Boniface III, who became Pope in 607, had known him previously, for Boniface had been a legate to the Emperor Phocas before becoming pope. Boniface showed great skill in obtaining further official recognition from the Emperor.

“He [Boniface] sought and obtained a decree from Phocas which restated that ‘the See of

Blessed Peter the Apostle should be the head of all the Churches’. This ensured that the title

of ‘Universal Bishop’ belonged exclusively to the Bishop of Rome, and effectively ended the attempt by Cyriacus, Bishop of Constantinople, to establish himself as ‘Universal Bishop’”.


Pope Boniface III shrewdly took hold of two measures to secure papal hegemony in the ecclesiastical domain of the failing empire. First, he made excellent use of the conjecture that Peter was the First Bishop in Rome.16 Second, his acquisition of the title of “Universal Bishop”, granted to him by Emperor Phocas, accorded him dominion and power to reign in ecclesiastical supremacy from the central city of Rome to the utmost reaches of the Empire. This twofold stratagem has continued throughout history.

13 Froom, Vol. I, p. 509. Italic is in the original.

14 Luke 22:25-26

15 5/29/04 “[Emperor] Justinian…The recognition of the Roman see as the highest ecclesiastical authority (compare Novellae, cxxxi.) remained the cornerstone of his policy in relation to the West, although he thus grievously offended those of the East, and though he felt himself entirely free to show a despotic front toward the popes (witness his behavior toward Silverius and Vigilius)” 5/29/04

16 The Scripture is utterly silent about the Apostle Peter going to Rome. The notion remains purely a conjecture.

Nevertheless, according to Froom, “Innocent I (d. 417) had maintained that Christ had (a) delegated supreme power to Peter and (b) made him bishop of Rome, and that as Peter’s successor he was entitled to exercise Peter’s power and prerogatives…” The same was claimed by the legate of Pope Celestine at the Council of Ephesus in 431, which was allowed to stand unchallenged. Vol. I, p. 499

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Fraudulent documents and the rise of the Papacy as a temporal power

It was not until the middle of the eighth century that the outlandish claim was made that the Emperor Constantine had transferred his power, authority, and palace to the Bishop of Rome. The fraudulent “Donation of Constantine” was purported to be the legal document in which the Emperor Constantine bestowed on Sylvester, the Bishop of Rome (314-335), much of his property and invested him with great spiritual power. The enormity and grandeur of the bequest allegedly given by Constantine to Sylvester in the spurious document is seen the following quotation from the manuscript,

“We attribute to the See of Peter all the dignity, all the glory, all the authority of the imperial power. Furthermore, we give to Sylvester and to his successors our palace of the Lateran, which is incontestably the finest palace on the earth; we give him our crown, our miter, our diadem, and all our imperial vestments; we transfer to him the imperial dignity. We bestow on the holy Pontiff in free gift the city of Rome, and all the western cities of Italy. To cede precedence to him, we divest ourselves of our authority over all those provinces, and we withdraw from Rome, transferring the seat of our empire to Byzantium; inasmuch as it is not proper that an earthly emperor should preserve the least authority, where God hath established the head of his religion.”17

The “Donation of Constantine” was most likely forged a little before 754 A.D. Of it, the historian Wylie says, “In it Constantine is made to speak in the Latin of the eighth century, and to address Bishop Sylvester as ‘Prince of the Apostles, Vicar of Christ’. During more than 600 years Rome impressively cited this deed of gift, inserted it in her codes, permitted none to question its genuineness, and burned those who refused to believe in it. The first dawn of light in the sixteenth century sufficed to discover the cheat.”18

It was also in the eighth century that civil power came within the grasp of the Papacy.

The kings of Lombardy, once barbarian and now believers in the Arian heresy, were intent on the conquest of all Italy, threatening even Rome itself. At the same time, the Muslims had overrun Africa, conquered some of Spain, and were also endangering Rome. Pope Stephen II looked to France for help. He called on Pepin the Short. Pepin, the son of Charles Martel (Charles the Hammer) and the father of Charlemagne, was the chief steward of the king’s lands and army.

Pepin had just usurped the throne from Childeric and needed approval for his new position. He therefore crossed the Alps with an army and was able to defeat the Lombards. The conquered towns he conceded to the Pope for his possession. Thus in 755 A.D. Pepin the Short made material the temporal power of the popes, and achieved papal approval for himself. 19

17 Quoted from copy of the document in Pope Leo’s letter in Hardouin’s Collection, Epistola I., Leonis Papoe IX; Acta Conciliorumet Epistoloe Decretales, tom. 6, pp. 934; Parisiis, 1714. The English reader will find a copy of the pretended original document in full in Historical Essay on the Power of the Popes, Vol. II, Appendix, Tr. From French, London, 1838 in Wylie, Vol. I, Book First, Ch. 3, p.11.

18 Wylie, Vol. I, Book First, Ch. 3, p. 11. See also reknown Roman Catholic historian Ignaz Von Döllinger [Janus, pseud.], The Pope and the Council, Auth. Tr. from German, 2nd ed. (London: Rivingtons, 1869) §7 “Forgeries”, pp. 94-142.

19 Wylie points out, “The Pope was nominally subject to the Emperor, but in many vital points, the first was

last…The popes had not yet advanced a direct and formal claim to dispose of crowns and kingdoms, but the germ of such a claim was contained, first, in the acts which they now performed. They had already taken it upon them to sanction the transference of the crown of France from the Merovingian [Childeric] to the Carlovingian [Pepin the Short] family. And on what principle had they done so?…The principle on which he [the Pope] proceeded was

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Charlemagne, Pepin’s son, continued to strengthen the temporal power of the Pope. The

Lombards were again about to besiege Rome. The Pope again looked to France for help and this time to Charlemagne, who answered the call and defeated the Lombards. He confirmed and enlarged cities and lands given by his father, Pepin, to the Church of Rome. Later, on Christmas Eve 800, Charlemagne, as master of nearly all the Romano-Germanic nations, knelt before Pope Leo III. The Pope placed on his head the crown of the Western Empire. This act exhibited the Pope’s growing power. In 538 the Emperor Justinian had given the Bishop of Rome the title of Pontifex Maximus. Two hundred sixty-two years later, it was the Pope who was crowning an emperor.20

The fraudulent “Donation of Constantine”, less than fifty years old, was already proving

to be one of a number of very useful tools.21 Pope Nicholas I in 865 drew from this and other forgeries a way to demand submission from bishops and princes and to amass tremendous riches to the Papacy. The arrogance of the popes grew from this time onward, as did their treasury.

Popes became intoxicated with their own pride, some in their teens and twenties, losing their

senses in nefarious practices. Infamous women of history, Theodora and Marozia, for many

years governed the papal throne. As they desired they installed and deposed their lovers, sons, and grandsons as so-called masters of the Church. That unholy See, which pretended to rise above the majesty of kings and princes, descended into dregs of sin. For two centuries, the papacy was one wild arena of bedlam as the most powerful families of Italy disputed and fought over it like a possession. As Wylie recounts,

plainly this—that in virtue of his spiritual character he was superior to earthly dignities, and had been vested in the power of controlling and disposing of such dignities….It was the usual manner of the Papacy to perform acts which, as they appeared to contain no principles hostile to the rights of society or the prerogatives of princes, were permitted to pass unchallenged at the time; but the Popes took care afterwards to improve them, by founding upon them the most extravagant and ambitious claims….” J. A. Wylie, The Papacy: Its History, Dogmas, Genius, and Prospects,

(Edinburgh: Andrew Elliot, 1888) pp. 59-60.

20 Ibid., Wylie states, “The principle on which the whole system of the popes was founded virtually implied their supremacy over kings as well as over priests. They claimed to be the successors of Peter and the vicars of Christ….If their claim was a just one—if they were indeed the vicars of Christ and the vicegerents of God, as they affirmed—there were plainly no bounds to their authority, either in temporal or spiritual matters….According to their theory, there was strictly but one ruler on earth—the Pope….The pontiffs judged it premature to startle the world as yet by undisguised and open avowal of this claim: they accounted it sufficient, meanwhile, to embody its fundamental principles in the decrees of councils and in the pontifical acts, and allow them to lie dormant there, in hope that a better age would arrive, when it would be possible to avow in plain terms and enforce by direct acts, a claim which they had put forth only inferentially as yet.” Wylie goes on to observe, “Hitherto the pontiff had been raised to his dignity by the suffrages of the bishops, accompanied by the acclamation of the Roman people and the ratification of the emperor. For till the imperial consent had been signified, the newly-elected pontiff could not be legally consecrated….When the Carlovingian line was decimated of strength, the Papacy shrewdly traded off their support to Charles the Bald in return for a grand purse and the surrender of all rights of the Emperor to interfere with the election to the pontifical throne. The trade off was quickly put into force. From mid tenth century on, the pontiffs ascended the pontifical throne without interference.”

21 “In 774, Charlemagne confirmed the donation of his father, Pepin the Short; moreover, to give the papal claim to temporal power greater antiquity, the so-called Donation of Constantine to Pope Sylvester I was forged. On its basis later popes also claimed suzerainty over Naples, Sicily, and Sardinia.” 6/1/04

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“The candidate who was rich enough to offer the largest bribe, or powerful enough to appear with an army at the gates of Rome, was invariably crowned emperor in the Vatican….The popes did not trouble the world with any formal statement of their principles on the head of the supremacy; they were content to embody them in acts. They were wise enough to know that the speediest way of getting the world to acknowledge theoretic truth is to familiarize it with its practical applications—to ask approval of it, not as a theory, but as a fact. Thus the popes, by a bold course of dexterous management, and of audacious but successful aggression, laboured to weave the doctrine of the supremacy into the general policy of Europe.”22

Lusts of the mind followed by murder and torture

The year 1073 was a turning point from the centuries of gross immorality. Rigorous discipline

now became the norm of the Papacy. Reaching above the lusts of the flesh, the lusts of papal

minds continued to clutch at total dominion, both ecclesiastical and civil. By this time, the line of Charlemagne had grown too weak to keep papal ambitions in check, and the Pope Gregory VII (also known as Hildebrand) was ambitious beyond all who had preceded him. He was convinced that the reign of the Pope was in fact the reign of God on earth and determined to subject materially all authority and power, both spiritual and temporal, to the “chair of Peter”. It was Gregory VII who envisioned what was to become the vast structure of the Papacy. His goal was to be the supreme ruler and judge of all leaders both Church and state. Wylie summarizes, “Gregory rekindled, with all the ardour and vehemence characteristic of the man, the war between the throne and the mitre.

The object at which Gregory VII aimed was twofold:

1. To render the election to the pontifical chair independent of the emperors; and,

2. To resume the empire as a fief of the Church, and to establish his dominion over the kings and kingdoms of the earth.

His first step towards the accomplishment of these vast designs was…to enact clerical celibacy. His second was to forbid all ecclesiastics to receive investiture at the hands

of the secular power.”23

Gregory VII advocated the notion that the Pope is Christ’s Vicar. This supremacy, which he claimed by divine right, demanded sure dominion over both emperors and kings.

“The overthrow of the empire contributed most materially towards the elevation of the

Bishop of Rome; for, first, it took the Caesars out of the way…Second, it compelled the

bishops of Rome, now deprived of the imperial influence which had hitherto helped them so mightily in their struggles for pre-eminence, to fall back on another element…which consititutes the very essence of the papacy, and on which is founded the whole complex fabric of the spiritual and temporal domination of the popes…[the idea that] the Bishop of Rome is the successor of Peter, the prince of the Apostles, and in virtue of being so, is Christ’s Vicar on earth.”24

This idea had been circulating for some time. “The primacy had been promulgated by synodical decrees, ratified by imperial edicts; but the pontiffs perceived that what synods and emperors had given, synods and emperors might take away. The enactments of both, therefore, were discarded, and the Divine right was put in their room, as the only basis of power which neither lapse of years nor change of circumstances could overthrow. Rome was henceforward indestructible.”

22 Wylie, The Papacy, p. 63.

23 Wylie, The Papacy, Book I, Chapter IV, p. 74. 6/1/04

24 Ibid., pp. 33-34. Emphasis in the original.

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25 The material supremacy of such a notion was not won in a day. But it was Gregory’s astute

grasp of the notion and his crushing ambition, coupled with the enormous wealth that the

Roman Catholic Church by then possessed, that made its implementation possible. These

shrewd enactments began to bear fruit even in Gregory’s own rule from 1073-1085.

The pontiffs that followed him developed the structures he had established. They continued his projects and strove by deceit, by crusades, and by interdicts26, to place the world under papal political control. For two centuries from the time of Gregory VII’s reign, the papacy increased in power and glory, always at the price of thousands of destroyed lives, many deposed kings and princes, numerous ruined cities, and countless homesteads and farms utterly wasted, all in the name of the religion of Rome.

Popes Innocent III (1198-1216) and Boniface VIII (1294-1303) put the final touches to

papal triumph of spiritual and temporal power. Pope Innocent III proclaimed a crusade against the Albigenses27 and offered to all who would engage in it the pardon of all sins to get to heaven without passing through purgatory. It was a war perpetrated with unimaginable cruelty. Whole villages and towns were indiscriminately butchered; thousands of others were burned alive at the stake, while others were subjected to the most hideous torture. The history of these horrendous deeds of cruelty and murder are established by numerous accounts.28 Pope Boniface VIII “was stubborn, ambitious, intelligent, vain, and unscrupulous. He believed deeply that the pope was

25 Ibid., p. 36. Emphasis in the original.

26 An interdict was a papal decree whereby citizens were released from their oaths of allegiance to their prince or king, who had been placed under interdict. If the people did not obey the decree, all religious services were stopped including infant baptism and services for the dead. Only the Gospel could break such an iron grip on the lives of men.

27 The Albigenses were a group of Christians, influential for their godly lives, who were condemned by the Church of Rome. George Stanley Faber, writing in 1838, provides an example of Papal work, “‘According to the plan adopted by the Inquisitors of Languedoc, it was morally impossible for any of the accused Albigenses to escape [the charge of Manichèism]. By the twenty-second canon of the Council of Narbonne, which sat in the year 1244 for the purpose of aiding and abetting the recently-established Holy Office of Holy Dominic in its project of exterminating the reputed heretics of Southern France, Inquisitors…were forbidden to reveal the names of witnesses; by the twenty-fourth canon, it was enacted that the testimony of infamous persons, of criminals, and of those who confessed themselves to have been accomplices, should be received in the process of the Inquisition against the Albigenses; and by the twenty-sixth canon…it was decreed that he, who shall have been convicted by witnesses, or through any other proofs, shall henceforth be always reputed a heretic, even though he should deny the truth of the allegation. Hist. Gener. De Langued. Par un Benedictin. Livr. Xxv. §81. Vol iii p. 445’ Deeply steeped in infamy as is the Pontifical Church, we can scarcely theorise a lower depth than this glaring and scandalous prostitution of justice. One benefit, however, may be said to result from it…No rational being can, by any conceivable possibility, believe a syllable of the tales of Manicheism related of the Albigenses, when those tales rest upon such a foundation as that which has been laid by the Council of Narbonne.The History of the Ancient Vallenses and Albigenses, pp.

107-108. Emphasis in original.

28 Jean Paul Perrin [a Waldensian pastor], History of the Ancient Christians (1618); Sir Samuel Morland, The History of the Evangelical Churches of the Valleys of Piemont, (1658); J. A. Wylie, The History of Protestantism (1878); D’Aubigne, History of the Great Reformation (New York: Robt. Carter, 1842); Edward B. Elliot, Horæ Apocalypticæ (London, 1860); Foxe’s Book Of Martyrs (Philadelphia: John C. Winston Company, 1926); John

Knox, The History of the Reformation of Religion within the Realm of Scotland, orig. written between 1559 and 1571 (Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 1898, 1982); Baron Thomas Babington Macaulay, The History of England from the Ascension of James II (New York: Harper & Bros., 1861); and elsewhere.

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literally the Vicar of Christ on Earth and that he held extraordinary powers. Anyone who opposed him opposed God and therefore must certainly be wicked.”29 He is most famous for a statement in his papal bull Unum Sanctum, “We declare, say, define, and proclaim to every human creature that they by necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff.”30

Seventy-five popes, one after another, from Pope Innocent III to Pope Pius VII, approved of torture, murder, and burning at the stake, and the confiscation of the property of believers in the horrific centuries of the Inquisition. Many of those slain were true Bible believers.

More than 600 years of Papal Inquisition

The Inquisition is a term that historically applies specifically to the time when the Popes of Rome took the initiative in attempting to stamp out by torture, imprisonment, and death what they called “heresy”. Before the popes began to decree such torture and death, a type of persecution involving incarceration and confiscation of property was practiced at the parish level and at the diocesan level in the Roman Catholic Church.

The prophecies of Scripture had predicted what indeed happened, “and it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them.”31 This text is fulfilled in the wars against the Waldenses, the Albigenses, and the other followers of the Lord at the time of the Papal persecutions.

This prophecy is the same as what is found the book of Daniel, “the same horn [that]

made war with the saints, and prevailed against them.”32

During the Inquisition, “the most ghastly abomination of all was the system of torture.

The accounts of its cold-blooded operations make one shudder at the capacity of human beings for cruelty. And it was decreed and regulated by the popes who claim to represent Christ on earth. In 1252 Pope Innocent IV solemnly authorized it. Confirmatory or regulatory decrees about it were issued by Alexander IV, Clement IV, Urban IV and Clement V.”33 The Papacy had become “drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus.”34

No other kingdom or power has ever drunk so deeply of this blood as has Papal Rome. The facts are undeniable.

“From the birth of Popery in 600, to the present time, it is estimated by careful and credible historians, that more than FIFTY MILLION of the human family, have been slaughtered for the crime of heresy by popish persecutors, an average of more than forty thousand religious murders for every year of the existence of Popery.” 35 The torture chambers of Inquisition, which lasted more than 600 years36, were all across the nations controlled by Rome.

29 8/29/03

30 Henry Denzinger, The Sources of Catholic Dogma, Tr. by Roy Deferrari from the Thirtieth Edition of Enchiridion Symbolorum, Revised by Karl Rahner, S. J. (St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co., 1957), #469.

31 Revelation 13:7

32 Daniel 7:21

33 William Shaw Kerr, A Handbook on the Papacy (London: Marshall, Morgan & Scott Ltd., 1950) p. 239.

34 Revelation 17:6

35 “No computation can reach the numbers who have been put to death, in different ways, on account of their maintaining the profession of the Gospel, and opposing the corruption of the Church of Rome. A MILLION of poor Waldenses perished in France; NINE HUNDRED THOUSAND orthodox Christians were slain in less than thirty years after the institution of the order of the Jesuits. The Duke of Alva boasted of having put to death in the Netherlands, THIRTY-SIX THOUSAND by the hand of the common executioner during the space of a few years. The Inquisition destroyed, by various tortures, ONE HUNDRED AND FIFT Y THOUSAND within thirty years. These are a few specimens,

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The instruments of torture were horrendous. If you are sensitive you ought to pray for courage to read on these in the account by Wylie:

“We pass on into the chamber, where more dreadful sights meet our gaze. It is hung round

and round with instruments of torture, so numerous that it would take a long while even to

name them, and so diverse that it would take a much longer time to describe them. We must

take them in groups, for it were hopeless to think of going over them one by one, and particularizing the mode in which each operated, and the ingenuity and art with which all of them have been adapted to their horrible end. There were instruments for compressing the fingers till the bones should be squeezed to splinters. There were instruments for probing below the finger- nails till an exquisite pain, like a burning fire, would run along the nerves.

There were instruments for tearing out the tongue, for scooping out the eyes, for grubbing-up the ears.

There were bunches if iron cords, with a spiked circle at the end of every whip, for tearing the

flesh from the back till bone and sinew were laid bare. There were iron cases for the legs,

which were tightened upon the limb placed in them by means of a screw, till flesh and bone

were reduced to a jelly. There were cradles set full of sharp spikes, in which victims were

laid and rolled from side to side, the wretched occupant being pierced at each movement of

the machine with innumerable sharp points. There were iron ladles with long handles, for

holding molten lead or boiling pitch, to be poured down the throat of the victim, and convert

his body into a burning cauldron. There were frames with holes to admit the hands and feet,

so contrived that the person put into them had his body bent into unnatural and painful positions, and the agony grew greater and greater by moments, and yet the man did not die.

There were chestfuls of small but most ingeniously constructed instruments for pinching, probing, or tearing the more sensitive parts of the body, and continuing the pain up to the very verge where reason or life gives way. On the floor and walls of the apartment were the larger instruments for the same fearful end—lacerating, mangling, and agonizing living men; but these we shall meet in other dungeons we are yet to visit.”37

Indictment on the Inquisition

The best summary statement on the papacy’s Inquisition is that of the renowned Catholic historian Lord Acton. He declares,

“The Inquisition is peculiarly the weapon and peculiarly the work of the Popes. It stands out from all those things in which they co-operated, followed or assented as the distinctive feature of papal Rome. It was set up, renewed and perfected by a long series of acts emanating from the supreme authority in the Church. No other institution, no doctrine, no ceremony is so distinctly the individual creation of the Papacy, except the dispensing power. It is the principal thing with which the Papacy is identified, and by which it must be judged. The principle of the Inquisition is the Pope’s sovereign power over life and death.

Whosoever disobeys him should be tried and tortured and burnt. If that cannot be done, formalities may be dispensed with, and the culprit may be killed like an outlaw.

and but a few, of those which history has recorded; but the total amount will never be known till the earth shall disclose her blood, and no more cover her slain.” (Scott’s Church History) Quoted in John Dowling, The History of Romanism (Classic Reprints No. 57, Pensacola, FL: Vance Publications, 2002; originally publ. 1845) Book 8 Ch. 1, p. 542.

36 From its inception under Pope Innocent III in 1203 A.D., until its final dissolution in Spain and Portugal in 1808, is 605 years.

37 Wylie, The History of Protestantism, Book 15, Chapter 11.

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That is to say, the principle of the Inquisition is murderous, and a man’s opinion of the Papacy is regulated and determined by his opinion of religious assassination.’”38

The Papacy inflicted excruciating torture and cruel death on true believers. It was like the sufferings recorded in the Old Testament, “others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment: They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented; of whom the world was not worthy.”39

Arthur Pink comments, “Papists have exceeded pagans herein: witness their cruel massacres in France and other places: well may the Holy Spirit represent the whore Babylon as being ‘drunk with the blood of the saints’ (Revelation 17:6)…“Of whom the world was not worthy”…the most merciless, conscienceless, cruel, and inveterate persecutors of God’s elect have been religious people!” 40

Characteristics of the Reformation and the Papacy compared

The Reformation period was full with historical figures and an enormous amount of theological debate. However in the midst of all the doctrinal issues and events there were five biblical principles accepted among the Reformers. In all matters of faith and morals, the final authority is the Bible alone. Before the all- holy God, an individual is saved by grace alone through faith alone, in Christ alone. Following on this, all glory and praise is to God alone.

For an overview of the distinctiveness of Reformation history, we have obtained an extended


“The Protestant Reformation possessed definite characteristics, many of which set it apart

from any other revolution in history. One of the distinguishing features was its territorial

scope. It began simultaneously and independently in various European countries. About the

time that Martin Luther posted his ninety-five theses on the church door in Wittenberg in

1517, John Colet, dean of St. Paul’s in England, was denouncing the abuses of the Catholic Church and upholding the supremacy of the Bible as the rule of faith.

Lefevre in France and Zwingli in Switzerland were at the same time preaching against the evils of the church and pointing to Christ as the door of salvation. Although Luther is called the originator of the Reformation, the other Reformers discovered and preached the same message that he did, without having received knowledge of it from him.

“There was a power, however, that brought the Reformation into existence and made its progress possible—and that was the Holy Scriptures. The Greek New Testament prepared by Erasmus was a help to scholars all over Europe in learning the way of truth and life. After

the Reformation once got under way, there existed a great friendship and fraternization

among the Reformers. There was frequent interchange of ideas, and hospitality was freely

extended. One of the surprising features of the Reformation was this extent of contact and

cooperation among the Reformers as they encouraged each other in their efforts. The Re formation spread with great rapidity. Of course, consolidations, refinements, and extensions

needed to be made; but that so tremendous a revolution, on such a vast scale, could be exe-

38 “Letters to Mary Gladstone” by Lord Acton, in Kerr, p. 235.

39 Hebrews 11:36-38

40 Arthur Pink, Exposition of Hebrews, (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House, 1954) commentary on Hebrews

11:37, 38, pp. 881-882.

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cuted in so short a time, bringing with it a complete change in thought and habit, still remains

one of the amazing events of history.

“The Protestant Reformation actually began in Europe’s citadels of learning, her universities.

There were scholars, such as Luther and Melanchthon at Wittenberg; Erasmus, Colet…at Oxford;

Bilney, Latimer, and Cartwright at Cambridge; and Lefevre and Farel at Paris. Almost

without exception the leaders of the Reformation were highly trained men of that generation.

In some instances, as Beza and Tyndale, they ranked high as men of letters. Others, like

Cranmer and Valdes carried responsibilities at court…

“Why was this so necessary at that time, when in other ages men of lesser abilities and education have been used effectively to preach the gospel with power? At least two answers can be given: Only the educated knew the Hebrew, Latin, and Greek necessary to read the Bible as it then existed. Then, too, it was essential that the Bible be translated into the vernacular of each country so that the common people could have the privilege of reading the Scriptures in their own tongue. This task demanded scholarship.

“All the preaching of many Luthers, Latimers, Zwinglis, Knoxes, and Wisharts would have

failed to accomplish the Reformation if, at the same time, the Bible in the vernacular had not

been provided for the common people. If at the moment Latimer was preaching at Cambridge

it had not happened that Tyndale, who had fled to the Continent, was smuggling back

thousands of copies of the English New Testament so that every Englishman could read the

way of salvation for himself, there would have been no Reformation in England. A similar

situation occurred in Germany, France, and other countries.

“With these two phases must be combined the indispensable third—the invention of printing,

which had made possible the publication of the translations of the Bible and had brought

the price within range of the common man’s purse. Within a ten-year period many of the nations of Europe had received translations of the Bible in their own tongue. Luther had translated it for Germany in 1522, Lefevre for France in 1523, Tyndale for England in 1525,

Bruccioli for Italy in 1532. Within the next ten years Francisco Enzinas had translated the

Bible into Spanish, and Petri had translated it into Swedish. Shortly after, Karoli, one of the

most energetic of Magyar preachers, had done the same in the Magyar tongue. Another

noteworthy characteristic of the Reformers was the basic agreement on important doctrines.

The tenet upon which all Reformers agreed was justification by faith. They believed that

salvation is not obtained by works, fasting, money, or penance, but that it is God’s free gift.

This doctrine formed the cornerstone of the Reformation. Agreement also existed on the supreme and sufficient authority of the Scriptures, Communion in both kinds, and the disavowal of saint worship, images, relics, purgatory, mass, celibacy, and the pope as head of the church….

“The Reformation proper, the break with Roman Catholic authority, was accomplished in a relatively short time; but not all the papal teachings were abruptly terminated….The Reformation was a continuous, all-enveloping movement of action and reaction, accruing more glory by the addition of more light. It was a glorious spiritual awakening…”41

41 Gideon & Hilda Hagstotz, Heroes of the Reformation (Rapidan, VA: Hartland Publications, 1951) pp. 12-16, by permission

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The Papacy and modern times

What had looked like a mortal wound to Papal power took place in 1798.42 A general of Napoleon’s army entered the Vatican, removing Pope Pius VI from his throne. With that, the Papacy lost its basis as a civil power. From the year 1846 Pope Pius IX, not having territorial or civil power, sought to re-establish the papacy to its former power and glory. An important part of his strategy was achieved by the declaration of papal infallibility. With remarkable ingenuity against not only the absurdity of the notion, but also in spite of the historical fact of heretical popes, papal infallibility was made a binding dogma of belief at Vatican Council I in 1870.43

Further, the Papacy re-established itself internally by re-organizing Roman Catholic law into the 1917 Code of Canon Law.44

In 1929 when Mussolini signed the Lateran Treaty with Pope Pius X1 officially conceding Vaticanus Mons (Vatican Hill) to the Pope, the wound that had been inflicted was healed; the Papacy once again became a sovereign civil state. The legal agreement with Mussolini was just the beginning of many civil concordats, one of the most infamous being that between Pope Pius XII and Adolf Hitler.45

The Papacy had again consolidated its power from within by the 1917 Code of Canon Law and from without by legal concordats with the various nations. Thus the Vatican, with its own citizens as part of a “fifth column” within sovereign nations across the world and with her civil agreements with the same nations, has a double cord of power. The individual Catholic, fearing for his salvation, and laden with his first allegiance being to “holy Mother Church”, is a pliable pawn in the hand of the Papacy.

42 “Edward King, insightful in 1800 wrote about this defeat as the mortal wound or end of Pontifical Power, “THIS IS THE YEAR 1798.—And just 1260 years ago, in the very beginning of the year 538, Belisarius put an end to the Empire, and Dominion of the Goths, at Rome…He had entered the City on the 10th of the preceding December, in triumph, in the name of Justinian, Emperor of the East: and had soon after made it tributary to him: leaving thenceforward from A.D. 538 NO POWER in Rome, that could be said to rule over the earth, excepting the ECCLESIASTICAL PONTIFICAL POWER.” “Remarks on the Signs of the Times” (Philadelphia ed., 1800) pp. 18-19 in Froom, Vol. II, p. 767.

43 For Catholic sources, see Catholic historians August Hasler, How the Pope Became Infallible: Pius IX and the

Politics of Persuasion, originally published in German under the title Wie Der Papst Unferhlbar Wurde,1979; English translation by Peter Heinegg (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1981) and Ignatius von Döllinger, The Pope and the Council (London: Rivingtons, 1869). A fascinating account of the arguments facing the Papacy at this point, including an extended history on the rise of the Papacy, is laid out by von Döllinger.

44 Roman Catholic writer John Cornwell states, “At the turn of the century [1900], Pacelli [later Pope Pius

XII]…collaborated in redrafting the Church’s laws in such a way as to grant future popes unchallenged domination from the Roman center. These laws, separated from their ancient historical and social background, were packaged in a manual known as the Code of Canon Law, published and brought into force in 1917. The code, distributed to Catholic clergy throughout the world, created the means of establishing, imposing, and sustaining a remarkable new ‘top-down’ power relationship. As papal nuncio in Munich and Berlin during the 1920s, Pacelli sought to impose the new code, state by state, on Germany.…” Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII (New York, 10014: Viking, 1999) p. 6-7.

45 Ibid., Cornwell also states, “In 1933 Pacelli found a successful negotiating partner for his Reich Concordat in the person of Adolf Hitler. Their treaty authorized the papacy to impose the new Church law on German Catholics and granted generous privileges to Catholic schools and the clergy. In exchange, the Catholic Church in Germany, its parliamentary political party, and its many hundreds of associations and newspapers ‘voluntarily’ withdrew, following Pacelli’s initiative, from social and political action. The abdication of German political Catholicism in 1933, negotiated and imposed from the Vatican by Pacelli with the agreement of Pope Pius XI, ensured that Nazism could rise unopposed by the most powerful Catholic community in the world…” p. 7

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Modern cruelty through wars and intrigue

A partial list of Roman Catholic dictators with whom the Vatican had alliance in twentieth century is the following.

Benito Mussolini in Italy, from 1922 to 1943;

Adolf Hitler in Germany, 1933 to 1945;

Francisco Franco in Spain, 1936 to 1975;

Antonio Salazar in Portugal, 1932 to 1968;

Engelbert Dollfuss and Kurt von Schuschnigg in Austria, 1932 to 1934;

Juan Peron in Argentina, 1946 to 1955.

Possibly the most brutal and bloodthirsty of all was Ante Pavelic in Croatia, 1941 to 1945.

The Papacy and Hitler’s Germany

Adolf Hitler was baptized into the Catholic Church as an infant in Austria. He was both a communicant and an altar boy. To the day of his suicide, he remained a Catholic. His dealings with the Catholic Church show how far the Vatican will go with the powerful dictators. The alliance worked both ways. It established Catholicism more deeply in Germany while promoting the objectives of Nazi movement. Of it, John Robbins writes,

“The fountainhead and stronghold of the Nazi movement in Germany was Bavaria in south

Germany, Roman Catholic Germany, not Protestant north Germany. German Roman Catholics joined the Nazi Party en masse and enthusiastically supported the Hitler regime.

Over half of Hitler’s troops were Roman Catholic. At the height of his power in 1942, Hitler ruled over the largest Roman Catholic population in the world. They were accustomed to authoritarian government in their religious lives, which made them unquestioning and enthusiastic supporters of authoritarian civil governments as well. Of course, Roman Catholic laymen were simply following the example and the instructions of their religious leaders. Pius XI was the first head of state to recognize Hitler’s government in 1933. Pius XI praised Hitler in public, even before he extended official recognition to the Hitler regime. In 1933, Pius XI told Hitler’s Vice Chancellor Fritz von Papen, also a Roman Catholic, ‘how pleased he was that the German Government now had at its head a man uncompromisingly opposed to Communism….’

Not only did Pius XI’s 1931 encyclical Quadragesimo Anno influence Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal, it apparently persuaded German Chancellor Franz von Papen to bring Hitler to power in Germany.”46

Regarding its involvement with Nazi Germany and other nations, the Vatican has repeatedly

refused to open up its archives to scholars. Nevertheless, evidence outside the Vatican’s

archives shows that the Papacy encouraged, supported, and collaborated with both the Mussolini and Hitler regimes, and set up its own totalitarian state in Croatia during the Second World War.

The Vatican’s legal agreement with the Nazism of Germany and the Fascism of Italy, Spain, Portugal, Croatia, and Latin America are the consequences of the Papacy’s economic and social teachings, and legal agreements between the Vatican and these nations.47 The Crusades and the 605 years of the Inquisition have stopped, but the power of the Papacy to influence and to control governments, social, economic, political life and the destinies of peoples, has continued.

46 John W. Robbins, Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic

Church (Unicoi, TN 37692-0068: The Trinity Foundation,1999; ISBN: 0-940931-52-4) Ch. 16, pp. 163-4. For a

similar estimation, see Roman Catholic historian August Bernard Hasler’s How the Pope Became Infallible: Pius IX and the Politics of Persausion, pp. 255-261.

47 For fuller documentation, see Robbins.

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Power through concordats, laws, universities, welfare services and a Council

Jean-Guy Vaillancourt, associate professor of sociology at the University of Montreal, has written a book entitled Papal Power: A Study of Vatican Control over Lay Catholic Elites. After a perfunctory passing remark that the Inquisition’s burning of heretics and the crusaders’ holy wars were “but two more of the extreme forms of hierocratic coercion during the late feudal period”

48, Vaillancourt makes some salient observations,

“[After 1789 when the Roman Catholic Church was] no longer able to use the repressive power of the state, Church authorities became more and more interested in using the legal and ideological power of the state through the laws enshrined in the concordats, through education of youth in schools and universities and through welfare services such as hospitals and charity

organizations. In fact, the [Catholic] Church increasingly became an

ideological apparatus which fulfilled for the state and for the ruling class the functions necessary for their own growth and reproduction….

Inside the Church, the bishops and priests became functionaries of the central organization, with little individual freedom of their own. An awakening laity was itself turned into a pawn in the papacy’s frantic efforts to retain its position of absolute power in Europe and especially in Italy….The question of control of the laity became a key issue, because any initiative of the faithful at the grass-roots level which was not tightly controlled was seen by many Church officials as leading to the ideological and organizational breaking up of the Church.”49

While the Papacy no longer has the military might by which to enforce its will, it has in no way renounced its sovereign control over men’s minds and bodies, as Catholic law shows. Of necessity then, to reintroduce coercion of any consequence, there must first be enacted absolute law within the Catholic system. Second, it is necessary to ensnare the civil authorities in such a way that they are again subservient to Catholic purposes.50

The Catholic Church made this major change of tactic visible in its Vatican Council II

(1962-1965). That Council moved from a position of separation from other religions to their new program of false ecumenism, not only with the religions of the world, but more importantly with Bible believers in particular.51 “Separated brethren” was the term coined for those who were always before considered heretics (and who in spite of the ne w terminology still remain on the books as heretics), while the pagan religions of Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism now became to the Papacy accepted ways to God.52

48 Jean-Guy Vaillancourt, Papal Power: A Study of Vatican Control over Lay Catholic Elites (Berkeley and Los

Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 1980) p. 270.

49 Ibid., pp. 271-273. See also John Cornwell’s Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII, in which he speaks of the internal re-organization of Roman Catholic laws during the nineteenth century, culminating in the Code of

Canon Law in 1917, and the consequences thereof.

50 On September 12, 2005 brought to light some of the tactics mentioned by Vaillaincourt in its article,

“Ontario Rejects Use of Islamic Law”. “Ontario, the most populous province in Canada, has allowed Catholic

and Jewish faith-based tribunals to settle family law matters on a voluntary basis since 1991. The practice got little attention until Muslim leaders demanded the same rights. Officials had to decide whether to exclude one religion, or whether to scrap the religious family courts altogether. McGuinty said such courts ‘threaten our common ground,’ and promised his Liberal government would introduce legistalion as soon as bossible to outlaw them in Ontario.

‘Ontarians will always have the right to seek advice from anyone in matters of family law, including religious advice,’ he said, ‘But no longer will religious arbitration be deciding matters of family law.’” The Catholic Church’s foothold into Canadian civil law has suffered a set-back for the moment by this decision of Premier McGuinty.

51 Flannery, Vatican Council II Document No. 32, Unitatis Redintegratio (Decree on Ecumenism), 21 November

1964, Vol I., § 21, p. 468.

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This new approach was established by the Roman Church to win the world to herself by many avenues, one main way being dialogue, the rules and goal of which she has carefully spelled out in her post-Conciliar Document No. 42 on ecumenism, which states that, “dialogue is not an end in itself…it is not just an academic discussion.”53

Rather, “ecumenical dialogue…serves to transform modes of thought and behavior and the daily life of those [non-Catholic] communities. In this way, it aims at preparing the way for their unity of faith in the bosom of a Church one and visible.”54

Pope John Paul II consolidated the dictatorial powers afforded him by the 1917 Code of

Canon Law and by purported infallibility bequeathed him by Vatican Council I. This he did by revising the 1917 Code, making it even more conservative than it had been. He had also been careful to appoint new cardinals and bishops in line with his centralized way of thinking.

Like another Pope Gregory VII, John Paul II was determined to build, with both Church and civil law, the structure by which the Papacy will again wield supreme might and power among the nations. The same Pope John Paul II was adamant in his efforts to update the laws of the Roman Catholic Church. Since the days of Gregory VII, the Papacy has seen the necessity of making iron and inflexible church laws before attempting to control both her subjects and those not Catholic by compulsion and coercion, if necessary. In 1983, John Paul II’s revision of the 1917 Code of Canon Law added greater severity to the Roman Catholic laws. For example, it was decreed the following, “The Church has an innate and proper right to coerce offending members of the Christian faithful by means of penal sanctions.” If one rejects submission of his intellect and will to the Pope’s doctrine, there are also new decreed penalties. These are spelled out Canon 1371, Para. 1. “The following are to be punished with a just penalty: 1. a. person

who…teaches a doctrine condemned by the Roman Pontiff…”55

Canon 1312 outlines specified penalties that are to be imposed, Para. 2. “The law can establish other expiatory penalties which deprive a believer of some spiritual or temporal good and are consistent with the supernatural end of the Church.” The perverse vindictiveness of these laws contravenes the repeated scriptural commands that the leaders of the body of Christ are not to be despotic, as the rulers of this world are. Nonetheless even today—as it has been for the last 1,400 years—Catholic law, decrees and coercion supersede grace and the Gospel.

The outcome and the lesson

From its formal inception through the decrees of the Emperor Justinian I in the sixth century, the Papacy has grown enormously, nation by nation, in wealth and political influence by means of laws, intrigue, deception, and sacraments. The Papacy has always tried to cover itself with a veneer of Christianity, yet this pagan ritual religion has ever repressed and persecuted true godliness and true believers. The history of the Papacy shows unequivocally that it is a power struc-

52 Flannery, Vatican Council II Document No. 56, Nostra Aetate, 28 October 1965, Vol. I, p. 739. Through papal

acceptance of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam, the influence of these pagan religions is being moved more effectively

into the Western world via the respectability of Catholicism. Under the term New Age Movement, these old

pagan religions have a home both outside of and now within the Roman Catholic Church.

53 Flannery, Post Vatican Council II Document No. 42, “Reflections and Suggestions Concerning Ecumenical Dialogue”,

S.P.U.C., 15 August 1975, Vol. I, p. 549.

54 Ibid., p. 541.

55 Emphasis added by this author.

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ture built on usurped authority both spiritual and temporal, forgeries, craft, persecution, a false gospel, church law, civil power, and concordats.

Nonetheless, the Papacy for most of its history has succeeded in deluding millions. Present day Catholicism continues to insist that the Papacy represents God. The world, for the most part, while not necessarily believing this claim, certainly gives recognition to her shrine and to her Pontiff—for the Papacy is still a powerful force with which they must reckon.

Jesus Christ deposed the overbearing hierarchy of the Pharisees, and gave to His disciples an immediate relationship with the divine fountain of life. In the words Scripture believers are the “elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ56, “are sanctified in Christ Jesus57 and are the “assembly and church of the first-born, which are written in heaven.58

The Vatican, however, presents the Church as a vast hierarchical empire. It consists of the pope, cardinals, patriarchs, major archbishops, archbishops, metropolitans, coadjutor archbishops, diocesan bishops, coadjutor bishops, episcopal vicar, eparchs (bishops of the Eastern Churches), apostolic vicars, apostolic prefects, apostolic administrators and vicars general.59

The early bishops of Rome were subject to the Roman Emperors, and later to French and German emperors. The taste of power, however, brought with it addictiveness, and in time, she was able to recognize no authority other than her own. She still looks upon herself as Master of all, and boldly proclaims, “The First See is judged by no one.”60 Christ Jesus did not sanction any such absolute supremacy outside of Himself.

What has been so tragic in the history of the Papacy and still remains today is that this

massive power system has substituted for the Gospel. Through this enormous structure men have imposed as divine their own decrees on the consciences of other men. In place of direct contact with the source of life in Christ Jesus, the hierarchical structure substitutes a sacramental system over which it has absolute control. The voice of the Church of Rome is said to be the voice of God Himself and as such, it holds influence and mastery over mind, will and soul—by tradition and by coercion, when necessary and possible.

The revealed Gospel teaches that salvation comes from God alone; that it is a gift from

heaven; from the one and only Sovereign Ruler. “And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.”61 Christ Jesus the Son is life; eternal life is of His own essence. He is eternal life to the true believer, to whom He gives life. Eternal life and salvation are in Him alone and not in any system. The difference between the clarity of the Gospel and the Roman hierarchical structure is that of light and darkness. The key question before you now is this: where do you personally stand? Can you for your own part declare with the Apostle, “I know whom I have believed, and am persuaded that He is able to keep that which I have commit- ted unto Him against that day.”62

56 I Peter 1:2

57 I Corinthians 1:2

58 Hebrews 12:23

59 For more details, see Our Sunday Visitor’s Catholic Almanac 2003, “Hierarchy of the Catholic Church” (Huntington,

IN: Our Sunday Visitor, Inc) pp. 279-302.

60 Code of Canon Law, Latin-English edition, New English Translation (Canon Law Society of America, 1983,

1999) Canon 1404

61 I John 5:11

5 5

Those who trust on Christ Jesus know in whom they trust.

The salvation of their souls is entrusted to Him and to Him alone. An active obedient faith in Jesus Christ is the only surety that will keep a person all days of this life until that day of final reckoning.And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled in the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblamable and unreprovable in his sight: if ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the Gospel, which ye have heard…63

The lesson from history that one learns concerns the very nature of the Papacy and its

modus operandi. The mystery of iniquity spoken of in Scripture is not the evil lives of atheists, prostitutes, drunkards and the like, but rather the evil of false religion. 64 The Scripture reveals both a “mystery of godliness”65 and a “mystery of iniquity.”66 The parallels between the two are both informative and frightening.

Just as the Lord God sends His angels to seal His servants in their foreheads,67 so also there is another who by his agents sets a mark in the foreheads of his devotees.68

Christ Jesus performed miracles, so there is another who performs false signs.69 The

Savior is seated upon a throne in majesty, yet there is also a seat for one in opposition to Him.70

Christ Jesus has His people, His Church; there is however another who also has his synagogue and his own false teachers.71 Christ Jesus is truly the Light of the world; yet in opposition to Him there is one who is “transformed into an angel of light.”72

Key feature of the Papacy and the assurance given in Christ

Deliberate unbelief is a refusal to submit to the righteousness of God and His authority. Often

what follows is the establishment of a religion that has its own means of salvation. The self importance of the Vatican is proverbial. It attempts to establish its own righteousness by devising the importance of merit, indulgences, purgatory and the observance of its sacraments. The folly is that Christ Jesus has come and has brought in an everlasting righteousness. He is the object of faith, and His followers belong to fellowships of believers, comprising His Church. No assembly of believers can ever substitute for the Lord, and no group of believers can assume onto themselves His authority. In history, this attempted replacement has been the key factor in the life of Catholicism and its hierarchy. It is the very same issue that negated the way of salvation to the Pharisees and their followers, “for they being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted themselves unto the righteousness of God”73 This the Apostle calls a seeking for righteousness “as it were by the works of

62 II Timothy 1:12

63 Colossians 1:21-23

64 Matthew 7:15, 24:24-25; II Thessalonians 2:3-12; I Timothy 4:1-2, Acts 20:29, II Peter 2:1

65 I Timothy 3:16

66 II Thessalonians 2:7 See J. A. Wylie, The Papacy Is the Antichrist: A Demonstration (Edinburgh: George

M’Gibbon, no date) Photocopy of original produced by Still Waters Revival Books, Edmonton, AB, Canada.

67 Revelation 7:3

68 Revelation 13:16

69 II Thessalonians 2:9

70 Revelation 2:13

71 Revelation 2:9, II Peter 2:1

72 II Corinthians 11:14

73 Romans 10:3

5 6

the law74, not directly, “but as it were” by the works of the law, substituting one thing for another.

As human creatures, each one of us has a supernatural and eternal end. We are therefore

bound to answer to the Lord God in the total obedience that He requires. We soon discover,

however, that all our efforts at achieving perfect obedience are fruitless, and that of ourselves it is impossible to meet the standards of divine perfection. This righteousness is found in the Lord Christ alone, who in the words of the Apostle, “is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.”75 Christ Jesus the Lord totally satisfied the justice of God so that we might be partakers of righteousness by faith, “for he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.”76

It is insufficient to be not guilty; we must also be actually righteous in God’s sight. Not only all sin must be forgiven, but also all righteousness must be fulfilled. All the perfection that God requires of us is found in Him on whom we trust. The actual obedience, which Christ lived in keeping whole law of God, is the righteousness whereby we are saved. If you are found in Him, not having your own righteousness but rather having the righteousness that is of God by faith, then indeed your life is hid with Christ in God and when Christ shall appear, you also shall appear with Him in glory. 77

Richard Bennett of “Berean Beacon” WebPage:

Permission is given by the author to copy this article if it is done in its entirety without any changes.

Permission is also given post this article in its entirety on Internet WebPages.

74 Romans 9: 32

75 I Corinthians 1:30

76 II Corinthians 5:21

77 Colossians 3:3-4 “For ye are dead, and your life is hid with Christ in God. When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory.”

Inlagt av Leif Berg

Here is a link where you can see Communist Army pays tribute to (John Paul the pope) JPII:


Pope Benedict XVI’s god and gospel

Pope Benedict XVI’s god and gospel


Dear Friend,

Pope Benedict XVI has presented to the world his first encyclical called “God is Love.” Since

he both distorts the very the nature of God and the meaning of a person’s relationship with Him, it is most important that we address it.

The encyclical makes it easier to define biblically who Benedict XVI really is. In the present day environment of false ecumenism, with the Pope and his Roman Church, it is incumbent upon us to “contend for the faith.” What is at stake is to uphold the biblical nature of God and righteousness of Christ Jesus the Lord in the Gospel.

This we have done in the article below. Kindly forward this article to others, and place it on

your Webpage if possible.

We rejoice with you in “the faith which was once delivered unto the saints”,

Richard Bennett

Pope Benedict XVI’s god and gospel

On December 25, 2005, Benedict XVI (Karl Ratzinger) presented the first encyclical of his

pontificate. The encyclical, entitled “God is Love,” addresses both the nature of God and the

meaning of a person’s relationship with Him. It has been distributed widely throughout the

world and is posted on the Vatican website.1 It reveals that Ratzinger’s policies are firmly anchored in traditional Roman Catholic doctrine, as is to be expected from a man who for so long held the headship of the Congregation for Doctrine of the Faith.2 Yet the encyclical is clothed in soft terminology and couched in an approach that wastes none of the fruits of false ecumenism that the prior pope had accumulated to the Papacy. The encyclical is divided into two major parts, the doctrinal and the practical. We will deal only with the doctrinal part in this short essay.

In his first section, Ratzinger states, “We have come to believe in God’s love: in these words the Christian can express the fundamental decision of his life. Being Christian is not the result of an ethical choice or a lofty idea, but the encounter with an event, a person…”3 By

beginning with the concept, “God is love,” Ratzinger attempts to circumvent the essential issue of an individual being convicted of sin by the Holy Spirit in order to realize his need for the Savior. Conviction of sin is nowhere spoken of in this encyclical. No one becomes a Christian by simply believing in God’s love. Rather, a person is saved by God’s grace alone, through faith

1 father/benedict xvi/encyclicals/documents/hf benxvi enc 20051225 deus-caritas-est

en.html It was first published on December 25, 2005.

2 Formerly known as the Office of the Inquisition and then the Holy Office. It is still housed in the same building in Rome as it had been during six horrendous centuries of torture and death when it carried out the papal decrees. It is still the duty of that office to carry out papal decrees.

3 The word “encounter”, used nineteen times in this encyclical, is a classic buzzword of mysticism and Emergent Church movement to focus on experience rather than objective biblical salvation.


alone in Christ alone, and to God alone be the glory.4 There is no “coming to know and to believe in the love God has for us” without these

prerequisites which, in the encyclical, Ratzinger has nowhere given. Rather, Ratzinger’s statement gives the reader a security in God’s love without addressing his sin nature and his sins. According to Scripture, however, we cannot know God’s love until after we have fled from His wrath against our sin, repented of it, and turned to put our faith in Christ Jesus alone. God is a being of matchless and incomparable perfect Holiness as the Scripture proclaims, “Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods?

Who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?”5 Without an appreciation of this absolute perfect Holiness of God, there is no saving knowledge of God’s love. In the Gospel, the Holiness of God is dealt with as it is declared, “for all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God, being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus…that he [God] might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.”6

Ratzinger’s deception is soul damming.

Divide and conquer

In Section 2, Ratzinger employs the age-old tactic of divide and conquer by making a distinction.

Stating that there is a problem with language, he asks rhetorically, “So we need to ask: are all these forms of love basically one, so that love, in its many and varied manifestations, is ultimately a single reality, or are we merely using the same word to designate totally different realities?” Ratzinger goes on to argue that God’s love is both eros and agape after introducing a mishmash of citations and allusions to pagan philosophers: by which rationale he is able to state “affirmatively” that God’s love is both eros and agape.7 Scripture, however, denies such sophistry as it consistently uses the agape word group to define and describe the character of God’s love toward His people.

In Section 9, “The newness of biblical faith,” Ratzinger’s conclusion is that “God loves man” and that “His [God’s] love, moreover, is an elective love: among all the nations he chooses Israel and loves her—but he does so precisely with a view to healing the whole human race.” There are a number of things wrong with his reasoning. First, it is based on the Catholic notion that man is wounded by sin, 8 a flat contradiction of Ephesians 2:1, that if a person is not “in Christ”, he is still “dead in trespasses and sins.” Second, the notion that God is going to heal the whole human race is nowhere in the Bible. Rather, He is calling out a people for His own, those who were chosen “in him before the foundation of the world9 to be His sons and daughters, the ones He begat “with the word of truth,10 the ones “which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”11 To his false gospel, Ratzinger has now added major dishonesty.

4 Grace alone and Faith alone, Ephesians 2:8-9; in Christ alone, Romans 3:23-26; to God alone be the glory,

Ephesians 1:6.

5 Exodus 15:11

6 Romans 3:23-24, 26

7 Section 7

8 “…man has been wounded by sin…When he is drawn to think about his real self he turns to those deep recesses of his being where God who probes the heart awaits him, and where he decides his own destiny in the sight of God….”

No. 64, “Gaudium et Spes”, 7 December 1965, in Vatican Council II: The Conciliar and Post Conciliar Documents,

1981 ed., Austin Flannery, O. P., Editor (Northport, NY: Costello Publ. Co.) §14 “The Essential Nature of Man”.

9 Ephesians 1:4

10 James 1:18

11 John 1:13


A god who is against himself

In Section 10 of the encyclical, Ratzinger states, “God’s passionate love for his people—for humanity—is at the same time a forgiving love. It is so great that it turns God against himself, his love against his justice.” God’s people and humanity are not the same thing, as noted above.

Nor is Ratzinger’s type of god, who has passionate love (eros plus agape) for humanity, the God of the Bible. “God against himself, his love against his justice” is not the essence of God’s character.12 Rather, in the Bible God’s saving love is always in accord with His righteousness.

We must accept God’s love as He has defined it. In Scripture God’s love is seen in the

maintenance of His law and in the manifestation of His justice, as Romans 3:26 clearly states to declare, I say, at this time his righteousness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus. God retained the integrity of His character as a moral governor in that He showed a due regard to His Law and to the penalty of the Law in His plan of salvation.

In Section 12 Ratzinger continues,

“His [Christ’s] death on the Cross is the culmination of that turning of God against himself in

which he gives himself in order to raise man up and save him. This is love in its most radical form. By contemplating the pierced side of Christ (cf. 19:37), we can understand the starting-point of this Encyclical Letter: ‘God is love’ (1 Jn 4:8).”

What Ratzinger fails to state is the first and essential message in the letter of the Apostle John,

This then is the message which we have heard of him, and declare unto you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all.”13 The excellence of the divine nature in all its perfection is represented by light. All the absolute fullness of Holiness, Justice, and Truth exist in God. In Him there is no darkness at all. Ratzinger’s concept of “turning of God against himself” is utter darkness. God never turns against Himself.14 His purpose is not “to raise man up” but rather to present a perfect demonstration of His righteousness.

Totally missing from the whole encyclical is the concept of sin. Mankind is never shown to be “dead in trespasses and sins.”15 Thus the concept of God’s fulfilling His own just requirements in saving spiritually dead persons is also missing. In fact, God’s purpose was that believers should be made the righteousness of God in Christ Jesus. As the Lord, who knew no sin of His own, was made sin for us, so we, who have no righteousness of our own, are made the righteousness of God in Him, summarized by the Apostle Paul, “for He hath made Him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in Him.”16

Attempting to bypass the Lord Christ Jesus

Ratzinger’s god with his passionate love for humanity is an insult to the true love of God because it attempts to redefine the very nature of God. The true love of God perfectly upholds His truth, His commands, His Word, and His righteousness. God’s saving love is not for humanity in general but is always particularized to those who are accredited with the righteousness of Christ.

The Gospel is the demonstration in concrete historical fact of the perfect satisfaction which

12 Mark 3:25 “And if a house be divided against itself, that house cannot stand.”

13 I John 1:5

14 James 1:17

15 Ephesians 2:1

16 II Corinthians 5:21


Christ rendered to all the demands of the Law, and which God places to the credit of every true believer. Before God’s all Holy nature, sin had to be punished and true righteousness established. This has been accomplished in the faithful obedience of the Lord Christ Jesus and His propitiatory sacrifice. Thus Christ’s faithfulness is proclaimed by the Apostle Paul, “even the righteousness of God which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all and upon all them that believe…being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.”17

What is announced in these few words is the demonstration of the faithfulness of Jesus Christ, even unto death. Such perfect rectitude is of God. The great news is that this absolute righteousness is “unto all and upon all them that believe.

Ratzinger proposes Sacramental Mysticism

Having defined God’s love as God turning against Himself in Christ’s death on the Cross, Ratzinger begins Section 13 by stating, “Jesus gave this act of oblation an enduring presence through his institution of the Eucharist at the Last Supper. He anticipated his death and resurrection by giving his disciples, in the bread and wine, his very self, his body and blood as the new manna (cf. Jn 6:31-3318).” Then Ratzinger goes on to state, “The Eucharist draws us into Jesus’ act of self-oblation. More than just statically receiving the incarnate Logos, we enter into the very dynamic of his self-giving.” The section finishes with the words, “The sacramental ‘mysticism’, grounded in God’s condescension towards us, operates at a radically different level and lifts us to far greater heights than anything that any human mystical elevation could ever accomplish.”

“Sacramental mysticism” is a totally abhorrent concept to the All Holy God and the truth of His written Word. In John’s gospel chapter six, which the Pope cites, the Lord explained that He was going to give His flesh for the life of the world. “The bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.”19 Christ Jesus presented Himself not only as the One who had come here to die, but to give His flesh was to offer Himself as a sacrifice, to voluntarily lay down His life. In these words, we have the heart of the Gospel. His flesh He gave willingly in His sacrifice “for the life of the world.” “Then Jesus said unto them, verily, verily I say unto you, except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.”20 This speaks of the essential requirement of faith in Christ Jesus the Lord. It is so serious that if one does not trust in the Lord’s sacrifice on the cross, he will not have eternal life. Eating the flesh and drinking the blood of the Son of Man signifies trusting on the Lord in His sacrifice. Christ Jesus accomplished all the benefits of redemption: pardon from sin, acceptance with God, the adoption as children of God, access to the throne of grace, and eternal life. Receiving this by faith is aptly called eating His flesh and drinking His blood. Eating His flesh and drinking His blood is to be totally identified with Him by faith—for His sacrificial death must be appropriated by faith if men are to be saved. “Eating” is equivalent to “believing” and confirms the central theme of what He proclaimed, which He summarized as “He that believeth on me

17 Romans 3:22, 24

18 John 6:31-33 “Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.

Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.

19 John 6:51

20 John 6:53


hath everlasting life.”21 The bread that the Lord gives is not apart from Himself, one must come to Him and believe on Him to have everlasting life.

Human love proposed as the way to illuminate the world

Ratzinger gives an invitation as he reaches a conclusion in Section 39. He states,

“Faith tells us that God has given his Son for our sakes and gives us the victorious certainty that it is really true: God is love!…Faith, which sees the love of God revealed in the pierced heart of Jesus on the Cross, gives rise to love. Love is the light—and in the end, the only light—that can always illuminate a world grown dim and give us the courage needed to keep living and working. Love is possible, and we are able to practise it because we are created in the image of God. To experience love and in this way to cause the light of God to enter into the world—this is the invitation I would like to extend with the present Encyclical.”

Ratzinger emphatically states, “Love is the light—and in the end, the only light—that can always illuminate a world grown dim and give us the courage needed to keep living and working.” This statement is consummate heresy. Biblically, the holiness of God is “the Light.” His holiness is His essential characteristic. Thus the Scripture proclaims, “Who shall not fear Thee, O Lord, and glorify Thy name? For Thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before Thee…”22

Ratzinger denigrates the holiness of God, ignores the Holy Spirit while imposing fallen human sentiments as the conditioning element in the divine work of salvation.

Further, for Ratzinger to state that “to experience love and in this way to cause the light of God to enter into the world” is outrageous before the Lord God. A person’s only hope rests on Christ’s perfect sacrifice before God’s all holy nature. To those who might be taken in by Ratzinger’s notions we respond with Christ Jesus’ proclamation: “I am the light of the world.

The Lord directly announced that He banishes spiritual darkness. He came as the light-revealing God exposing mankind, to the end that all who believe on Him should be delivered from the darkness and the ruin of sin. The Lord’s commandment is explicit, “this is the work of God that ye believe on Him whom He hath sent.”23

Encyclical helps define Benedict XVI biblically

By the early sixteenth century, many Bible believers clearly understood that the office of the Papacy is the Antichrist.24 Ratzinger’s documented statements in his first encyclical show him to be the latest one in the long line fulfilling that office. The prophetic portrayal of the wickedness of a man who would both corrupt the biblical concept of who God is and deform the very Gospel

21 John 6:47

22 Revelation 15:4.

23 John 6:29 The seriousness of His command is clear: “he that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.” John 3:36

24 As early as the tenth century, the idea that the Pope is the Antichrist was extant, including among Roman Catholic prelates, and publicly stated. A major reason for the heinous persecution of the ancient churches of Piedmont, particularly the Vaudois, is that from their study of Revelation and events of the twelfth century in which they lived, they specifically held the Pope as the Antichrist. See Peter Allix, Some Remarks upon The Ancient Churches of Piedmont (1690, 1692), Ch. XXI in The Ecclesiastical History of the Ancient Churches of Piedmont and of the Albigenses Reprint (Gallatin, TN 37066: Church History Research & Archives, 1989) pp. 217-230. That twelfth century Vaudois understanding developed in the thirteenth century into the idea that the papal system is the Antichrist.

LeRoy Edwin Froom, The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers (Review & Herald, 1950) Vol. I, pp. 878-882.


of grace is a demonstration of the divine inspiration of the Bible and the authority of the All Holy God.25

Scripture speaks of the “mystery of iniquity” shown visibly in the form of the Man of Sin. The outcome of apostasy is the “deceivableness of unrighteousness.”

Such apostasy is marked by hypocrisy and deceit while appearing righteous and holy. This is what we have seen in this study of the Papal encyclical.

What we have before our eyes is the “deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish.”26

The same Benedict XVI assumes unto himself the titles of “Holy Father” and “Vicar of Christ” fulfils in the unqualified sense of the definition of the Antichrist given by the Apostle John, “who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ?

He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.”27 The Pontiff in taking these designations to himself denies both the Father and the Son.

Contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints

Holy Scripture clearly directs all believers, pastors, and teachers included, to unequivocally “have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness.”28

However, many leaders have and are openly joining in company with the Pope and his Roman Church, “they meet with darkness in the daytime29

Continuing in ‘loving dialogue and discourse’ with the Roman Catholic Church is becoming their undoing.

It is incumbent upon all those enlightened by the Holy Spirit to deliver the Word faithfully to leaders who have been seduced into this evil fellowship, “whether they will hear, or whether they will forbear.”30

Each of us is to take heed to himself, “and unto the doctrine; continue in them: for in doing this thou shalt both save thyself, and them that hear thee.31

This biblical command is particularly applicable in apostate times such as our own.

Richard Bennett of “Berean Beacon” WebPage:

Many of his Videos can be easily seen on:

Many of his audio messages are on

Sermon Audio at:

25 For full documentation of this prophetic fact read online our article, “The Antichrist Unveiled” or listen to the MP3 of the same on Sermon Audio at:

Also available in printed form from Richard

Bennett’s Catalogue.

26 II Thessalonians 2:10

27 1 John 2:22.

28 Ephesians 5:11

29 Job 5:14

30 Ezekiel 3:11

31 I Timothy 4:16

Inlagt av Leif Berg

A Kiss of Death for the Ecumenists

Dominus Iesus: Rome Exalts Her Throne

A Kiss of Death for the Ecumenists

Richard M. Bennett

It has been but a short time since Charles Colson, like some modern day Chamberlain alighting from his aircraft, held aloft “Evangelicals and Catholics Together” and declared, “Peace in our time.” It has been a mere six years; yet the folly of their deeds, apparent to many before, has now been made apparent to all. We can only conclude that if the “evangelicals” who signed that notorious document do not denounce the Vatican, then their act was not one of wishful thinking, but willful betrayal. Rome has dropped her mask; the empty ecumenical charade has ended, and therefore it is time for those who love God’s word to sound the alarm in earnest. Let us play the man, for our people, and for the cities of our God.

On September 5th 2000, the RC document “DOMINUS IESUS” [1] (DI) was issued by Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger, head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. [2] Carrying the full authority of an official Vatican decree, it declares the Roman Catholic Church to be the only “instrument for the salvation of all humanity.” DI has been “ratified and confirmed” by “The Sovereign Pontiff John Paul II.” [3] Even Catholic priests are alarmed by DI. The Irish Independent newspaper states,

“Members of National Conference of Priests of Ireland (NCPI) whose parishes are located in Northern Ireland, expressed dismay at the timing of such a document; Father Michael Hackett said: ‘I went to a meeting with some Protestant clergymen just after the document was published – their level of anger was terrible.…the document has been like a bomb being dropped into the middle of the cross-faith relations we are trying to build.’ Another member said: ‘The tone and timing of this document published by the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith could not have been expressed at a worse time. We (the Catholic Church) are being both reactionary and defensive.’” [4]

The “timing”!!? Is there a better “timing” for betrayal? They were “dismayed” at the document’s timing, not its meaning; they were upset at its tone, not its content. But this is your hour and the power of darkness. Also: to what are they “being both reactionary and defensive”? Overtones of peace? When a lion roars at the sheep, he is not being defensive and reactionary.

Clearly, the numerous ecumenists of “The Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification” (JD) of last year and the signers and endorsers of ECT 1 & 2 are now not in limbo but rather in no man’s land. Did Colson and his fellow-ecumenists really believe that the Pope will simply fade into the shadows and allow “evangelicals” to exercise themselves independently of his will? Do they think the rhetoric of the Vatican and the witness of history to be empty forerunners; are they as hoodwinked as that generation which had Mein Kampf in their hands and Hitler in their midst, but saw no connection?

Roman Catholic Supremacy

In Section 17, DI speaks of the RCC as the “Primacy, which, according to the will of God, the Bishop of Rome objectively has and exercises over the entire Church.” This presumed Primacy is the arrogant underpinning of the whole document, flouting the Lord’s commandment, “The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them…But ye shall not be so.” [5] Rome in 2000 speaks as did the infamous Boniface VIII in 1302, “Furthermore we declare, say, define, and proclaim to every human creature that they by necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff.” [6] The dominant presupposition of Rome is that the Lord set up a totalitarian hierarchy of Pope, cardinals (of which Ratzinger is high on the list), patriarchs, major archbishops, archbishops, metropolitans, coadjutor archbishops, diocesan bishops, coadjutor bishops, etc. This is the spirit of Diotrephes, “who loves to have the preeminence,” gone mad. The Biblical organizational structure of the bride of Christ is utterly different. In the true body of Christ, those ordained as elders and deacons are still only brothers within the same body and the one Master is Jesus Christ the Lord. ”For one is your master even Christ and ye are all brethren.” (Mt. 23:8)

Part of the same hierarchical presupposition is expressed in DI, Section 16, “…the Catholic Church, governed by the Successor of Peter and by the Bishops in communion with him….” Presumed in this declaration is the idea that Peter went to Rome, was her first bishop, and subsequently, the bishops of Rome have by “apostolic succession” retained his prerogatives and more. The assumption is groundless. In Biblical history there is no mention of Peter ever visiting Rome. The RC position is completely inconsistent with the recorded commission that the Apostle Peter was to take the Gospel to the Jews [7] as was the Apostle Paul to the Gentiles [8] , including those in Rome.

Nowhere in Scripture is there any suggestion of the existence of an “apostolic succession”. In the New Testament, the Apostles appointed elders [9] and deacons, not a line of apostles. There is no Biblical text for these power-endowing statements of DI. Rather the papacy alone declares by fiat that it is so. The papacy now is nothing less than the head of the apostate church depicted in Scripture, ravenous for power, the Woman who is seated upon the beast reigning “over” peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues. [10]

Such arrogance as the presumed “Primacy, which…the Bishop of Rome objectively has and exercises over the entire Church” is mind-boggling. Irish Catholic author Peter de Rosa, in his book Vicars of Christ: The Dark Side of the Papacy, summarizes the basic mindset behind such statements,

“…John Paul presents the papacy as the champion of truth and the rights of man. He takes it for granted that popes have never contradicted one another on essentials or deviated from Gospel truth….Apart from the fact that the tenth- and fifteenth-century papacy was the heresy, the denial of everything Jesus stood for, many popes have made astonishing errors. They have repeatedly contradicted one another and the Gospel….History explodes the myth of a papacy lily-white in the matter of truth. In an age of barbarism, the popes led the pack; in an age of enlightenment, they trailed the field. And their record was worst when, contrary to the Gospel, they tried to impose the [RC] truth by force.” [11]

Submission of intellect and will

In Section 4, in one sentence of 170 words, DI states that the root of the problem to unity and salvation is “the tendency to read and to interpret Sacred Scripture outside the Tradition and Magisterium of the Church.” This means that the bottom line of DI is the stipulated demand to submit one’s entire mind to an earthly fallible authority that claims to be infallible. In the official word of Rome, “A religious respect of intellect and will, even if not the assent of faith, is to be paid to the teaching which the Supreme Pontiff….enuntiate[s] on faith or morals….” [12] Moreover, she pronounces that the consequence for not obeying is punishment with a “just penalty”. [13]

The Lord himself looked to the authority of the Scriptures alone, as did His Apostles after Him. The Biblical message breathed out by God is revelation in written form (II Tim. 3:15-16). The Biblical claim is that what God has inspired was His written word (II Pet. 1:20-21). When the Lord Jesus Christ said, “the Scripture cannot be broken” (John 10:35), He was speaking of God’s authoritative written word. The events, actions, commandments, and truths from God are given in propositional, i.e. logical, written sentences. God’s declaration in Scripture is that it, and it alone, is the final authority in all matters of faith and morals. Thus there is only one written source from God, there is only one basis of truth for the Lord’s people. Against the Section 4 claimed precept of not to believe “outside the Tradition and Magisterium of the Church” is the command of the Scripture not to think above what is written: “…that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another.” (I Cor. 4:6). God….in these last days hath spoken unto us through His Son, and not through the Pope’s ex cathedra pronouncements nor through the Magesterium of the Church of Rome!

Engineering of concepts

The key catchword of DI is the word “salvific”. It is repeated in obtuse yet clever sentences 39 times! Many of the statements concerning the role of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit in salvation are Biblically correct. However these truthful concepts are used as a camouflage behind which Rome manufactures her claim that Christ’s “salvific” work is in the RC Church. Thus Section 16 of DI asserts, “Therefore, the fullness of Christ’s salvific mystery belongs also to the Church, inseparably united to her Lord.” And, “The Lord Jesus, the only Saviour, did not only establish a simple community of disciples, but constituted the Church as a salvific mystery: he himself is in the Church…” This claim that Christ’s salvation belongs to and is in the RC Church is based on a faulty definition of salvation. Continually Rome states that justification makes one inwardly just, for example, “Justification is conferred in Baptism, the sacrament of faith. It conforms us to the righteousness of God, who makes us inwardly just by the power of his mercy.” [14] Such a concept of a supposed righteousness within the soul by means of a physical sacrament makes this identification of salvation and the RC Church seemingly possible. The Biblical Word declares that salvation is in “the righteousness of God” [15] , “the righteousness of the one”, “the obedience of the one” [16] , “the righteousness of God and our Saviour Jesus Christ.” [17] Biblical truth makes the DI statement that “Christ constituted the Church as a salvific mystery” impossible. The “righteousness of God” credited to the believer is not on earth, let alone identified with any church. Ephesians 1:3-14 makes clear that such blessed righteousness is in heavenly places in Christ alone. In Section 17, DI quotes from another document [18] the RC precept, “The Christian faithful are therefore not permitted to imagine….” Speculation is out of the question, ‘lock-step’ thinking and behavior alone will be tolerated. “Sieg Heil!” echoes through the corridors of the faithful. Dredging the very depths of deception in the ecclesiastical engineering of concepts, Section 16 speaks of “the very fullness of grace and truth entrusted to the Catholic Church”. Their habitation is in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know Me. Scripture speaks of only One who is full of grace and truth, His name, the Lord Jesus Christ. [19]

Engineering as lived out

As Catholics live it out, the “salvific mystery…in the church” is a long journey through the Sacrifice of the Mass, sacraments, good works, merit, worship of Mary and the saints, etc. One is required to partake of the “salvific mystery” in order to be good enough to die in “sanctifying grace” and then to be saved, or at least, for the majority, to land for a time in purgatory. (We are left to wonder how “full” is that measure of grace found within the Catholic Church, how ‘perfect’ is her sacrifice of the Mass, how hopeful are “the last rites,” if their accomplishments are so miniscule as to send souls to a psuedo-hell?)

The same Section 16 states, “This Church, constituted and organized as a society in the present world, subsists in [subsistit in] the Catholic Church, governed by the Successor of Peter and by the Bishops in communion with him.” It is the constant ploy of the RC Church to focus a person’s faith for salvation to the RCC herself. In her words, “There is no offense, however serious, that the Church cannot forgive. ‘There is no one, however wicked and guilty, who may not confidently hope for forgiveness, provided his repentance is honest.” [20] In Scripture, salvation is mediated through Jesus Christ alone, the only mediator between God and man (John 14:6; Acts 4:12, 1 Tim. 2:5). The instrument of salvation is not a church but rather faith in the Lord Jesus Christ, “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house.” [21] “However, to the man who does not work but trusts God who justifies the ungodly, his faith is credited as righteousness.” [22] The boundaries of salvation are all of God, and not that of any church, to demonstrate in the words of the Apostle that He is “just and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus.” [23] The precincts of salvation are outlined in Romans 3: 24, “being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus,” showing that God’s grace is the efficient cause, and the payment is “through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.” To attempt to bring the RCC into the nature of the salvific work of the Godhead, indeed, to make it the fount of that work is speaking against God. It is blasphemy. In Scripture, salvation is in Christ Jesus alone, “to the praise of the glory of his grace.” [24]

DI and the Gospel

While Bible texts mandating the preaching of the Gospel are given in DI, the Gospel itself is not. [25] Instead it defines the Gospel as “the fullness of the truth which God has enabled us to know about himself ”. The definition is a good description of what the Written Word of God is, but it is not an explanation of the Gospel, which is what is at stake.

The Apostle Paul declares precisely what the Gospel is, “For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth…For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: as it is written, The just shall live by faith.” (Rom. 1:16-17) What Rome declares in DI is not “the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith” granted to the believer, neither is it “the power of God unto salvation.” [26] Rather in Section 7 of DI, Rome is bold enough to proclaim that “those who are baptized in these communities [ie., non-Catholic churches] are, by Baptism, incorporated in Christ” and “Baptism in fact tends per se toward the full development of life in Christ.…” Such cleverness is in accord with her insistence in her official teaching that salvation is given in Baptism, “…The [RC] Church does not know of any means other than Baptism that assures entry into eternal beatitude…” “By Baptism all sins are forgiven, original sin and all personal sins, as well as all punishment for sin.” [27]

She now has the same effrontery, as did the Inquisition and the Council of Trent, to state that there is a “divine origin” and salvific power to her sacraments. Thus DI states, “One cannot attribute to these [ie., non-Catholic traditions]…a divine origin or an ex opere operato salvific efficacy, which is proper to the Christian sacraments.” This is in accord with what she claims in her “infallible” council [28] , “If anyone shall say that by the said sacraments of the New Law, grace is not conferred from the work which has been worked [ex opere operato] but that faith alone in the divine promise suffices to obtain grace: let him be anathema.” [29] What is compromised in DI is the Gospel itself. The warning of Scripture still stands, “As we said before, so say I now again, If any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed.” (Gal. 1: 9)

Outside Rome, No church!

The Roman Catholic Church boldly proclaims, as she did during the Inquisition, “On the other hand, the ecclesial communities which have not preserved the valid Episcopate and the genuine and integral substance of the Eucharistic mystery, are not Churches in the proper sense.…” Indeed this is ominous; as the Nazis declared non-Aryans to be non-humans, so now Rome declares other churches “not Churches in the proper sense”. In the words of the Apostle Peter, indeed this sounds as the voice of “a roaring lion”. The statement is directed against all post-Reformation churches, including the Lutherans and Anglicans, so that in DI is boldly stated Rome’s hard-line position regarding those whom she designates as “separated brethren”. [30] Had those being drawn into ecumenism and dialogue done any serious study of her major documents and history, they would have found that the RCC has had this iron-clad mindset all along. For her, the only true Church sits on the Seven Hills of Rome; the only successful dialogue is to come back into her arms. Thus Vatican Council II’s post conciliar Document No. 42 on ecumenism had already stated that “…dialogue is not an end in itself…it is not just an academic discussion.” [31] Rather, “ecumenical dialogue…serves to transform modes of thought and behavior and the daily life of those [non-Catholic] communities. In this way, it aims at preparing the way for their unity of faith in the bosom of a Church one and visible.” [32] Transform them it must, for there is no “equality” in the “doctrinal content” that other churches have brought to the table. The Papal Primacy in a forceful inquisitorial manner is saying the same thing: come back to “Holy Mother”, otherwise we will treat you as a non-church. Confident Ecumenizers need to rethink their position: Their base in groups defined by Rome as “Churches not in the proper sense” leaves them without power because they have compromised the Gospel and the authority of Scripture alone.

Ecumenists come to the table empty handed

Rome is, in her own words, semper eadem, always the same. She claims that she is infallible and that to her is to be given submission of intellect and will. Her present day Code of Canon Law has not changed her penalties for crimes against her system; rather, they are now clearer than ever. Accepted by most civil powers in the present world, she is becoming more brazen, as DI reveals. She is accepted as a recognized civil and religious body by many civil governments, and in some nations is legally declared so by their very constitutions.

As the Roman Catholic Church’s influence increasingly shapes civil law in the European Union, Biblically based churches there are being legally classified as sects; already there are reports of this from Europe. The Sunday Telegraph, 25th August 1991, noted, “If European federalism triumphs, the EC [European Community] will indeed be an empire. It will lack an emperor: but it will have the Pope…it is difficult not to think that Wojtyla [John Paul II] realises this.” [33] In Can. 1404, the Pope claims immunity from all moral and civil authority, “The First See is judged by no one.In DI he stipulates complete Primacy of “grace and truth” for himself and his Church. In #882 of the new Catechism, the Pope purports to take for himself the Lord Jesus Christ’s divine position: “For the Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, namely, and as pastor of the entire Church, has full, supreme and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered.” He is the worst enemy of Christ who under the pretense of service to Christ, presumes to undermine His unique offices by covertly usurping His position and power.

The table is set for a most interesting response to DI. Rome declares that there are “just penalties” for those who will not bend the knee to her. These ecumenists best beware lest they change their minds. Present day canon law shows what offenses she considers punishable. Nonetheless, the ecumenists are playing against a stacked deck. No matter what promises of a compromise are held out to them, Sect. 22 of DI states, “Equality, which is a presupposition of inter-religious dialogue, refers to the equal personal dignity of the parties in the dialogue, not to doctrinal content.” In other words, they have come empty handed to the table, unknowingly facing Canon 1369,

“A person who uses a public show or speech, published writings, or other media of social communication to blaspheme, seriously damage good morals, express wrongs against religion or against the Church or stir up hatred or contempt against religion or the Church is to be punished with a just penalty.”

(In an article on these “just penalties” of Rome, an official commentator states, “While a certain type of diversity clearly enriches the Church, it simply cannot tolerate certain divergent patterns of thought or activity….”) [34]

“Behold, your house is left unto you desolate”

In DI the Self Exalted Throne of Rome upholds the “Primacy… the Bishop of Rome objectively has and exercises over the entire Church” while condemning “The tendency to read and to interpret Sacred Scripture outside the Tradition and Magisterium of the Church.” At complete variance to this is the Word of the Lord Christ Jesus, “If ye continue in my word, then are ye my disciples indeed; and ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free.” The same self asserted “Sovereign” and “Infallible” Power declares, “The Christian faithful are therefore not permitted to imagine…” The Holy Spirit through the Apostle Paul commands, “Stand fast therefore in the liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and be not entangled again with the yoke of bondage.” [35]

The Supreme Pontiff purportedly being Sovereign and possessing “infallible teaching authority” [36] is of vast importance to Rome. Satan knew well the worth of that word “infallible”. He carried it off to Rome, that they might claim it as theirs in infallible decrees, infallible councils, and infallible vicars of Christ, and now their infallible DI. Such blasphemous presumption we know the “Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming,” [37] else we would wonder the earth does not swallow them up as it did Korah, Dathan, and Abiram. As Bible believers, the infallibility in which we rejoice is that of the God of all truth, expressed in His written Word. Manifested in the same infallible Word is “the God of all grace” who seeks, finds, and saves His people. All the members of Christ are secure in Him. None can pluck them from Him. All the purposes of Divine grace are infallibly settled. And all that the Father gave Christ Jesus the Lord will be surely brought home, to behold His glory and see Him as He is.

These things are written with deep respect and care, because the salvation of many is involved. The Lord faced the sincere and devout Pharisees with a very strong word. They like many present day Catholics they were making Tradition equal to the authority of the Written Word and “establishing their own righteousness” were not counting on God’s grace alone. The Lord said to those Pharisees of His own day, “ if you believe not that I am He, you shall die in your sins.” If anyone continues to hold to the Roman Catholic Church’s teaching authority, and her “salvific” righteousness he likewise will die in his sins. The Lord Christ Jesus died in place of the believer, the One for the many (Mark 10:45). His life and finished sacrifice alone are the ransom for the believer. As He declared, ”This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.”¨

Permission is given by the author to copy and print, this article if it is done in its entirety without any changes.

Permission is also given post this article in its entirety on other Internet WebPages.

Richard Bennett, Berean Beacon.



[2] Formerly known as the Office of the Inquisition, then the Holy Office, it is still housed in the same building in Rome as it had been during those horrendous centuries of torture and death when it carried out the papal decrees.

[3] Scriptures speak of One Supreme Sovereign Head of the Church: the All Holy, Unchangeable, All-Powerful, All Knowing, All Wise Lord Jesus Christ.


[5] Luke 22:25-26.

[6] Denzinger, Henry, “Unam Sanctum”, Nov. 18, 1302, The Sources of Catholic Dogma, Tr. By Roy J. Deferrari, 30th Ed. of Enchiridion Symbolorum, rev. by Karl Rahner, S. J. (St Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co., 1957) #469.

[7] Galatians 2:7-8.

[8] Acts 13:46-48, 18:6; Rom:1:5, 11:13; Gal:1:16; I Tim 2:7; 2 Tim 1:11.

[9] The terms overseer and elder/pastor are used interchangeably (Acts 20:17, 28; I Peter 5:1-4).

[10] Revelation 17:15.

[11] Peter de Rosa, Vicars of Christ: The Dark Side of the Papacy (New York, NY 10003: Crown Publishers, 1988) p. 151.

[12] Code of Canon Law, Eng.-Latin ed. (Wash., DC: Canon Law Soc. of America, 1983) Can. 752. All canons taken from this work unless so stated.

[13] Canon 1371, Para. 1 The following are to be punished with a just penalty: 1 a person who…1, teaches a doctrine condemned by the Roman Pontiff, or by an Ecumenical Council, or obstinately rejects the teachings mentioned in canon 750, [Para.] 2 or in canon 752 and, when warned by the Apostolic See or by the Ordinary, does not retract….”

[14] Catechism of the Catholic Church (Liguori, MO: Liguori Publications, 1994) Para.1992. Hereafter CCC.

[15] Romans 3:21.

[16] Romans 5:18-19.

[17] 2 Peter 1:1.

[18] DI footnote # 64 Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Declaration Mysterium Ecclesiae, 1.

[19] John 1:14.

[20] CCC, Para. 982.

[21] Acts 16:31.

[22] Romans 4:5.

[23] Romans 3:26.

[24] Ephesians 1:6.

[25] While the creeds of Nicaea and Constantinople are quoted, these are statements to echo the Biblical historical background to the Gospel not the Gospel itself.

[26] Romans 1:16.

[27] CCC, Para. 1263 & Para. 1257

[28] CCC, Para. 891.

[29] Denzinger, #851, Canon 8.

[30] No. 32, “Decree on Ecumenism” (Unitatis Redintegratio) 21 Nov. 1964, Vatican. Council II: The Conciliar and Post Conciliar Documents, Austin Flannery, Gen. Ed. (Northport, NY: Costello Publ. Co., 1975) Vol. I., p. 456.

[31] Ibid., p. 549

[32] Ibid., pp. 540-1.

[33] Adrian Hilton, The Principality and Power of Europe: Britain and the Emerging Holy European Empire (Rickmansworth, Herts WD3 5SJ, England: Dorchester House Publications, 1997) p. 18.

[34] Code of Canon Law: A Text and Commentary (Paulist Press, 1985) p. 894.

[35] Gal. 5:1

[36] Can. 749, Sec. 1.

[37] II Thessalonians 2:8.

Inlagt av Leif Berg



by Richard Bennett

On October 8th, 2000, Pope John Paul II, under the assumed title of Vicar of Christ, consecrated the world and the new millennium to “Mary Most Holy.”[1] This blasphemous “Act of Entrustment to Mary Most Holy” of that which belongs to God alone is a mockery of the First Commandment. The Pope’s official and offensive act ought to warn Christians that while the Pope formally claims to be “the true vicar of Christ,”[2] he in fact opposes Christ by false worship. What is equally serious is the title under which he performs. The True Vicar of Christ is the Holy Spirit. He alone is sent to take the Lord’s place, testifying not to Himself but to Christ. (John 15:26) The gravity of teaching and purporting to act in this divine role is that it denigrates the divine Person of the Holy Spirit. The Antichrist is also anti Holy Spirit.

With self-assurance, on September 5th 2000, the Church of Rome claimed, “the very fullness of grace and truth [of the Lord Jesus Christ is alone] entrusted to the Catholic Church.”[3] While aping His divine prerogatives, this was explicitly speaking against Christ, the only One who is full of grace and truth. The Scripture declares it necessary to believe on the Lord Jesus Christ alone, from Whom one receives “abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness.”[4] Over and against Him is the present day decree of Rome, “The Church affirms that for believers the sacraments of the New Covenant are necessary for salvation. ‘Sacramental grace’ is the grace of the Holy Spirit, given by Christ and proper to each sacrament.”[5] What is not said here is that Rome’s physical sacraments, tightly gripped in the Pontiff’s hand and declared indispensable, are thereby substituted for the Lord of Glory and His Gospel. Unwaveringly, in the present day, too, Church of Rome has upheld Unum Sanctum, “We declare, say, define, and proclaim to every human creature that they by necessity for salvation are entirely subject to the Roman Pontiff.”[6] Depending on these physical signs instead of direct faith on the Lord Christ Jesus is the deception of the papacy which subtly deflects faith from the person of Christ to signs that are claimed to be powers.[7] Moreover, there are many other events wherein the Pope has officially contradicted the Gospel, as on May 13th of this “Jubilee Year 2000.” There are also historical events wherein is revealed horrendous sin, as the now documented involvement of Pope Pius XII in Hitler’s reign of death.[8] These things ought to make Christians consider carefully if their eyes have seen in the Office of the Papacy the line of men that the Scripture calls the Man of Sin¾for the Papacy gives the title of Vicar of Christ to its Pope.

One Lord, One Holy Father

The Church of Rome authoritatively teaches that her Sovereign Pontiff is rightly called “Most Holy,”[9] and “the most holy Roman Pontiff.” This, together with usual titles of “Holy Father”[10] and “Vicar of Christ” is the full sense of the definition of the Antichrist given by the Apostle John. “Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.”[11] The Pope, in assuming these titles to himself, is against the Lord Jesus Christ and the Holy Father in heaven by purporting to possess these very offices. Such haughtiness also blatantly breaks the New Covenant Law of the Christ, “call no man your father upon the earth: for One is your Father, which is in heaven.”[12] Christ Jesus declared, ”One is your Master, even Christ; and all ye are brethren”[13] The Pope declares himself “Most Holy,” “Holy Father,” and “the true vicar of Christ.” The Pope’s claim is similar to that recorded in Isaiah 14: 14, “I will be like the Host High.” The Scripture speaks of such a one denying the Father and the Son by assuming the titles of both. In the words of Scripture we proclaim, “Who shall not fear Thee, O Lord, and glorify Thy name? For Thou only art Holy: for all nations shall come and worship before Thee…” [14]

The historical origins of the Antichrist

Throughout history, circumstances concerning the coming and character of Christ have corresponded so brilliantly to prophecy that in the past the Lord’s people praised His name for it. Likewise, the Lord’s flock thanked Him for clearly depicting the Antichrist.

The Lord Himself confirmed the understanding that there would be a specific fulfillment in the Antichrist’s role when He stated, “for the ruler of this world is coming.”[15] Similarly Christ Jesus said, “I have come in my Father’s name, and you do not receive me; if another comes in his own name, him you will receive.”[16] John the Beloved, following in the Master’s footsteps, states emphatically, “ye have heard that antichrist shall come…”[17] John confirms that while there were contemporary opponents of Christ (many antichrists), these forces of opposition would eventually center in one entity.

(One entity – body, unit, thing , article, individual, being, person, creature,)

Contrary to flawed popular belief, the popes are not the successors to the Apostle Peter. They are, however, the successors to the Roman Emperor. History shows that the title of “Supreme High Priest” was officially bestowed on the bishop of the church at Rome by the Emperor Justinian in the sixth century.[18] Therefore, the office of “supreme high priest” of the Roman Catholic Church, perpetuated now for nearly 1,500 years, came from an apostate secular source, whereas the Bible proclaims one Supreme High Priest, the Lord Jesus Christ appointed by God. The pagan Emperor Justinian also bestowed on the bishop of the church at Rome the universal oversight of the entire Christian world. That was when the bishop of the church at Rome became known as the Pope, arising as Spiritual Head of the pagan Roman Empire. The authority of this historical fact alone ought to be seen as clearly designating the Antichrist.

The cloud of witnesses from Christian History

From the time of persecution of the Vaudois and the Waldenses, and throughout the long era of the Inquisition, the Lollards, the Bohemians, and the believers of the Reformation understood both the Office of Christ and also its counterfeit, the Antichrist. The zeal and courage of many of these martyrs were based on their conviction that they were withstanding the Antichrist. Today, however, it is “religiously correct” to declare one’s ignorance of the identity of the Antichrist. As the ecumenical movement gains momentum, it is imperative to regain a Biblical understanding of Scriptural prophecy, which has been and still is being played out in time, rather than simply relegating it to some future cataclysmic period.

Bible believers of old recognized the Roman Catholic institution as the Antichrist. This identification was known and spoken of even through the Middle Ages by, among others, Dante Alghieri, John Wycliff, John Huss, and Savonarola; during the Reformation, by Martin Luther, William Tyndale, John Calvin, Thomas Cranmer, Hugh Latimer, Nicholas Ridley, John Bradford, and John Foxe; in the 17th and 18th centuries, by John Bunyan, the translators of the King James Bible, and by the men who published the Westminster and Baptist Confessions of Faith; Sir Isaac Newton, Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield, John Wesley; and in more recent times, by Charles Spurgeon, Bishop J. C. Ryle and Dr Martyn Lloyd-Jones. All these men and many more knew the precision of Scripture regarding both Christ and the Antichrist. The Written Word has been fulfilled in history, in both Light and darkness. As a silk glove over the hand, so the events of history clothe the prophecy of the Scripture. Today, it is “religiously correct” to refrain from speaking about the Antichrist, except in some futuristic scenario that cannot be analyzed since has not yet occurred. This is an application of “the tolerance principal” of today that has all but blunted the edge of the accuracy and distinctness of the Biblical sword. Such tolerance holds that the warnings of Christ and the Apostles John and Paul are not to be seen historically, but rather applied to some future political leader at the end of the last times. While much modern Biblical teaching assumes a future political leader to be the coming Antichrist, the Biblical Antichrist is first apostate, and then political only from his apostate seat of power. This perfectly describes every Roman Catholic Pope in his Pontifical office.

This paper deals particularly with II Thessalonians 2:3-12, one of the many texts that unveils the Antichrist and serves as an introduction to the other texts.

The Man of Sin Appears

The Apostle clearly states, ”Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition.” (v. 3) The Man of Sin would appear as the outworking of the “falling away,” or “apostasia” (“apostasy” in English). Clearly, there was to be a large-scale apostasy that would lead to the emergence of the Man of Sin. Apostasy can only take place in the professing church of God, since there must be something from which to fall away. The embryo of the iniquity that would lead to this apostasy and the revealing of the Man of Sin was already at work in the Apostle’s day–thus he says, “For the mystery of iniquity doth already work.” (v. 7) The Scriptures elsewhere speak of the “mystery of godliness”, “great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh.…” (1 Timothy 3:16) By contrast, in verse 7 the exact opposite is spoken of, “the mystery of iniquity,” that is, the disclosure of the Man of Sin, the Son of Perdition.

The “mystery of iniquity” was soon to show itself visibly in the form of the Man of Sin. The outcome of this apostasy would be “all deceivableness of unrighteousness.” Such apostasy was to be marked, not by open hostility, but by hypocrisy and deceit, which to the world appears righteous and holy. Apostasy by definition is duplicity and falseness, a withdrawal and defection from the Gospel and true godliness.

The “who” and the “what” that held back the Man of Sin (vv. 3, 6, & 7)

There was something withholding or hindering the appearance of Man of Sin, a constraint, keeping back his emergence. Notice this constraint is a thing, “what,” in verse 6 and a person, “he,” in verse 7. The Apostle’s unusual reserve to spell out the identity of this constraint is to be noticed, although he clearly realized that the Thessalonians would understand when he said, “now ye know what withholdeth.” Of great importance is the historical background to the second letter to the Thessalonians which is outlined in Acts 17:1-10. There the events that took place when Paul was at Thessalonica previous to this letter are explained. At that time, the Jews brought a political charge against Paul and Silas, “these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus.” This was not a religious charge, but one against “Caesar,” that is, the Roman Empire. All of that had been clear to the Apostle and to the Thessalonians. Had the Apostle written that the constraint was the Roman Empire, it would have appeared that he was supporting political revolt. The “what” of verse 6 and the “he” of verse 7 made it abundantly clear to the Thessalonians that he was speaking of the Roman Empire and its Emperor, respectively. The Roman Empire and Emperor providentially impeded the appearance of the Man of Sin for a time.

To know the time, therefore, at which the Man of Sin will appear, the whole passage (from verse 1 through 12) must be taken in context. The Man of Sin is set forth, appears at the removal of him “who is now holding back” (v.7). In the previous verse, Paul reminds the believers “now you know what holds him back.” What was it that the believers then knew? They knew that the Roman Empire kept all and everyone in check. In the Thessalonian mind, Rome, and only Rome, restrained. (That early believers like Tertullian and Jerome had such convictions is documented.)[19] The course of history precisely fulfilled what was stated in Scripture. First, the Emperor Constantine removed the seat of the empire to Constantinople. This removal gave all the opportunity that could be desired for the growth of the power-seeking Roman bishops. Internal corruption and external pressures destroyed the Empire. It was only after the break-up of the Roman Empire that the Papacy gained ascendancy over the civil powers, and the Man of Sin became more apparent. When the Roman Papacy acquired the dominion that the Empire had had for centuries, which was rule in both the civil and religious spheres, then the Antichrist was seen and recognised by the Vaudois and others. In all history it is hard to find a series of events corresponding more accurately with a prophetic statement than this.

The place where the Man of Sin appears

The Apostle states unmistakably the place where the Man of Sin would become visible ”Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God” (v. 4) He would appear in the “temple of God.” The word “temple” is constantly used by the Apostle to describe the people of God themselves. For example, “If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.”[20] This testifies that the Man of Sin would emanate from among the people of God as a result of the falling away, i.e. the apostasy, outlined in the preceding verse.

Presenting himself as God

The authority and truth of the Lord’s Written Word is of such importance that Scripture declares, “thou hast magnified thy word above all thy name.” (Ps 138:2) The Lord Jesus Christ said, “the Scripture cannot be broken,” speaking of the absolute character of God’s Written Word that He has magnified above His name. While many are unaware of it, the substance of II Thess. 2:4 is both the official claim and practice of the Papacy. This is documented in primary Roman Catholic sources. Verse 4 in the Scripture teaches, “…he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.” Consistently in Roman Catholic teaching and practice, the Pope is called “His Holiness.” Such a title applies solely to God. God is the only Being whose very nature is holy.[21] Concerning the Pope’s assumed title, “His Holiness,” the Roman Catholic Church claims the following divine attributes,

“The Supreme Pontiff, in virtue of his office, possesses infallible teaching authority when, as supreme pastor and teacher of all the faithful…he proclaims with a definitive act that a doctrine of faith or morals is to be held as such.”[22]

In the papal claim to “infallible teaching authority,” it is this very quality of God’s infallibility that is at stake. Thus Rome’s official claim exalts the Pope “above all that is called God.”[23]

Likewise, the earned righteousness of Christ Jesus after the Resurrection gave Him “All power… in heaven and in earth.” (Matt 28:18) The papal claim is officially expressed thus, “The Pope enjoys, by divine institution, ‘supreme, full, immediate, and universal power in the care of souls.’”[24] In this assertion to a power given to the Lord Christ Jesus alone, the Pope again exalts himself “above all that is called God”. How many extra marital affairs make it common sense to cry adultery? How much official blasphemy is needed for the one who calls himself “His Holiness” to be identified correctly as the “Man of Sin?”

Extravagantly, apparently without trembling, the Roman Catholic Office of the Papacy in itself fulfills the Thessalonians text and the definition of “Antichrist.” It is important to note that the Greek word for antichrist in the Bible means not simply against Christ, but more significantly, substituting for Him. That the Papacy in a real sense has been living out this two-fold meaning of the Greek word, one who is against the Lord Jesus Christ by presuming to take His place, is seen in its attempt to usurp His power and position as Prophet, Priest, and King. Full and supreme power belongs solely to the God-man Christ Jesus, Who acts freely on each one in His church. This is evidenced in Ephesians 1:22-23, “And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, which is his body, the fullness of him that filleth all in all.”

The Roman Catholic Church purports to take for itself His Divine position, according to her official teaching, “For the Roman Pontiff, by reason of his office as Vicar of Christ, namely, and as pastor of the entire Church, has full, supreme and universal power over the whole Church, a power which he can always exercise unhindered.”[25] He is the worst and greatest enemy of Christ, who under the pretense of service to Christ presumes to undermine His unique offices by covertly usurping His position and power.

The wickedness within the Roman Catholic system has reached such horrendous proportions that it is difficult to keep up with the documented evidence.[26] While conviction regarding the nature of this apostate church comes from God’s Word, present day evils show the mystery of iniquity at work.

Capitulation of mind and will

Rome’s law demands submission of mind and will to the one “shewing himself that he is God.” The official law of the Roman Catholic Church, enunciates the necessity of submitting one’s highest faculties, that of mind and will, not to God Himself, but to the Roman Pontiff.

“A religious respect of intellect and will, even if not the assent of faith, is to be paid to the teaching which the Supreme Pontiff or the college of bishops enunciate on faith or morals when they exercise the authentic magisterium even if they do not intend to proclaim it with a definitive act; therefore the Christian faithful are to take care to avoid whatever is not in harmony with that teaching.”[27]

Not only does Rome demand this, but also in Canon 1371 she decrees that the consequence for not obeying is punishment with a “just penalty”.[28]

To presume to take the place of Christ Himself as Prophet, Priest, and King, and to presume to act as in His person is clearly tantamount to “sit[ting] as God in the temple of God, setting himself forth, that he is God.” Yet this is exactly the documented claim of Papal Rome. The teaching given in Rome’s Code of Canon Law puts teeth into its claim by exacting submission and promising punition for those who fail to obey.

The purpose and intent of Man of Sin

The Apostle Paul appears to use deliberately the terms that generally refer to Christ, “revealed,” “coming,” and “mystery,” to describe the performance of the Man of Sin. This indicates that Satan’s design is to replace Christ with his own man. The stated objective is given in verse 4, “Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God.” This, as has here been documented, is the claim and the law of Papal Rome. Verse 9 depicts how the aim of Satan is to be carried out, “Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders.” The Man of Sin was to come with all power and signs and lying wonders, “in all deceivableness of unrighteousness.”[29]

Just as the Lord wrought miracles through the Apostles to confirm their position, so Satan would work with Antichrist, endorsing his alleged position with false miracles designed to overthrow the Gospel. The Man of Sin is both an attempted personification of Christ and a contrast to Him. He attempts to occupy His position, but is totally unlike Him, and in opposition to Him. He has usurped His place and His prerogatives, and far from truly representing Him, he represents His greatest enemy. As Christ acts for God, so the Man of Sin acts for Satan, who indeed uses him for this very purpose, so the text states that the Man of Sin’s coming is “after the working of Satan.”

The purpose and intent of the Man of Sin is given also in the second name, “son of perdition.” The reference is to Judas, who pretended to be a disciple of Christ even as he betrayed the Son of Man with a sign of love and loyalty. The Son of Perdition is a secret enemy while a seeming friend, a well-known confidant, yet a fatal foe who betrays with a kiss even while he says he serves the Lord and master. He is a Judas whose coming was to be “after the working of Satan,” with “lying wonders.” Those under him are under the influence of “strong delusion.” For their own part, they had “not received the love of the truth,” but rather took “pleasure in unrighteousness.” In a denial of the Gospel of Christ, on May 13th, 2000, the present Pope, John Paul II, endorsed the identity and origin of the vision of Mary of Fatima¾a “lying wonder.” He proclaimed,

“According to the divine plan, ‘a woman clothed with the sun’ (Rev. 12:1) came down from heaven to this earth to visit the privileged children….She asks them to offer themselves as victims of reparation, saying that she was ready to lead them safely to God. And behold, they see a light shining from her maternal hands which penetrates them inwardly, so that they feel immersed in God…”[30]

The final end of the Man of Sin

“And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming.” (v 8) Verse 8 tells of the end of the Wicked one. He, who would be revealed when the power of imperial Rome was removed, will continue until the breath of Christ’s mouth and the brightness of His coming destroy him. This is a clear reference to the Second Coming. The Lord in this verse has foretold the destruction of the Man of Sin’s reign: the Word of the Lord will reduce it to nothing. He will be completely and in every respect destroyed on the final day.

In the meantime, the victory of the Gospel is also seen in this verse. The Apostle was repeating the truth of the Lord spoken of in Isaiah 11:4, ”But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.” The Lord’s power has always been greatest in the day of utmost need, when He comes to the aid of those destitute and poor in spirit. The character of God in His gracious Gospel is “the spirit of his mouth.” All through history this verse has been understood and lived out in this sense. The Gospel is “the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth.”[31] Repeatedly throughout history the “Gospel of grace” has conquered the Man of Sin. The Vaudois, the Waldenses, the men of the Reformation, and all genuine revivals have seen the Lord smite with the rod of His mouth and with the breath of His lips. His power is seen when His graciousness is boldly proclaimed, every individual who is saved “being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.”[32]


None but God could have delineated beforehand the “mystery of iniquity,” which is clearly the Office of the Papacy of the Roman Catholic Church. Man could never have anticipated all this; only God foretells it. That a power claiming to act for God, to be “as God”, in the midst of the Christian Church, flouting His truth and mocking His own Holiness, defies imagination. Corruption, fraud, and false pretenses have ruled the world for ages from the very same seven-hilled city where the pagan Roman Empire once ruled by military force, and they are such that were they not clearly described by the Lord’s Word, and seen in past and recent history, they could never have been expected by man. The prophetic portrayal of the wickedness of the system built around the Antichrist is a demonstration of the divine inspiration of the Bible and the power and authority of our Lord God.

To reject the clear testimony of God’s Written Word on the fundamental office of the Antichrist, and to prefer a doctrine that can neither be verified by the text itself nor tested in time is a serious matter. It obscures the wisdom of Divine prophecy and denies the true character of the days in which we live. While futurism asserts the nearness of the Second Advent of Christ, it destroys the historical timeframe of His opposer, the Antichrist, which is essential to correctly understanding this fulfillment of prophecy. The historic playing-out of those predictions concerning the apostasy is an essential element of what the Lord foretold in His Word. Just as the Lord explained regarding Himself, “all things must be fulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets, and in the psalms, concerning me.” Likewise, the substance of what was written concerning the office of the one who opposes Him has been fulfilled. With the Vaudois, the Waldenses, Lollards, and the Bohemians, through the Inquisition and the Reformation, the truth of the Gospel and the Prophetic Word lifted nations from the depths of superstition and despotism to Biblical freedom and economic growth.[33] Much futurist teaching has been the work of sincere and dedicated men of God; nonetheless, by failing to expose the presence of Antichrist in our midst, the nations are being lured effectively into slavery once again. In the face of such failure, it is imperative to know as believers of old knew the presence of the True Seed, Christ Jesus, with them in spirit and in truth.

The historic interpretation has been embodied in the most solemn confessions of the Biblical world.[34] It forms a leading part in the testimony of martyrs and reformers. Like the prophets of old, these holy men bore a twofold testimony, a testimony for the truth of God, and a testimony against the Apostasy of those professing to be Christian. Their testimony was that Papal Rome is the Babylon of prophecy, “that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth,”[35] and that its head, the Roman pontiff, is the predicted “Man of Sin,” or Antichrist. ¨

Permission is given by the author to copy this article if it is done in its entirety without any changes. Richard Bennett, Berean Beacon. The ministry’s Internet web age is: WebPage address:

[1] “The culminating moment of the Jubilee of Bishops was the Mass concelebrated by the Pope and Bishops in St Peter’s Square on Sunday morning, 8 October. Tens of thousands of the faithful gathered for the sacred liturgy, which concluded with the Act of Entrustment to Mary Most Holy.” L’Osservatore Romano Weekly edition in English 11 October 2000.htm

[2] Henry Denzinger, “Unam Sanctum”, Nov. 18, 1302, The Source of Catholic Dogma, Tr. By Roy J. Deferrari, 30th ed. of Enchiridion Symbolorum, rev. by Karl Rahner, S. J. (St. Louis, MO: B. Herder Book Co., 1957) #694. See also Catechism of the Catholic Church (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1994) #882 & #936.

[3] Dominus Iesus, Section 16


[4] Romans 5:17.

[5] Catechism, #1129. Bolding in any quotation indicates emphasis added in this paper.

[6] Denzinger, #469.

[7] Catechism, #1116 states, “Sacraments are ‘powers that come forth’ from the Body of Christ [i.e., The Roman Catholic Church] which is ever living and life-giving….”

[8] John Cornwell, Hitler’s Pope: The Secret History of Pius XII (New York, NY 10014: Viking, 1999).

[9] Denzinger, #649.

[10] The Catholic Encyclopedia, Robert Broderick, ed. (Nashville, TN: Thos. Nelson Inc., 1976) p. 217.

[11] 1 John 2:22.

[12] Matthew 23:9.

[13] Matthew 23:8.

[14] Revelation 15: 4.

[15] John 14:30.

[16] John 5:43.

[17] I John 2:18. The Greek text says that the antichrist shall come.

[18] LeRoy Edwin Froom, The Prophetic Faith of Our Fathers, 4 vols. (Washington DC: Review and Herald Publishing Assn., 1978) Vol I, pp. 511-517.

[19] Froom, Vol. I, pp. 257-258, pp. 443-444.

[20] I Corinthians 3:17; cf Ephesians 2:21, II Corinthians 6:16.

[21] Revelation 15: 4 , 1 Samuel 2:2.

[22] Code of Canon Law, Latin-Eng. ed. (Washington, DC: Canon Law Society of America, 1983) Can. 749, Sect. 1. All canons are taken from this source unless otherwise stated.

[23] The Greek word for “above” can mean “in a place of” or “as much as”. It seems to be this meaning that applies the text rather than superior to God, cf. Strong’s Hebrew-Greek Dictionary, # 1909.

[24] Catechism, # 937.

[25] Catechism, #882.

[26] That source links also to Roman Catholic sources that further show the mystery of iniquity at work.

[27] Canon 752.

[28] Canon 1371, Para. 1 The following are to be punished with a just penalty: 1 a person who, apart from the case mentioned in canon 1364, 1, teaches a doctrine condemned by the Roman Pontiff, or by an Ecumenical Council, or obstinately rejects the teachings mentioned in canon 750, [Para.] 2 or in canon 752 and, when warned by the Apostolic See or by the Ordinary, does not retract;”

[29] See Quite Contrary: A Biblical Reconsideration of the Apparitions of Mary by Timothy F. Kauffman (Huntsville, AL 35804: White Horse Publications, 1993). See also Graven Bread: The Papacy, the Apparitions of Mary, and the Worship of the Bread of the Altar by same author.

[30]…/hf_jp-ii_hom_20000513_beatification-fatima_en.htm 6/1/00. See on our web page our critique of the same in Fatima: JP II, RCC Contradict Gospel: Where Do Evangelical ECT Signatories Now Stand?

[31] Romans 1:16.

[32] Romans 3:24.

[33] John W. Robbins, Ecclesiastical Megalomania: The Economic and Political Thought of the Roman Catholic Church, (ISBN 0-940931-52-4; USA: The Trinity Foundation, 1999) pp. 13-24.

[34] See The Westminster Confession of Faith, 1646; The Baptist Confession of Faith, 1689; The Philadelphia Confession of Faith, Adopted by The Baptist Association, 1742; and others.

[35] Revelation 17:18

Inlagt av Leif Berg

Benny Hinn en orgie i ceremoniella riter!

Benny Hinn en orgie i ceremoniella riter!

Stanley Sjöberg går genast i försvar för Benny Hinn, han säger med gråtmild ton att Benny är ledsen, nu ska det rensas upp och sopas igen efter showen på Livets ord,  de är ju sedan gammalt såta, intima, förtroliga, kordiala, vänner!

Det är på samma sätt med Ulf Ekman, han försvarar och kompromissar med denna falska lärare samlar kollekt till denna gnostiker, låter honom få tillgång till talarstolen trots irrlärorna som förkunnas och ändå är Ulf och Benny är permanenta vänner, efter det senaste show-uppträdandet, scenunderhållningen, föreställningen, spelet, på Livets ord Uppsala!

Vi är vänner!? Lekkamrater, hjärtevänner, beundrare, friare, själsfränder, kollegor, gynnare, beskyddare, sympatisörer, anhängare, supportrar.

Apropå det Benny Hinn har varit på ROM-antiskt besök i Vatikanen!

”Det finns inget otillbörligt eller moraliskt felaktigt i min vänskap med Paula White”, skriver han.

Ingen av dem påstår att bilden skulle vara förfalskad, och de bekräftar att de besökte Rom samtidigt. De uppger dock att de inte reste dit tillsammans. Benny Hinn hävdar att han var inbjuden av Vatikanen för att diskutera framtida möjligheter för sitt arbete där.

Hinn förnekar förhållande med Paula White
Paula White, Her New Book is Not About Salvation via Christ
Roman Catholic Benny Hinn Visits the pope’s funeral

Paula White on ”7 Laws You Must Honor To Have Success”

Jämför dessa videos med New Age läror nedan

Success 1 of 10: Seven Spiritual Laws of Success by Deepak Chopra / Way of the Wizard

Access The Power of Your Subconscious Mind (www.MindMaster.TV)

Seven Spiritual Law of Pure Potential Meditation

Kundalini Kriya Yoga Meditation Share 0 – the Kriyas

Psychic Energy Blockages 6 of 9 Meditation Creates Happiness

Metta Meditation (Universal Loving Kindness)

Här en länk som beskriver orgies in ceremonial rites:–_MORE_files/image057.jpg&imgrefurl=–_MORE.htm&usg=__wn98p8basoDWYczTTuillbHHxns=&h=299&w=359&sz=55&hl=sv&start=14&um=1&itbs=1&tbnid=CEbnqZDvT_Ex8M:&tbnh=101&tbnw=121&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dorgie%2Bin%2Bceremonial%2Brites%26um%3D1%26hl%3Dsv%26sa%3DN%26tbs%3Disch:1

Karisma rörelsen visar kraftiga prov på en orgie i en uppblandad religion (mixed up), med ständigt nya program, fascinerande drömmar och mål, den ständiga jakten på drömmars uppfyllelser (see synonyms on  sensation, star, success in life) som aldrig blir till verklighet, utan underminerar, uppluckrar och kraftigt vilseleder människor bort från den uppriktiga troheten i Kristus. Den är ytterst farlig, demonisk och binder människor i andedyrkan utan att de är medvetna om det, kopplingarna med hindu och buddism läror är tydliga, detta är en annan ande!

Här fostrar man fram ”övermänniskan”, små gudar teorier!

Det är en Kristuslös kristendom!

Ulf Ekman säger sig vara berest och varit ute på ett stort antal karismatiska evenemang under flertal av år, och detta utan att lägga märke till hur illa ställt det är med denna kult-rörelse, med alla de villfarelser i läran som har grogrund (näste, huvudhärd, jordmån, grogrund) i deras förkunnelse, själv har Ulf gång efter annan visat sig gå i samma spår som Benny Hinn och deras stallbröder Kennet Hagin, Copeland, E.W. Kenyon, Joel Osteen, m.fl. samt Katolska kyrkan, ekumeniken, osv, och den senaste påfunna pärlan, en djupdykning i Katolsk mysterie-lära, liberalteologin!

Ulf måste ha rest med skygglapparna för ögonen och öronen tillstoppade, då han säger sig först nu reagera!?

Ulf talar om att han ”hört” att några skulle blivit helade under dessa möten, utan att ta reda på fakta! Men det är ju så det går till i den karismatiska kaos rörelsen, man blandar och ger allt efter som det passar för tillfället!  Vilken cirkus!

Men som det heter: The show must go on! (föreställning, utstyrselstycke, underhållningsprogram, underhållande föreställning, underhållning, tillställning, evenemang, skådespel, pjäser, bild)

Till att börja med Ulf Ekman har sedan begynnelsen av Livts ord:s verksamhet varit värd åt Kennet Hagins lära, Jds läran, ni är små gudar, etc, dina ord skapar (såsom Gud) kantat av karismatiska främmande läror, man har urskiljningslöst förkunnat allt som kommit från den hedniska, karisma rörelsen, med inslag av ockultism, mysticism, spiritism, gnosticism etc.

Vem minns inte det förödande Knutbydramat med sin traumatiska förveckling. En församling som uppammats på den mest utstuderade karisma fascinationen, förtrollningen, tjuskraften. Där förkunnelsen övergick till benhård auktorativ prygling av medlemmars samveten.

Med sitt inslag av ockulta, mystiska dröm värld, man gav varandra underliga, mystifierade namn, och bedrev en slags översinnlig drömvärld med starka sexuella lekar och anknytningar parat med andliga väsen.

Verksamheten eller rörelsen fick ett mycket tragiskt utslag, människor blev marionetter i händerna på hänsynslösa vettvillingar, och det spel man spelade fick till resultat mänskliga offer, de skulle offras, utlämnas, prisges, man utvalde dem som stod i vägen för vettvillingars drömmar och iscensatte mord på medlemmar under föregivande att man gick ärende åt Gud.

Hela historien uppdagades och fick till följd en traumatisk chock (trauma, psykisk påfrestning, chockskada, kroppsskada, sår) inom de kristna leden, man kunde inte förstå hur detta kunde ske, ej heller veta hur man skulle hantera det som skett, med ett så vidrigt spel under föregivande att man ”var utvalda” och var satta över all mänsklig ordning och därför kunde bedriva synder samtidigt som man var överlägsen, dominerande, nonchalant, arrogant, i hela sin förkunnelse och utövning i församlingen.

Chocken har inte helst kunna glömmas, den blev allt för djupgående, skrämda av det som då uppdagades, kastar man sig in i (den karismatiska rörelsen) ett urskuldande, överskylande, och undanhållande av sanningen, det blev allt för påfrestande att ställa sig i ljuset av sanningen, nu gällde det att komma med ”nya program” som skulle få folk att glömma.

Resan gick vidare nu skulle man glömma och gömma, med hjälp av enhetsförkunnelse skulle man visa att det alls inte var så illa ställt som det visade sig vara, ekumeniken blev ”räddningen” och man gick rakt i armarna på den hedniska katolska mystiken. Nu uppammades en tillsynes ny riktning som fick inslag av mystik, en orgie i ceremoniella riter, ikoner, vax-ljuständningar, draperier av new age influenser, ortodoxa krucifix, artisteri, katolska biskopsmöte, dialoger, Vatikanens språkrör fick komma till tals, det blev till en orgie i ceremoniella riter och färden och riktningen skulle nu klargöras och utbasuneras i svensk-kristenhet, man var säker på sin sak!

Så kom nästa chock, pedofilskandalen inom den katolska heniska kyrkan, den största skandal som skådats i vår tid, så omfattande att det ej går att räkna alla offer som offrats på pedofil-prästers lustar! Med mängder av nunnor som blivit med barn av prästerna och tvingats till aborter, de mängder av präster som har flertal barn med kvinnor och som ”bortadopterats” för att kunna överskyla hela historien. Detta har pågått i så lång tid och stor omfattning att antalet offer överskrider vår fattning.

När det hela eller de delarna av historien kom fram skyndade sig påven att skaffa sig immunitet!?

Immunitet – skydd, betäckningar, undvikt, undflydd, rymd, smiten, oemottaglighet, okänslighet, anestesi, förlamning av känselsinnet, apati, håglöshet, känslolöshet, likgiltighet, liknöjdhet, slöhet, letargi, passivitet, bedövning, förlamning, avtrubbning, undantagsrätt, okränkbarhet

Det känns igen!

Ulf Ekman på sin blogg visar prov på samma mörkläggning av pedofilskandalen, där blev media de som stod som skyldiga och givetvis bloggarna, en ständigt återkommande mantra!

Gå till en församling där man är anhängare av U. E. och den karismatiska rörelsen och säg dem att du inte kan förena dig med denna lära som sprids på livets ord, då skall du möta en aggressiv hotfull attityd, med ord som – du har ingen rätt att döma, den som talar illa om guds smorde (den förledande pastorn) han skall bli förbannad osv!?

På samma väg eller sätt vill den svenska eliten inom karismatiska rörelsen skapa ett skydd då det blir avslöjat vad de lär, och söker med alla medel och metoder att tysta ner och missleda de som undrar över dessa irrläror, skandaler som kommer titt som tätt, de manipulerar, styr, och ställer, gömmer undan fakta som de inser skulle kunna avslöja dess sanna karaktär, med kompromisser av sanning och lögn sammanvävda i en lösaktig kärleks förkunnelse, så blandar man till en brygd, som är sövande!

Det är en trolöshetens och lösaktighetens ande!

Nu blev föreställningen som blivit så uppblåst av de fanatiska anhängarna av livets ord, Ulf Ekman och Benny Hinn rejält nedlagd i sank, inga formler tycktes hjälpa!

Det blev ingen försäljning av Dvd:n med Benny Hinns besök på Livets ord, dom har börjat lära sig det är för mycket som ej tål sanningens ljus, man vill ej låta sig granskas ur Ordets ljus!

Med diplomatisk taktik ska man tysta ner hela historien, det ska gömmas och glömmas!

På samma sätt är det med charta oecumenica det ekumeniska bindande programmet!

Där ingår pingst ffs, EFK Evangeliska frikyrkan m.fl.samfund.

Det kan knappast vara mediernas eller bloggarnas fel den här gången!

Ulf Ekman själv en irrlärare står som värd åt den karismatiska kaos läran med inslag av hedniska religiösa dogmer, JDS läran, ni är små gudar, mystik etc. Med ekumeniken som stöd vill han nu ”ena” och stöpa rörelsen i ”något stort”, och här gäller det att inordna sig, annars…!?

Varför detta smusslande, förtigande av sanningen, döljande av fakta, hemlighetsmakeriet, smygandet, omsvep, undanflykter, krumbukter, finter, invändningar, gensägelser, gensagor, som Benny Hinn, Ulf Ekman och Stanley Sjöberg ständigt kommer med då de blivit ertappade med rader av avvikelser i fråga om tron.

Stanley Sjöberg som i sin artikel på Hemmets vän påstår att Columbus var en karismatiker som skulle stå som föredöme!????

Och själv gjort audiens hos Vatikanen, med mystiska uppenbarelser som framträder ur ett katolsk altare!?

Vad är det som är deras gemensamma intressen: alla har de gjort sin audiens, privilegium, företräde, konsultation, rådfrågning, överläggning, rådplägning, hos påven, cantalamessa påvens ängel, budbärare!

Upp 18:1  Därefter såg jag en annan ängel komma ned från himmelen; han hade stor makt, och jorden upplystes av hans härlighet.

Upp 18:2  Och han ropade med stark röst och sade: ”Fallet, fallet är det stora Babylon; det har blivit en boning för onda andar, ett tillhåll för alla slags orena andar och ett tillhåll för alla slags orena och vederstyggliga fåglar.

Se oecumenica
G1096 is become
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be (“gen” -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.): – arise be assembled, be (come, -fall, -have self), be brought (to pass), (be) come (to pass), continue, be divided, be done, draw, be ended, fall, be finished, follow, be found, be fulfilled, + God forbid, grow, happen, have, be kept, be made, be married, be ordained to be, partake, pass, be performed, be published, require, seem, be showed, X soon as it was, sound, be taken, be turned, use, wax, will, would, be wrought.
G2732 the habitation
From a derivative of G2730; a dwelling place: – habitation.
From G2596 and G3611; to house permanently, that is, reside (literally or figuratively): – dwell (-er), inhabitant (-ter).
From G3624; to occupy a house that is, reside (figuratively inhabit, remain, inhere); by implication to cohabit: – dwell. See also G3625.
Of uncertain affinity; a dwelling (more or less extensive, literally or figuratively); by implication a family (more or less related, literally or figuratively): – home, house (-hold), temple.
Feminine participle present passive of G3611 (as noun, by implication of G1093); land, that is, the (terrene part of the) globe; specifically the Roman empire: – earth, world.
Empire – kingdom, domain, territory, realm,

Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application): – country, earth (-ly), ground, land, world.
Terrene – worldly or earthly as opposed to heavenly or spiritual, earthy,
Globe – area, neighborhood, quarter, spot, corner, region, zone, sphere, theme, question, matter, topic, theme, subject, matter, issue, subject matter, area, focus, field, subject, specialty, subject, field, area of interest, specialty, subject, field, department, realm, forte, failing, gift, specialty, strong point, strong suit, asset, weakness, flaw, fault, Achilles’ heel, weak spot, weak point, failing, limitation, disadvantage, drawback, difficulty, chink in somebody’s armor, feebleness, flimsiness, frailty, fragility, debility, infirmity, powerlessness, vulnerability, defenselessness, helplessness, fondness, liking, taste, inclination, soft spot, penchant, partiality, predilection, appetite, dislike, faintness, dimness, paleness, strength, force, potency, power, might, muscle, vigor, weakness, intensity, concentration, dilution, depth, deepness, profundity, distance downward, height, intensity, strength, power, vigor, concentration, extent, penetration, profundity, deepness, wisdom, seriousness, gravity, flippancy, disrespect, cheek, impertinence, levity, lightheartedness, lightness, flippancy, jokiness, gravity, enormity, severity, enormity, magnitude, insignificance, grimness, dignity, poise, pride, self-esteem, self-respect, decorum, distinction, stateliness, seemliness, majesty, grandeur, impressiveness, pomp and circumstance, formality, gravity, solemnity, nobility, worth, goodness, lightness, frivolity, potency, power, department, realm, orb, ball, globe, bubble,

G1142 of devils

God`s enemy, in Christianity and some other religions, the enemy of God, who rules Hell, tempts people to sin, and personifies the spirit of evil as Satan, mischievous person or animal, a mischievous, troublesome, or high-spirited, (exuberant, lively, enthusiastic, excited, energetic, active, bouncy, bouncing, effervescent, bubbly, playful, animated, lethargic, sluggish, vivacious, spirited, chirpy, animated, languid, animate, lifeless, breathing, conscious, inanimate, stir, stimulate, put a damper on, deflate, put a dampener on, spoil, mess up, spoil, ruin, wreck, make untidy, muddle up, confuse, mistake, fail to differentiate, confound, mix up, mix, combine, jumble, merge, blend, fuse, error, confusion, puzzle, mistake, muddle, misunderstanding, confuse, mistake for, muddle up, fail to distinguish, make a mess, clutter, dirty, mar, subdue, depress, enliven, rouse, liven up, bring to life,) excited, merry, cheerful, full of joie de vivre, full of brio, person or animal,

evil spirit, an evil spirit, particularly a subordinate of Satan, name for tool, a name given to various tools or machines, especially ones that cut or tear, same as dust devil, intensifier, used as an intensifier in questions and exclamations, same as printer`s devil, printing, stamp, imprint, engrave, emboss, pattern, design, motif, publish, carry, feature, make, produce, issue, turn out, copy, facsimile, reproduction, photocopy, duplication, imitation, replica, version, photograph, lettering, characters, font, typescript, typeset, junior barrister, somebody who works as an assistant for a barrister in order to gain experience, to cook or prepare a food with spicy seasonings, pester somebody,

Although the initial marketing strategy is impressive, the devil is in the details. Facts, detail, information, essentials, basics, fundamentals, prerequisites, basics, rudiments, ground rules, nuts and bolts, brass tacks, nitty-gritty, crux of the matter, requisites, data, the whole story, information, proof, evidence,

Devil, person, fiend, brute, beast, wicked person, wrongdoer, evil person, cruel person, imp, rascal, scamp, mischievous child, urchin, fairy, demon, mischievous sprite, naughty, bad, playful, ill-behaved, harmful, damaging, malicious, wicked, negative, hurtful, bad, malign, spiteful, nasty, evil spirit, elf, goblin, gremlin, pixie, sprite, sprite, angel, believe in, worship, be possessed by, exorcize, worship, worshipper, the devil incarnate, personified, in person, in the flesh, alive, embodied, in material form, come to life, made flesh,

From δαίω daiō (to distribute fortunes); a demon or super natural spirit (of a bad nature): – devil.

To distribute fortunes – luck, chance, kismet, destiny, fate, wealth, riches, prosperity, success, sensation, star, richness, affluence, opulence,

Star – celebrity, icon, household name, public figure, fame, prominence, stardom, luminary, idol, personality, VIP, famous person, leading light, superstar, pin-up, nobody, brilliant, celebrated, excellent, great, major, prominent, well-known, leading, principal, best, top,

Sensation – feeling, sense, impression, awareness, consciousness, numbness, commotion, stir, fuss, uproar, rumpus, ruckus, hit, smash, spectacle, marvel, wonder, miracle, phenomenon, amazing thing, awesome sight, manifestation, demonstration, exhibition, sight, display, show, scene, vision,

Ett tillhåll för
From G5442; a guarding or (concretely guard), the act, the parson; figuratively the place, the condition, or (specifically) the time (as a division of day or night), literally or figuratively: – cage, hold, (im-) prison (-ment), ward, watch.
Imprisonment – incarceration, captivity, custody, locking up, caging, detention, sentence, term, time, internment, putting away, sentence, confinement, detention, freedom, lack of restrictions, looseness, inventiveness, abandon, release, liberate, free, let go, discharge, let loose, announce, publish, make public, make available, circulate, issue, emit, withhold, emancipation, delivery, relief, liberation, publication, statement, issue, announcement,

G3956 of every
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole: – all (manner of, means) alway (-s), any (one), X daily, + ever, every (one, way), as many as, + no (-thing), X throughly, whatsoever, whole, whosoever.
All manner of means – income, earnings, funds, wealth, capital, revenue, resources, way, method, process, measures, agency, channel, course, instrument, mean,

See synonyms on mean.

G169 foul
From G1 (as a negative particle) and a presumed derivative of G2508 (meaning cleansed); impure (ceremonially, morally (lewd) or specifically (demonic)): – foul, unclean.

From G2513; to cleanse, that is, (specifically) to prune; figuratively to expiate: – purge.

Make amends

To expiate – make up, framework, skeleton, support, construction, outline, agenda, basis, context, background, structure, makeup, configuration, arrangement, organization, construction, constitution, formation, composition, construction, assembly, building, edifice, form, shape, constitute, make up, build up, configure, put together, construct, arrange, organize, composition, frame, make amends, pay somebody back, make reparation, atone, redress the balance, even out, offset, equalize, compensate for, make up for, even up, make up for, atone for, catch up on, reimburse, redress, apologize, recompense, compensate, balance, counterweigh, counteract, counterbalance, offset, make up for, say sorry, do penance,

G4151 every foul spirit
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ’s spirit, the Holy spirit: – ghost, life, spirit (-ual, -ually), mind.

Compare G5590.

A primary word; to breathe hard, that is, breeze: – blow.Compare G5594.

A primary verb; to breathe (voluntarily but gently; thus differing on the one hand from G4154, which denotes properly a forcible respiration; and on the other from the base of G109, which refers properly to an inanimate breeze), that is, (by implication of reduction of temperature by evaporation) to chill (figuratively): – wax cold.

From G5594; breath, that is, (by implication) spirit, abstractly or concretely (the animal sentient principle only; thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151, which is the rational and immortal soul; and on the other from G2222, which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Hebrew [H5315], [H7307] and [H2416]: – heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you.

From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ’s spirit, the Holy spirit: – ghost, life, spirit (-ual, -ually), mind

Compare G5590.

From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental): – any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, X dead (-ly), desire, X [dis-] contented, X fish, ghost, + greedy, he, heart (-y), (hath, X jeopardy of) life (X in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortality, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, + slay, soul, + tablet, they, thing, (X she) will, X would have it.


From H7306;

wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions): – air, anger, blast, breath, X cool, courage, mind, X quarter, X side, spirit ([-ual]), tempest, X vain, ([whirl-]) wind (-y).

A primitive root; properly to blow, that is, breathe; only (literally) to smell or (by implication perceive (figuratively to anticipate, enjoy): – accept, smell, X touch, make of quick understanding.

To anticipate – expect, foresee, await, wait for, look forward to, predict, be hopeful of, think likely, get ahead, do in advance, beat somebody to it, forestall, lag behind, fall back, fall behind, trail behind, drop back, drop behind, hang back, dawdle, loiter, linger, crawl, straggle, bring up the rear, drag your feet, go slowly, dally, lead, guide, show the way, direct, escort, pilot, go in front, go ahead, front, head, conduct, follow, be in charge of, run, control, command, direct, manage, head, trail, be in the lead, be the forerunner, be winning, be in front, have an advantage, start, leadership, head start, vanguard, advance, advantage, central, prime, main, chief, principal, indication, sign, signal, suggestion, hint, warning, clue, inkling, evidence, suspicion, indication, trace, intimation, allusion, quotation, citation, mention, reference, insinuation, implication, suggestion, hint, pointer, information, clue, hint, pointer,

From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively: –  + age, alive, eagerness, (wild) beast, company, congregation, life (-time), live (-ly), living (creature, thing), maintenance, + merry, multitude, + (be) old, quick, raw, running, springing, troop.

Eagerness – Enthusiasm, Excitement, Zeal, Impatience, Fervor, Keenness, Apathy, indifference, lack of concern, lack of interest, lethargy, laziness, boredom, ennui, droopiness, interest, stupor, state of unconsciousness, trance, coma, daze, dream, vision, daydream, reverie, delusion, trance, nightmare, hallucination, fantasy, castle in the sky, pipe dream, aspiration, wish, goal, hope, ambition, desire, fantasize, visualize, imagine, fancy, daydream, envisage, hallucinate, think, delight, joy, pleasure, marvel, ideal, nightmare, outlandish, horrendous, lurid, terrible, dreadful, nightmarish, frightening, terrifying, exhaustion, sluggishness, indolence,


A prim root (compare H2331, H2424); to live, whether literally or figuratively; causatively to revive: – keep (leave, make) alive, X certainly, give (promise) life, (let, suffer to) live, nourish up, preserve (alive), quicken, recover, repair, restore (to life), revive, (X God) save (alive, life, lives), X surely, be whole.

Let suffer – undergo, experience, bear, endure, go through, use, consume, utilize, make use of, use up, spend, look over, go over, study, inspect, put up with, tolerate, bear, stand, shoulder, submit to, swallow, stomach, be ill with, have a medical condition, be diagnosed with,

Nourish up – feed, nurture, encourage, promote, cultivate, reassure, support, foster, promote, further, advance, cultivate, forward, encourage, discourage, nurture, bring up, care for, look after, watch over, take care of, see to, care for, nurse, support, handle, do, undertake, deal with, cope with, manage, handle, take in hand, contend with, put up with, swallow, stomach, submit to, bow to, give in to, yield to, surrender to, acquiesce, defer to, stand up to, face brave, take on, meet head-on, challenge, confront, defy, resist, avoid, get around , get out of , sidestep , take avoiding action , circumvent , shun , pass up , steer clear of, avert, preclude, exclude, rule out, prohibit, bar, permit, authorize, allow, consent, let, sanction, give your blessing to, forbid, license, excess, immoderation, lawlessness, anarchy, chaos, disorder, mayhem, lack of control, lack of responsibility, immoderation, excess, abandon, recklessness, lack of inhibition, lack of restraint, cancel, give up, call off, end, desert, leave, walk out on, forsake, leave behind, dump, ditch, discard, dispose of, throw out, throw away, free-for-all, riot, scuffle, commotion, set-to, brouhaha, brawl, lack of responsibility, lack of control, abandon, carte blanche, dispensation, privilege, permission, authority, right, liberty, freedom, certificate, permit, warrant, authorization, pass, card, ticket, document, certification, certificate, authorization, card, badge, prevent, forestall, encourage, shoulder see to,

A primitive root; (compare H2324, H2421); properly to live; by implication (intensively) to declare or show: – show.

To declare – pronounce, proclaim, announce, speak out, assert, affirm, state, say publicly, make known, broadcast, transmit, air, put out, put on air, relay, air show, shout, transmission, diffusion, wordiness, long-windedness, verbosity, prolixity, conciseness, transmission, flow, circulation, dissemination, distribution, dispersal, dispersion, conduction, communication, spread, program, show,

(Chaldee); corresponding to H2331; to show: – shew.

To show – let somebody see, put under somebody’s nose, present, display, exhibit, put on view, parade, show off, reveal, bare, performance, musical, cabaret, program, TV show, radio show, act, prove, illustrate, demonstrate, be evidence for, confirm, demonstrate, illustrate, explain, give you an idea about, extravaganza, show, musical, variety, likeness, mixture, array, diversity, assortment, selection, multiplicity, range, make, form, brand, sort, category, type, kind, strain, class, burlesque, event, display, agricultural show, county show, trade show, fair, exhibition,

From H2421; life: –  X living.

Upp 18:3  Ty av hennes otukts vredesvin hava alla folk druckit; konungarna på jorden hava bedrivit otukt med henne, och köpmännen på jorden hava skaffat sig rikedom genom hennes omåttliga vällust.”

Upp 18:4  Och jag hörde en annan röst från himmelen säga: ”Dragen ut ifrån henne, I mitt folk, så att I icke gören eder delaktiga i hennes synder och fån eder del av hennes plågor.

Upp 18:5  Ty hennes synder räcka ända upp till himmelen, och Gud har kommit ihåg hennes orättfärdiga gärningar.

Upp 18:6  Vedergällen henne vad hon har gjort, ja, given henne dubbelt igen för hennes gärningar; iskänken dubbelt åt henne i den kalk vari hon har iskänkt.

Upp 18:7  Så mycken ära och vällust som hon har berett sig, så mycken pina och sorg mån I bereda henne. Eftersom hon säger i sitt hjärta: ‘Jag tronar såsom drottning och och sitter icke såsom änka, och aldrig skall jag veta av någon sorg’,

Upp 18:8  därför skola på en och samma dag hennes plågor komma över henne: död och sorg och hungersnöd; och hon skall brännas upp i eld. Ty stark är Herren Gud, han som har dömt henne.

Upp 18:9  Och jordens konungar, som hava bedrivit otukt och levat i vällust med henne, skola gråta och jämra sig över henne, när de se röken av hennes brand.

Upp 18:10  De skola stå långt ifrån, av förfäran över hennes pina, och skola säga: ‘Ve, ve dig, Babylon, du stora stad, du starka stad! Plötsligt har nu din dom kommit.’

Upp 18:11  Och köpmännen på jorden gråta och sörja över henne, då nu ingen mer köper de varor som de frakta:

Upp 18:12  guld och silver, ädla stenar och pärlor, fint linne och purpur, siden och scharlakan, allt slags välluktande trä, alla slags arbeten av elfenben och dyrbaraste trä, av koppar och järn och marmor,

Upp 18:13  därtill kanel och kostbar salva, rökverk, smörjelse och välluktande harts, vin och olja, fint mjöl och vete, fäkreatur och får, hästar och vagnar, livegna och trälar.

Upp 18:14  De frukter som din själ hade begär till hava försvunnit ifrån dig; allt vad kräsligt och präktigt du hade har gått förlorat för dig och skall aldrig mer bliva funnet.

Upp 18:15  De som handlade med sådant, de som skaffade sig rikedom genom henne, de skola stå långt ifrån, av förfäran över hennes pina; de skola gråta och sörja

Upp 18:16  och skola säga: ‘Ve, ve dig, du stora stad, du som var klädd i fint linne och purpur och scharlakan, du som glänste av guld och ädla stenar och pärlor!

Upp 18:17  I ett ögonblick har nu denna stora rikedom blivit förödd.’ Och alla skeppare och alla kustfarare och sjömän och alla andra som hava sitt arbete på havet stå långt ifrån;

Upp 18:18  och när de ser röken av hennes brand, ropa de och säga: ‘Var fanns den stora stadens like?’

Upp 18:19  Och de strö stoft på sina huvuden och ropa under gråt och sorg och säga: ‘Ve, ve dig, du stora stad, genom vars skatter alla de därinne, som hade skepp på havet, blevo rika! I ett ögonblick har den nu blivit förödd.

Upp 18:20  Gläd dig över vad som har vederfarits henne, du himmel och I helige och I apostlar och profeter, då nu Gud har hållit dom över henne och utkrävt vedergällning för eder!”</span>

Upp 18:21  Och en väldig ängel tog upp en sten, lik en stor kvarnsten, och kastade den i havet och sade: ”Så skall Babylon, den stora staden, med fart störtas ned och aldrig mer bliva funnen.

Upp 18:22  Av harpospelare och sångare, av flöjtblåsare och basunblåsare skall aldrig mer något ljud bliva hört i dig; aldrig mer skall någon konstförfaren man av något slags yrke finnas i dig; bullret av en kvarn skall aldrig mer höras i dig;

Upp 18:23  en lampas sken skall aldrig mer lysa i dig; rop för brudgum och brud skall aldrig mer höras i dig – du vars köpmän voro stormän på jorden, du genom vars trolldom alla folk blevo förvillade,

Upp 18:24  och i vilken man såg profeters och heliga mäns blod, ja, alla de människors blod, som hade blivit slaktade på jorden.”

Upp 17:5  Och på hennes panna var skrivet ett namn med hemlig betydelse: ”Det stora Babylon, hon som är moder till skökorna och till styggelserna på jorden.”


Forehead – temple

G3466 mystery

Secrecy, anonymity, obscurity, ambiguity, inscrutability, vagueness, unidentified, unknown, anonymous, crime novel, crime story, adventure movie, suspenseful story, exciting, thrilling, gripping, enthralling, beguiling, action-packed, riveting, absorbing, engrossing, enchanting, alluring, gripping, fascinating, enthrall, dynamic, vigorous, fast-moving, energetic, dull, deadly, mind-numbing, lifeless, dark, dim, muted, faded, lackluster, insipid, stupid, dense, dim-witted, obtuse, dim, slow on the uptake, deaden, dampen, stultify, cloud, muffle, cloudy, overcast, gray, gloomy, murder, mystery,


Mustering – rally, gathering, assembly, meeting, congregation, recuperate, join forces, collect, assemble, unite, come together, bring together, gathering, meeting, assembly, convention, reunion, contract, settlement, resolution, agreement, pact.

From a derivative of μύω muō (to shut the mouth); a secret or “mystery” (through the idea of silence imposed by initiation into religious rites): – mystery.

Initiation – introduction, start, beginning, opening, commencement, instigation, establishment, launch, get underway, embark on, initiate, begin, start, start on, open, introduce, present, inaugurate, unveil, unleash, reveal, start marketing, promotion, presentation, fire release, let loose, let fly, send-off, send away, banish, expel, show somebody the door, discharge, evacuate, expel, send, admission, induction, admittance.

G4204 mother of harlots
Feminine of G4205; a strumpet; figuratively an idolater: – harlot, whore.

From πέρνημι pernēmi to sell; akin to the base of G4097); a (male) prostitute (as venal), that is, (by analogy) a debauchee (libertine): – fornicator, whoremonger.

pipraskō  praō
The first is a reduplicated and prolonged form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); contracted from περάω peraō (to traverse; from the base of G4008); to traffic (by travelling), that is, dispose of as merchandise or into slavery (literally or figuratively): – sell.

Apparently the accusative case of an obsolete derivation of πείρω peirō (to “peirce”); through (as adverb or preposition), that is, across: – beyond, farther (other) side, over.

Upp 17:6  Och jag såg kvinnan vara drucken av de heligas blod och av Jesu vittnens blod. Och jag förundrade mig storligen, när jag såg henne.

Upp 17:7  Och ängeln sade till mig: ”Varför förundrar du dig? Jag skall säga dig hemligheten om kvinnan, och om vilddjuret som bär henne, och som har de sju huvudena och de tio hornen.

Upp 17:8  Vilddjuret som du har sett, det har varit, och är icke mer; men det skall stiga upp ur avgrunden, och det går sedan i fördärvet. Och de av jordens inbyggare, vilkas namn icke från världens begynnelse äro skrivna i livets bok, skola förundra sig, när de få se vilddjuret som har varit, och icke mer är, men dock skall komma. –

Roman Catholic Benny Hinn Visits the pope’s funeral

Benny Hins Strange Bed Fellows

Stanley Sjöberg och Vatikanen

Här Stanley Sjöbergs egen artikel om sitt besök i Vatikanen!

Ett besök i Vatikanen jag sent ska glömma

Angeläget Publicerad: 2005-04-14 Hemmets Vän

En hel värld har följt det som hänt i samband med att påven Johannes Paulus II avslutade sitt livsverk och begravdes under högtidliga former i Sankt Peterskyrkan i Rom. Vi har alla våra minnesbilder och relationen till den katolska kyrkan är inte enkel.

När Johannes Paulus IIvar präst i Krakow under 1970-talet vet jag att han var en vän till baptisterna och pingstvännerna och vågade visa omsorg, medan andra såg frikyrkorörelserna som ett hot. En av hans medarbetare besökte bland annat Citykyrkan i Stockholm där han upplevde den helige Ande på ett märkbart sätt. Den mannen predikade omvändelse och förde fram för allt ett stort antal studenter till livsförvandling och ett dop i den helige Ande.

En välsignad bordsbön

Några år efter att Johannes Paulus II hade installerats som påve i Rom hade jag tillfälle att besöka Vatikanen. Jag träffade aldrig påven personligen, även om min fru Kerstin och jag var med på en audience tillsammans med ett stort antal andra besökare.

Men en av hans medarbetare i kurian tog hand om oss och vi inbjöds till en samtalslunch som jag sent ska glömma.

När vi skulle nedkalla Guds välsignelse över måltiden fick vi vara med om en sådan tydlig Guds Andes närvaro att det blev bön, tillbedjan och lovsång ganska länge. Maten kallnade men atmosfären berörde oss i djupet.

Egen notering:
Audience, Konsultation – rådslag, överläggningar, rådplägningar, rådslut, beslut, avsikter, konselj, symposium, ”sky watchers discovered a new star” –praise somebody or something to the skies.

Kurian – Kurian (also spelt Kurien) is a male given name common amongst Christians in Kerala, India. It is a derivative of ‘Kuriakose’, which is derived from the Greek personal name Kyriakos meaning ‘of the Lord’ (equivalent to the western given name Dominic). In Medieval times, it is believed to be a name given to a male child born on a Sunday.

Slut egen notering.

Samma kväll blev vi inbjudna till en aftongudstjänst intill Vatikanen.
Framme vid altaret
var det förbön och man förklarade för mig att många upplevde ett ”andligt helande”.

Människor som hade varit under inflytande av demoniska makter, blev fria. Alkoholskadade blev friska. Sökare fann en levande gemenskap med Kristus. När mässan skulle firas, det vi kallar nattvarden, kom prästen ner till mig och omfamnade mig, kysste mig på kinden och sa medan tårarna flödade; ”You understand”. Han menade att jag förstod att vi som inte tillhör den katolska kyrkans gemenskap, vi får inte ta emot nattvarden tillsammans med dem.

You understand– appreciate, know, comprehend, realize, be aware of, recognize, value, identify with, empathize, comprehend, be familiar with, be au fait with, grasp, take in, figure out, work out, twig, get it, get the picture, catch on, become fashionable, take off, be feasible, work, composition, design, creation, opus, masterpiece, piece, product, production, handiwork, operate, control, drive, run, follow, get the message, get the drift, take the hint, grasp it, follow, see, be with you, cotton on, absorb!

Ungefär vid den tiden var jag på besök i ett ökenområde i Pakistan som kallas Sind och där vi samlades i staden Hyderabad. Jag var inbjuden tillsammans med den anglikanske prästen Michael Harper och vi skulle undervisa hundratals nyomvända kristna om hur man tar emot den helige Ande. En väckelse hade gått fram bland speciellt hinduer som tagit emot Jesus till frälsning.

Sent en kväll kom en katolsk präst fram till mig efter att gudstjänsten var slut. Han ville att vi skulle be tillsammans. Vi gick in i en liten katolsk kyrkolokal med jordgolv och ett enkelt altare med sitt krucifix. Prästen var ung, han var barfota, med långt hår och skägg, mager och innerligt intensiv. Han arbetade ibland de allra fattigaste och längtade efter en andlig utrustning för sitt missionsarbete.

Vi böjde våra knän framme vid altaret och efter en stund av stillhet kom den helige Andes närvaro med en obeskrivlig atmosfär av renhet, helighet och kärlek. Vi överraskades av att börja sjunga en lovsång där vi hade en gemensam melodi och ett gemensamt språk.

Ut ur altaret trädde en gestalt fram till oss och sträckte sina händer över oss för att ge oss sin välsignelse. Vi såg honom båda två och visste vem det var.  (???)
Jesus var mitt ibland genom den helige Andes förmedlande närvaro.

Det finns en del kristna vänner som den senaste tiden blivit upprörda över att vi som tillhör väckelserörelserna, samtidigt kan ha gemenskap med katolska kristna. Jag har den senaste tiden fått brev och e-mail med utrop att jag måste vakna. En orsak är att jag nyligen besökte den katolska kyrkan vid Kungsträdgården i Stockholm och talade om innebörden av Herrens Heliga Måltid.

Även jag har upplevelser av katoliker som varit skrämmande. Under 1950-talet var konflikten så dramatisk att våra vänner i olika länder blev förföljda. Jag är också starkt medveten om teologiska skillnader och jag är inte överens med katolsk teologi och absolut inte med den ämbetssyn som format påvens makt. ???

Bevara vår identitet

När en ny påve väljs och den katolska kyrkans inflytande får allt större betydelse i världen, då är det viktigt att ha ögonen öppna och inte låta sig manipuleras. Jag är övertygad om att det som finns av andligt liv inom de historiska kyrkorna har givits som en andlig förnyelse tack vare väckelserörelserna under 1900-talet. Därför har vi en större uppgift än någonsin och ett ansvar att bevara vår identitet som troendeförsamlingar med Bibeln i centrum för vårt tänkande och allt vi gör.

Jag tvekar inte att berätta om ett sammanträffande jag hade med professor Harald Risenfeldt. Det var han som gav oss den översättningen av Nya testamentet 1981. I samband med den tiden lämnade han Svenska Kyrkan och den lutherska gemenskapen i Europa därför att han upplevde hur teologer och kyrkoledare allt mer övergav tron på Jesus som Gudomlig. Han berättade med djup gripenhet hur han också inom den katolska kyrkan hade mött kardinaler och högt uppsatta teologer som inte längre stod fast i sin tro på inkarnationen och Jesu Kristi Gudom. Jag minns att Harald Risenfeldt lyfte sitt finger och varnade för den kommande utvecklingen.

Låt oss be att nästa påve är en troende man. (???)

Stanley Sjöberg

Så långt Stanley S. Här visar han sin dubbelhet, tvådelning, motsatsförhållande, och tvetydighet dubbeltydighet, lösaktighet!

Tyvärr har den karismatiska rörelsen influerat många församlingar och förvandlat dem till lösaktiga tempel, eller otukt, prostitution med världen, där man bedriver orgier i ceremoniella riter, och är berövade den första tron, övergivna boningar, ockuperade av mystik, och hemliga riter, demoners läror!

2Th 2:7 Redan är ju laglöshetens hemlighet verksam; allenast måste den som ännu håller tillbaka först skaffas ur vägen.

2Th 2:8 Sedan skall ”den Laglöse” träda fram, och honom skall då Herren Jesus döda med sin muns anda och tillintetgöra genom sin tillkommelses uppenbarelse –

2Th 2:9 honom som efter Satans tillskyndelse kommer med lögnens alla kraftgärningar och tecken och under
2Th 2:10  och med orättfärdighetens alla bedrägliga konster, för att bedraga dem som gå förlorade, till straff därför att de icke gåvo kärleken till sanningen rum, så att de kunde bliva frälsta.

2Th 2:11  Därför sänder ock Gud över dem villfarelsens makt, så att de sätta tro till lögnen,
2Th 2:12  för att de skola bliva dömda, alla dessa som icke hava satt tro till sanningen, utan funnit behag i orättfärdigheten.

2Th 2:11  And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
2Th 2:12  That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.

Unrighteousness –wicked, immoral, iniquitous, sinful, impious, heinous, nefarious, fiendish, bad, wrong, depraved, terrible, awful, dreadful, atrocious, severe, appalling, sinful or evil

G235 but
Neuter plural of G243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations): – and, but (even), howbeit, indeed, nay, nevertheless, no, notwithstanding, save, therefore, yea, yet.

A primary word; “else”, that is, different (in many applications): – more, one (another), (an-, some an-) other (-s, -wise).
From G2095 and G1380; to think well of, that is, approve (an act); specifically to approbate (a person or thing): – think good, (be well) please (-d), be the good (have, take) pleasure, be willing.

Neuter of a primary word εὖς eus (good); (adverbially) well: – good, well (done).

A prolonged form of a primary verb δόκω dokō (used only as an alternate in certain tenses; compare the base of G1166); of the same meaning; to think; by implication to seem (truthfully or uncertainly): – be accounted, (of own) please (-ure), be of reputation, seem (good), suppose, think, trow.

A prolonged form of an obsolete primary of the same meaning; to show (literally or figuratively): – shew.

G1722 in
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); “in”, at, (up-) on, by, etc.: – about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-) by (+ all means), for (. . . sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-) in (-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-) on, [open-] ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, [speedi-] ly, X that, X there (-in, -on), through (-out), (un-) to(-ward), under, when, where (-with), while, with (-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) prep.

A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.: – [abundant-] ly, against, among, as, at, [back-] ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for [intent, purpose], fore, + forth, in (among, at unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-) on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore (-unto), throughout, till, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-) until (-to), . . . ward, [where-] fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively.

ek  ex
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote): – after, among, X are, at betwixt (-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for (-th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, . . . ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with (-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.

G93 unrighteousness
From G94; (legal) injustice (properly the quality, by implication the act); moral wrongfulness (of character, life or act): – iniquity, unjust, unrighteousness, wrong.

From G1 (as a negative particle) and G1349; unjust; by extension wicked; by implication treacherous; specifically heathen: – unjust, unrighteous.

Of Hebrew origin; the first letter of the alphabet: figuratively only (from its use as a numeral) the first. Often used (usually “an”, before a vowel) also in composition (as a contraction from G427) in the sense of privation; so in many words beginning with this letter; occasionally in the sense of union (as a contraction of G260): – Alpha.

A primary particle; without: – without. Compare G1.

A primary particle; properly at the “same” time, but freely used as a preposition or adverb denoting close association: – also, and, together, with (-al).

Probably from G1166; right (as self evident), that is, justice (the principle, a decision, or its execution): – judgment, punish, vengeance.
As self evident – mysterious, secretive, guarded, cautious, reserved, reticent, quiet, uncommunicative, taciturn, silent, enigmatic, shadowy, furtive, cagey, strange, unexplained, inexplicable, unsolved, odd, puzzling, mystifying, baffling, peculiar, weird, hidden, secreted, veiled, buried, unknown, concealed, out of sight, unseen, mysterious, clandestine, unknown, secret, covert, obscure, cryptic, mysterious, puzzling, hidden, obscure, secret, unfathomable, inscrutable, unknowable, mystifying, obvious, clear, plain, patently obvious,

Or its execution – implementation, carrying out, completing, finishing, effecting, capital punishment, the death sentence, putting to death, killing, murder, assassination, butchery, slaughter, carnage, homicide, kill,

A prolonged form of an obsolete primary of the same meaning; to show (literally or figuratively): – shew.
To show – turnover, indication, direction, indicates position, purpose, recipient, attachment, range, result of change, preposition indicates what somebody or something is changing into or becoming, indicates simultaneity, preposition indicates that two things are happening at the same time, especially that a particular sound or music accompanies another action, shut, into wind, adverb nautical into the direction from which the wind is blowing,

G1753 strong
From G1756; efficiency (“energy”): – operation, strong, (effectual) working.

Operation – surgical procedure, surgical treatment, surgery, process, action, act, procedure, maneuver, function, setup, outfit, undertaking, venture, business, company,

Working –effective, in force, operational, valid, working, applicable, effective, in effect, in operation, in use, at full strength, in floods, in throngs, in crowds, in strength, in their thousands, in large numbers, in their thousands,

From G1722 and G2041; active, operative: – effectual, powerful.

A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); “in”, at, (up-) on, by, etc.: – about, after, against, + almost, X altogether, among, X as, at, before, between, (here-) by (+ all means), for (. . . sake of), + give self wholly to, (here-) in (-to, -wardly), X mightily, (because) of, (up-) on, [open-] ly, X outwardly, one, X quickly, X shortly, [speedi-] ly, X that, X there (-in, -on), through (-out), (un-) to(-ward), under, when, where (-with), while, with (-in). Often used in compounds, with substantially the same import; rarely with verbs of motion, and then not to indicate direction, except (elliptically) by a separate (and different) prep.

From ἔργω ergō (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by implication an act: – deed, doing, labour, work.

A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.: – [abundant-] ly, against, among, as, at, [back-] ward, before, by, concerning, + continual, + far more exceeding, for [intent, purpose], fore, + forth, in (among, at unto, -so much that, -to), to the intent that, + of one mind, + never, of, (up-) on, + perish, + set at one again, (so) that, therefore (-unto), throughout, till, to (be, the end, -ward), (here-) until (-to), . . . ward, [where-] fore, with. Often used in composition with the same general import, but only with verbs (etc.) expressing motion (literally or figuratively.

ek  ex
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote): – after, among, X are, at betwixt (-yond), by (the means of), exceedingly, (+ abundantly above), for (-th), from (among, forth, up), + grudgingly, + heartily, X heavenly, X hereby, + very highly, in, . . . ly, (because, by reason) of, off (from), on, out among (from, of), over, since, X thenceforth, through, X unto, X vehemently, with (-out). Often used in composition, with the same general import; often of completion.

G4106 delusions

Delusion – illusion, hallucination, vision, mirage, figment of the imagination, fantasy, apparition, image, mistake, aberration, misconception, false impression, misunderstanding, misapprehension, fallacy, myth, superstition,

Feminine of G4108 (as abstraction); objectively fraudulence; subjectively a straying from orthodoxy or piety: – deceit, to deceive, delusion, error.
Of uncertain affinity; roving (as a tramp), that is, (by implication) an impostor or misleader: – deceiver, seducing.

Inlagt av Leif Berg©™

Ulf Ekman har kommit över en pärla?

Mystik religion i nya kläder, utstyrsel,

Nu kan vi läsa om hur Ulf Ekman, livets ord, fördjupar sina kunskaper i den katolska universella villoläran, han säger sig kommit över en riktig pärla!

Riktig – raffinerad, sofistikerad, utstuderad, subtil, spetsfundig, utspekulerad, advokatorisk, sinnrik, konstfärdig, hemlighetsfull, dunkel, gåtfull.

(skatt, pokulera rumla, skumma, mörka, dunkla, halvmörka, oupplysta, beslöjade, grumliga, matta, oklara, mystiska, misstänkta, ljusskygga, suspekta, tvivelaktiga, tvetydiga, obskyra)

Ulf är redan bundsförvant med det ortodoxa munkväsendet LO:s samarbete med Östanbäcks kloster, samt oas-rörelsen. Där deltar han i eukaristien (hostian).

”Aldrig har Gud i sin godhet givit änglarna sådan makt. Änglarna lyda Guds befallning, men prästerna taga HONOM i sina händer, utdela honom till de trogna och njuta honom själva som föda.”

Det kommer en nattvardsväckelse. Om det han [Daniel Viklund] profeterar är sant – och det tror jag att det är faktiskt – då kanske man måste ta redan på vad nattvarden är, och därför skrev jag den här boken [Tag och ät]. Jag tror den ger en hunger att möta Jesus rikt och starkt i nattvarden. Och då kan man lära av dom som har den ådran uppodlad, den flödar i deras liv och i deras sammanhang. Om man då inte vill det, så blir man lite separatistisk, och det tror jag inte är bra. Därför tror jag enheten tillför saker som legat deponerade i andra sammanhang än våra egna.

Det visar sig att han nu ytterligare fördjupar sig i den katolska mystikens djupa mörker!

Det är i gnosticismens fotspår Ulf vandrar på sina irrfärder för att söka stöd.

Spår – märke, avtryck, tecken, lämning, ledtråd, bana, räls, stig, led, fördjupning, siar, profeterar, förutsäger, utövar spådom, ställer horoskop, gissar, antar,

Nedan är en mängd länkar som visar det nätverk av mystiker, ordnar, och munkväsen som sprider sin gnostiska, antikristliga lära!

Som de själva gör reklam: livets ord – vart vägarna än bär!?

Vägarna – förbindelserna, lederna, vägförbindelserna, banorna, loppen, kurserna, riktningarna, färderna, resorna, vandringarna, sätten, medlen, metoderna, utvägarna, hänseendena, avseendena, aspekterna, syftningarna, anspelningarna,

Läs även om Tikva på Nyhemsveckan, Torp-konferensen och på Löttorp

yoga, avslappningsövningar, qigong och meditation, på Vineyard-konferensen 2009.

I detta påminner Tikva en hel del om den flödesbön som församlingen Arken erbjuder.

By the way: jag ser på Tikvas sida på Twitter att Ulf Ekman och Joyce Meyer ligger med som s.k. ”followers” på sidan. Det kanske också säger något?

Tor 17.30-18.00 Tikva Avslappning, Korskyrkan Örebro

Tor 18.00-18.30 Tikva Stretch, Korskyrkan Örebro
Tor 18.00-18.30 Tikva stretch, Betjäna staden/Citykyrkan, Sörbykyrkans lokaler (15 april-4 juni)

En riktig pärla.

Med jämna mellanrum kommer man över en bok som innehåller det man behöver läsa just nu. Häromdagen landade en sådan hos mig. Den heter “Sök friden och bevara den- en bok om hjärtats frid” av Jaques Philippe på förlaget Catholica. Kortfattat, 110 sidor, men pregnant handlar den om om hur viktigt det är att bevara vår inre frid och att låta allt i det kristna livet utgå därifrån.

Det är så lätt att bli missmodig över negativa omständigheter. Det är lätt att vi misströstar över att förändringar uteblir, att vi fylls av självömkan över det besvärliga i just vår lott, att vi vill fly från jobbiga omständigheter och inte ser hur Gud faktiskt verkar i och genom allt vi går igenom just här och nu. Vi kan fyllas av en felaktig längtan efter att allt borde vara annorlunda istället för att överlåta oss till vad Gud gör i oss nu, idag, i våra begränsade och ofta mycket bristfälliga omständigheter.

Man skulle kunna säga att detta är en en liten handbok i hur man lever i daglig överlåtelse och försakelse så att just det som händer nu blir det viktiga. Vi kan verkligen lätt leva i felaktig förnekelse, i flykt från nuet, i falska önskedrömmar och illusioner som saknar verklighetsförankring. Men den sanna verkligheten är Kristus och honom har vi alltid hos oss. Om tron på honom inte rotas i kärlek till honom och en intim relation med honom blir tron mekanisk och saknar den tillit som gör att man våga lita på honom i allt, även i ofullkomliga omständigheter.

Det kristna livet är och förblir en andlig kamp men man måste veta hur denna kamp skall utkämpas. Annars strider vi på fel stridsfält om fel saker och tappar bort vår frid. Risken är också att vi försöker vara perfekta och så tappar vi fullständigt modet när vi upptäcker att vi inte är det.  Vi blir så besvikna på oss själva när vi faller att vi inte reser oss igen utan kastar yxan i sjön, deprimerade över våra nederlag. Det finns verklig seger i Kristus men när vi missar och faller behöver vi inte bli fullständigt tröstlösa utan även i nederlaget överlåta oss till Jesus och förtrösta på hans förmåga att hjälpa oss och slutföra verket på sitt sätt i våra liv.

Vi måste vara uppmärksamma på inte bara vart vi vill nå i det andliga livet, att bli mer lika Jesus, men också hur vi skall nå dit. Irritation över andras och egna bristfälligheter och brist på tålamod med att framstegen verkar utebli hindrar den egna andliga utvecklingen.

Författaren går noggrant igenom vad det är som får oss att tappa friden och hur vi skall reagera på detta och det finns en mängd citat från andliga förebilder genom tiderna. Boken är verkligen full av guldkorn och jag rekommenderar den gärna.

Prayer: Father Jacques Philippe

Father – Vicar, the smooth-talking flatterer, influential, dominant, leading, prominent, high-ranking, eminent, superior, distinguished, illustrious, great, celebrated, lofty, exalted, central, main, leading, overriding, foremost, governing, principal, prevailing, major, chief, ascendant, domineering, bossy, heavy-handed, authoritarian, assertive, forceful, convincing, swaying, creep, crawler, sneak, steal, rector, monk, nun, Priest, Minister, Member of the clergy.

I’ve wanted to mention these two books for several weeks now, but always seem to forget. Their author is Father Jacque Philippe, a priest of the Community of the Beatitudes. Both books are well worth reading and have helped me in my prayer life. I hope you find them as valuable as I have.

Interior Freedom and Time for God

For a little background and to get a brief glimpse into Father Philippe’s approach to interior prayer, I suggest you read this interview on Xenit. In it Father Philippe discusses how true interior prayer differs from such practices as yoga or other types of meditiation common to many eastern religions.

See also

A quote

Prayer traditions from other religions, therefore, may be able to harmonize with Christianity, but in order to do so they need to be purified and appropriately grafted into the authentic spiritual vine, Christ himself. That can only happen with the guidance of the Holy Spirit through his chosen instrument, the Church.

A final observation. It is often frustrating to find Catholics searching energetically for exciting new spiritual practices, but searching everywhere except within the incredibly rich and abundant traditions of their own Catholic Church. This is one reason we started this website, to make at least a small effort to expose some of our Catholic treasures to modern Catholics who feel spurred on to a deeper spiritual life, but don’t know where to find tools that can help them respond.

Time for God – Book Recommendation

Posted on January 7th, 2010 by Dan Burke

Father Philippe begins this fantastic book by laying the foundations of the heart of Christian mental prayer and meditation – God’s grace. He then provides a very clear and helpful contrast between Christian prayer and conflicting spiritual traditions that have recently made their way into Catholic spirituality. Through the remainder of the book he does a masterful job of drawing from the rich depths of the Carmelite tradition (St. Teresa of Avila, St. John of the Cross, etc.) to provide a meaningful review of key principals of meditative prayer.

If you are seeking to better understand mental prayer, contemplation, how to deepen your own prayer life, how to overcome struggles with prayer, you can’t go wrong with Father Philippe’s faithful and coherent treatment of these topics.  This really is a must read for both spiritual directors and those seeking greater depths in their prayer lives.

Major topic headings for the book:

Mental Prayer is Not a Technique but a Grace

How to Use the Time of Mental Prayer

The Development of the Life of Prayer

Material Conditions for Mental Prayer

Some Methods of Mental Prayer

To purchase this book and support this site, click here

Seek Him – Find Him – Follow Him


PS: You might wonder why I have this book categorized in “Centering Prayer” and “PsuedoSpirituality.” The reason is that the book provides the most concise, coherent, and charitable treatment of the modern synthesis of Catholic and non-Christian prayer practices.

Synthesis – mixture, fusion, blend, combination, amalgamation, separation, production, creation, making, manufacture,

Meditative – preoccupied, lost in thought, faraway, out-of-the-way, off the beaten path, off the beaten track, remote, desolate, deserted, bleak, uninhabited, unoccupied, deserted, abandoned, vacant, desolate, isolated, empty, forsaken, wild, barren, dismal, depressing, gloomy, austere, forbidding, unwelcoming, grim, bleak, forlorn, miserable, depressed, inconsolable, wretched, shameful, vile, worthless, base, despicable, inferior, dejected, despondent, mournful, sad, isolated, dreamy engrossed, absorbed, deep in thought, mulling things over, miles away, pensive, distant,

Q: What is the fruit of interior prayer? And why is it important? Isn’t adherence to the sacraments enough?

Father Philippe: Interior prayer permits the sacramental life to be more fruitful, more alive, more intense. It is important because it is there that we see and endlessly deepen the most essential dimension of Christian life: the personal relationship of trust and love that is established between God and each of his children, the reciprocal exchange where we give ourselves to God and where God gives himself to us. According to Pope John Paul II in “Novo Millenio Ineunte,” this reciprocity is “the very substance and soul of the Christian life, and the condition of all true pastoral life.”

Reciprocity –mutuality, exchange, trade, interchange, switch, a relationship between people involving the exchange of goods, services, favours, or obligations, especially a mutual exchange of privileges between trading nations,

Exchange – Substitute, Trade, Barter, Replace, Switch, Switch over, Swap, Swap over, Chat, Talk, Discussion, Altercation, exchange, trade, replace, substitute, squabble, clash, wrangle, disagreement, tussle, Conversation, Argument,

Father Philippe: The life of prayer is much deeper than the intelligence or the senses can perceive?

See S:t Ignatius of Loyola another mystic

Saint Ignatius of Loyola (Basque: Loiolako Inazio, Spanish: Ignacio de Loyola) (1491[1] – July 31, 1556) was a Spanish knight from a Basque noble family, hermit, priest since 1537, and theologian, who founded the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) and became its first Superior General.[2]The Jesuits emerged during the Counter-Reformation in reaction of the Catholic Church against the theology of Protestantism.

Returning to Spain, he and his companions were occupied in Alcala with the task of making disciples of women called as witnesses by the Inquisition under the direction of magistrate Alonso Mejias. Although the alumbrados [Illuminated; Illuminati; Enlightened Ones] of Spain were linked in their zeal and spirituality to the Franciscan reforms of which Cardinal de Cisneros was a promoter,” the administrators of the Inquisition had mounting suspicions. These female disciples, Dona Leo, Dona Maria, and Dona Beatriz were so hysterically zealous that ”one fell senseless, another sometimes rolled about on the ground, another had been seen in the grip of convulsions or shuddering and sweating in anguish.” This suspicious activity had taken place while Ignatius and his companions were regularly preaching in public. Because of his ”street-corner perorations” being identified ”with the activities of the alumbrados,” Ignatius was naturally singled out for inspection as one of these visionaries; however he was later released.[17] After these adventurous activities, he studied at the ascetic Collège de Montaigu of the University of Paris, where he remained over seven years. In later life, he was often called ”Master Ignatius”. This title was due to his taking a master’s degree from the before-mentioned university at the age of forty-three.[18]

Master – a title used to address a man who is a religious leader or teacher, somebody or something controlling or influencing events or other things, an abstract idea or force that is thought of as having control or influence, She believes strongly that fate is the master of our lives. a man who owns or has control of a horse, dog, or other domesticated animal, master craftsman, in some games, a player who has reached a high level of achievement, especially in chess or bridge. Somebody whose philosophy or religious belief has attracted followers, Victor, somebody who defeats somebody else, comput a device or computer that controls the operation of one or more other connected devices or computers, a master plan, controlling the operation of everything or of all others, principal, biggest or primary among several, to become highly skilled in something or acquire a complete understanding of it, to break the will of a person or animal, masterless, masteries, complete control, total control over somebody or something.

Father General of the Jesuits

The Jesuits were a major factor in the Counter-Reformation.

Finding God In All Things

”Contemplation to Attain Love”, by Ignatius of Loyola

The Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius

Exposing Ignatius

Protestant and Catholic Reformation
Uploaded by raindeer on Aug 9, 2005

Protestant and Catholic Reformation

At the beginning of the 16th century, the Roman Catholic Church, modeled upon the bureaucratic structure of the Late Roman Empire, had become extremely powerful but internally corrupt. From early in the 12th century onward, there were calls for reform. Between 1215 and 1545, nine church-councils were held with church reforms as their primary intent, yet the councils all failed to reach significant accord. Around the beginning of the 16th century, the Roman Catholic Church experienced a wide range of social, artistic, and geo-political changes, which was termed the Reformation. Catholics and Protestants both demanded change; however, the way in which they fought for change differed immensely. The Protestant’s approach was aimed at undermining the Catholic Church politically, economically, and socially, whereas pressure from the Protestants forced the Catholics into constant struggle to bolster their own claims and improve their corrupt nature. With help from Ignatius of Loyola, Gian Matteo Giberti, and members of the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church launched a somewhat successful counter attack. However, the division of the universal Catholic Church would be the ultimate hardship that Catholics had to endure as a result of this awakening of new ideas. The battle to monopolize people’s beliefs would create a culture of religious pluralism, as it is known today.

The Reformation began on October 31, 1517, when a German monk named Martin Luther unwittingly sparked a revolution. The Catholic Church had been selling indulgences for the purpose of raising money, ”dirty” money that was used to carry out certain endeavors that they were interested in. For example, they sold a jubilee indulgence near Wittenburg Castle in order to generate funds for Saint Peter’s in Rome. Luther became disgusted with the Catholic Church’s practice of selling indulgences, thus he responded to his own inner aversion of this practice by posting a list of grievances against the Catholic Church, called The Ninety-Five Theses. Consequently, he started a religious revolution that came to be known as the Protestant Reformation. Luther’s teaching of Sola Fide successfully undermined the Catholic Church’s attempt to gain economic prosperity by means of remitting sins and shortening visits to purgatory for profit’s sake. He accomplished this by preaching that faith alone can bring salvation. He taught that man’s salvation is totally dependant upon God’s activity and is in no way conditioned by the action of man. Man’s choice of sin has rendered him incapable of spiritual action; he is spiritually dead, and unless he is rescued from a source outside himself, he would eternally perish in this state. These teachings caused great economic hardship for the Catholic Church by debasing their claims that indulgences eradicate sin from one’s life and eventually abolishing the sale of indulgences.

Johannes Gutenburg’s invention of the printing press allowed Luther’s reforms to spread throughout Europe. Before the printing press was invented, books and Bibles were very rare, and people thought that the Roman Catholic Church held the final authority concerning religion and God. Leaders of the Catholic Church not only possessed the few Bibles available, but also were the only ones who could interpret them since they were written in Latin and Hebrew. Only monks and highly educated people could read and interpret the languages. They even set laws that prohibited any persons other than the church to possess Bibles. If anyone else wanted to translate it, he or she had to translate it from the Catholic manuscripts and not from the original Hebrew or Latin texts. Protestant reform on the other hand, rejected visual imagery and insisted on primacy of the word. Therefore it was inevitable that mass production of Luther’s writings would effectively rally Protestants and bring a sense of rejuvenation to their cause, eventually subverting the politics of the Catholic Church. An understanding of simple economics makes this point quite clear in studying supply and demand. Europeans had gained an insatiable appetite for the Bible, thus scriptures began to appear everywhere in Europe. Protestants were now able to gain relatively easy access to the scripture. Given that the Catholic Church believed in a guided interpretation of the Bible, they derived interpretations of the Bible that were in their best interest. However, when Luther began teaching about receiving guidance from the Bible, ”Sola Scriptura” served as a useful tag to express that scripture ought to have authority over the church and not just within the church. In this fashion, Luther’s reforms successfully took root and the immediate split in the Roman Catholic Church was irreconcilable.

In attempt to expose the Catholic Church, Protestants helped moved along the wave of iconoclasm that swept through Europe, particularly in the North, and experienced great successes. This was a unique approach at undermining the Catholic Church. Protestants broke stained glass windows, destroyed images of saints and removed pipe organs from churches. They attacked the Catholic Church both economically and socially. The Protestants were trying to spread their belief that the word of God does not have to be shrouded in elaborate settings or images; the word of God can be taught anywhere. The Catholics responded to this iconoclasm with an exuberant style of art and architecture, which came to be known as the baroque. The baroque was in ideological opposition to Protestant severity. Relative successes can be seen in the theatrical designs present in modern day Catholic Churches. This is a triumphant symbol of the Roman Catholic Church’s belief in itself and its history. Furthermore, the plain churches of the North are remnants of Protestant beliefs and successes.

In opposition to Luther, the Jesuits, founded by Ignatius of Loyola, aggressively lead a campaign to support Catholic doctrine and to meet Protestant’s beliefs that God can be found in all things. The members of this order acted covertly within the Catholic Monarchies to exercise a strong influence in political spheres. Jesuit Priests often acted as confessors to major political leaders and thus won acclaim when Pope Paul III termed them the Society of Jesus. In addition, this society was founded at a time when the spiritual needs of the Catholic Church were being extended. Loyola offered up his assistance in even the most remote parts of the world. Perhaps his greatest accomplishment was the founding of schools that would train recruits for his order. The fact that he lived to see the establishment of nearly one hundred colleges and seminaries founded in the doctrine of St. Ignatius Loyola speaks to his success.

Alongside Loyola, another influential figure was Gian Matteo Giberti of Verona. His ideas, leadership, and approach to reform in the Catholic Church differed largely from that of Ignatius of Loyola. Giberti aimed his efforts at reforming his diocese, whose clergy was in a deplorable state. His objectives included rigorously enforcing vows, residency, and the pastoral duties of the clergy. The report from one of the tours of his parish was, ”The priests in this diocese are marked men, the unworthy are removed from their offices; the jails are full of their concubines; sermons for the people are preached incessantly and study is encouraged.” Furthermore, Giberti established a printing press in Verona, where he was able to turn out as well as produce in quantity, editions of the central works of Roman Catholicism. One can see that the printing press benefited both parties during the Reformation. Eventually his efforts at reform were crowned successful and he was beckoned by Pope Paul III to serve and make preparations for the Council of Trent.

Charles V strongly recommended that the papal Curia convene to resolve issues of internal dispute, and after many delays a council convened in Trent in December of 1545. Three basic issues were under examination; two involved broad resolves to clarify doctrinal issues in order to halt internal disputes and definitely solve the problem of ecclesiastical abuses among the clergy. The third issue was the initiation of a crusade against the infidels. Its objective was to defend against Luther’s teachings of Sola Scriptura and Sola Fide as well as mend its corrupt ways. Paul III lobbied to get widespread approval to condemn the Protestant heresy, and thereby gain support for a suppression of the reformers by force. However, in the end, the Council of Trent succeeded by not condoning violence, but simply by presenting a united front against the Protestants. The remnants of the Council of Trent include an established seminary system for the training of the clergy, establishing roman liturgy as the standard Catholic service, and condemnation of simony and the sale of indulgences. Furthermore, the Catholic Church reasserted its doctrines, placed faith on scripture as well as tradition, affirmed transubstantiation and the presence of Christ at mass (mass as sacrifice), conferred all authority to the Papacy, and fixed its seven sacraments. The Church at last proved it is capable of action, and subsequently reinforced its representation of the orthodox faith.

The Reformation’s lasting impacts on the world will never be forgotten. To this day scholars debate certain aspects of it and they will continue to debate until Judgment Day. Before and during the years of the Reformation, exploration and westward colonization experienced broadened horizons and consequently was able to relieve certain pressures among warring factions in Europe. Transformations in political, economic, religious, and social fronts were experienced worldwide. When studying the Reformation, one must ultimately keep in mind that there was no correct solution in solving the disputes amongst the Protestants and Catholics, for there were corrupt men and women residing on both sides of the struggle, but it was the lasting corrections that we have come to understand in this day and age that must be remembered. The Protestant Church fought with exhausting effort to clean up religious corruption and the Catholic Church stood strong in addressing its own beliefs and fallacies. Despite the ultimate division of the Catholic Church, the feeling of religious pluralism that ensued enabled us to witness religious freedom this day.


II. The Society of Jesus

The Society of Jesus, better known as the Jesuits, stands as one of the church’s most outstanding expressions of the Catholic Reformation. Ignatius Loyola, a former Spanish soldier of fortune, founded this order as a reforming society.

Loyola (1491-1556) served his King and Queen well as a soldier. He read widely of the romance of chivalry but as a soldier was a typical rough, crude man. During a military campaign a cannonball struck him, severely wounding him. One leg ended up shorter than the other ending his military career. Since he had no access to romantic literature in hospital, he read religious material. So entranced was he that he decided to serve the ”queen of heaven” since he could no longer serve his earthly queen.

After his release from the hospital, Loyola went to Paris where he entered the famous University of Paris. Because of his age he felt somewhat out of place among the younger men on campus. His devotion and leadership skills soon caused a group to gather around him. Among them was Francis Xavier. This small ”campus ministry” became the nucleus for the Jesuit order.

The Pope approved the order’s formation in 1540 and made responsible only to himself. No Bishop or Archbishop could supervise Jesuits, they answered only to the Pope. Jesuits became the church’s militia for recovering Europe from heresy. Jesuits formed the backbone of the Inquisition. Contemporaries described them as fanatics who beheaded kings if it furthered the church’s cause. They’re probably right!

Loyola instituted innovations which made their work highly effective. He did away with a number of medieval practices. For example, he discarded the Mendicant Orders’ habits and uniform dress. He completely restructured the liturgy. He abandoned democratic government by organizing his society into a militaristic regime. Loyola’s followers maintained a fierce loyalty to him, as general of the Order, and Loyola answered only to the Pope. He also introduced ”simple” vows which a recruit could drop should one decide to leave the order. His order required a strict training period to acquaint the new Jesuit with the order’s spirit. An inductee first went through ”first probation” which served as an orientation period. The novice then served two years in ”noviceship” which was devoted to self-denial. The Candidate then entered ”tertianship,” another period of self-denial after which he was a full member of the order.

The Jesuit order was successful by any standard. When Loyola died in 1556 over 1,000 Jesuit missionaries worked throughout the world. Canisius labored in Germany and reclaimed southern Germany for Catholicism. Xavier worked in Asia, India and as far east as Japan. Jesuits even followed the Conquistadores into America. Working out of encomiendas, a large estate centered around a school and a church, the Jesuits reached (enslaved) thousands of Indians. Catholic missionaries, some of whom were Jesuits, traveled throughout North America. Jesuits even had influential missionary works in Canada.

A must read

The Jesuits are a Military Religious Order of the Roman Catholic Church

History of the Jesuits

Alumbrado Spanish mystic group

During the sixteenth century, European scholars and intellectuals heatedly debated the assortment of new ideas and interpretations of religious reformers many of which directly confronted the hegemony of the Roman Catholic Church

Throughout most of Europe this clash between tradition and reform moved quickly from the university to the battlefield. Spain was the great exception. In the lands of the Most Catholic Kings, heresy never found a foothold. Although sixteenth-century Spaniards remained essentially indifferent to the innovations in religious ideas that divided their European counterparts, contemporary historians have spent an enormous amount of time and effort researching those exceptional few who were persecuted for such beliefs, either real or perceived.

The most famous of the heretical Spanish sects were the alumbrados, a small group of intellectuals ”illuminated by the Holy Spirit” who, among other ideas, espoused a search for a more internal religion marked by dejamiento, the complete submission of the self to God. Alastair Hamilton has undertaken the daunting task of producing a survey in English of the alumbrado heresy.

In the introduction he advances very ambitious goals for a small book on a topic which, as Hamilton admits, has already yielded a considerable amount of scholarship. In fewer than one hundred and thirty pages, he intends to discuss the spiritual and intellectual climate from which the alumbrados sprang, the people involved, their beliefs, their trials, their relationship to other heresies, and the way the term was used into the eighteenth century.

Hamilton has made a serious attempt at a formidable task. The book provides a sufficient summary of a very diffuse movement, an interesting reconstruction of the relationships between the protagonists, and a coherent narrative of the persecution. He also demonstrates how the term alumbrado became a catch phrase for all types of heresies during this period. According to Hamilton, the Inquisition, which had been established to deal with Judaizers, did not have the vocabulary to describe such diverse innovations in sixteenth-century spirituality as Erasmianism, Lutheranism, or even the works of Ignatius Loyola.

However, the effort is hampered by the scope of his ambitions. The book is divided into numerous small sections that provide only curt discussions of each topic and are not connected by the necessary transitions. Furthermore, Hamilton’s interpretation is confusing, because as he demonstrates the widespread use of alumbradismo as an accusation of heresy, he does not present sufficient explanations of the differences between these other intellectual and spiritual movements and the alumbrados. By the end of the book, the reader can no longer distinguish those people who actually espoused alumbrado ideals from those whose ideas were merely attacked as being alumbradismo such as Juan de Valdes, Bartolome Carranza, and Juan de Avila.

Hamilton’s conclusion is very weak. He points the reader towards a ”what might have been” evaluation of the alumbrados that might be construed as counterfactual

. Additionally, he skims over the primary issue that has perplexed other historians, why alumbradismo disappeared so quickly while similar heresies persisted in other parts of Europe. Most historians have attributed the Spaniard’s apathy towards innovative religious ideals to the power of the Inquisitional apparatus. However, alumbradismo had internal weaknesses. As Hamilton concedes, the doctrine of the alumbrados was formless and contradictory”, and the movement centered around no central figure. As a result, once the persecutions began, adherents could rely on neither the charisma of a zealous leader nor the constant devotion of its followers

. Other factors surely influenced its decline. Rather than delving deeper into the workings of this tiny group, further study of the traditional beliefs with which alumbradismo had to contend might provide a more fruitful context for understanding this enigmatic sect.

Enigmatic sect – mysterious, unknowable, inscrutable, unfathomable, deep, profound, bottomless, unsounded, unplumbed, immeasurable, vast, impenetrable, inscrutable, incomprehensible, unknowable, indecipherable, arcane, enigmatic, mysterious, inexplicable,

The Carmelite

Göran Skytte & Wifrid Stinissen
Ansikte mot ansikte. Samtal om kristen tro »

Anders Arborelius
Karmelit och Katolska Kyrkans biskop i Sverige.

Rosenkransen. Karmelitnunnorna ber rosenkransens mysterier



Anders Arborleius o.c.d

I eukaristin möter vi den kristna trons fullhet. Hela Guds treeniga mysterium är verksamt där för att förvandla hela vårt mänskliga mysterium. Liksom bröd och vin förvandlas till Kristi lekamen och blod, förvandlas människan av det hon äter: hon blir allt fastare inlemmad i Kristi mystiska lekamen, i Kyrkan, och får där i allt högre grad del i Guds treeniga liv.

Biskop Arborelius besökte Livets Ord

– Ämnen som ”enhet bland troende”, ”Maria” och ”Påven” togs också upp under kvällen. Sveriges framtid kom även på tal i slutet av kvällen.
– Jag tror att det finns ett stråk i den svenska folksjälen som är öppen för Gud, men det har inte riktigt slagit ut i blom än, sade biskop Arborelius.
– Vi kan som Kristi kropp bli enhetliga vittnen så att människor kan se Gud, sade pastor Ulf Ekman och tillade avslutningsvis:
Det har varit underbart att få sitta och samtala tillsammans med en så genuin, kristen broder.–

En mystiker besöker Livets ord för femte gången! Benny Hinn

Arborelius bok säljs på torp konferensen EFK,+Anders++Karmelit,+katolsk+b..-bok-till-salu-4242916_1.htm

Den Liberala Katolska Kyrkan

Ett hem för andliga sökare

Längtar Du efter innerlig andakt och djup mystik men samtidigt önska behålla din intellektuella frihet?

Då är kanske den Liberala Katolska Kyrkan (LKK) något för Dig.

LKK baserar sina gudstjänster på urkristenhetens sakramentala och mystiska grund, men ger sina medlemmar frihet att tolka skrifterna på egna och personliga sätt.

LKK är en fristående internationell kyrka utan några band till den romerskkatolska kyrkan eller något annat samfund.
Respekt för andra kyrkor och religioner är dock ett framträdande drag hos LKK.

LKK:s medlemmar eftersträvar en dialog med alla andliga sökare.

Utdrag ur deras lära:

Världen är skådeplatsen för en ordnad plan, enligt vilken människans ande, genom att hon upprepade gånger uttrycker sig själv under varierande levnadsvillkor och erfarenheter, ständigt utvecklar sina krafter. Detta andliga framträdande äger rum under en okränkbar lag om orsak och verkan, ”Vad människan sår, det skall hon ock skörda” (Gal. 6:7). Hennes göranden och låtanden i varje fysisk inkarnation bestämmer i stor utsträckning hennes erfarenheter efter döden i den mellanliggande världen (eller reningens värld) och i den himmelska världen och påverkar i hög grad förhållandena vid hennes nästa födelse. Människan är en länk i en vidsträckt livskedja, som sträcker sig från det högsta till det lägsta.
Så som hon hjälper dem som står lägre, så får hon hjälp av dem som står ovan henne på livsstegen, sålunda erhållande en fri nådegåva. Det finns ett de Heligas Samfund av rättfärdiga, fullkomnade människor eller helgon, som hjälper människosläktet. Det finns en ordnad skara av styrande änglar.

Det är människans plikt att lära sig urskilja det gudomliga ljuset inom sig själv och andra,–

Det finns sju kyrkobruk som kan räknas som sakrament, nämligen Dopet, Konfirmationen, den Heliga Eukaristien, Avlösningen, den Heliga Smörjelsen, Äktenskapet och de Heliga Ordinationerna. Läran om dessa sakrament är i tillräcklig stor utsträckning framställd i Liberala Katolska Kyrkans liturgi. Kristus, det levande överhuvudet i denna kyrka som Han grundat, är den verklige utdelaren av alla sakrament.—


Liberala Katolska Kyrkan strävar att förena den katolska gudstjänstformen – dess mäktiga ritual, dess djupa mysticism och dess vittnesbörd om de sakramentala nådegåvornas verklighet – med det vidaste mått av tankefrihet och hänsyn till individens samvete.

– Kyrkan framhåller, att en teologi kan rättfärdiga sig och ha varaktigt värde endast i den mån som den kan motstå ständig omprövning i ljuset av den framåtskridande mänskliga kunskapen och individuellt andligt uppvaknande; en sådan teologi är av teosofins natur. Teosofi (grekiska för ”gudomlig visdom”) skiljer sig från teologi därigenom, att den framhäver betydelsen av varje individs strävan mot andlig förståelse grundad på personlig erfarenhet ( gnosis eller sophia ) i motsats till dogmatiska påbud beträffande speciella skrifttolkningar, som kan vara begränsade genom människans världsliga kunskap under en viss historisk period. Medan vissa högre läror alltid tillhör uppenbarelsens område, eftersom de ligger bortom vår fattningsförmåga och insikt, finns det andra närmare liggande läror, som kan undersökas och verifieras, och även vidareutvecklas, av de människor som uppnått större andlig mognad. Människan, som till sitt väsen är gudomlig, kan slutligen lära känna den gudom vars liv hon delar och genom att gradvis under successiva liv utveckla de gudomliga förmågor som är förborgade i henne, kan hon tillväxa i kunskap om universum, som i sig självt är uttrycket för det gudomliga livet. Denna väg att närma sig den gudomliga sanningen har sedan Ammonius Sakkas’ tid i 3:e århundradet e.Kr. kallats teosofi och är densamma som de hinduiska Upanishadernas urgamla Brahmavidya eller buddhisternasdhyana (kinesiska Ch’an, japanska Zen). Den har sitt fulla stöd i den Heliga Skrift. Termen ”teosofi” har ständigt framträtt i den religiösa tankevärlden såväl i Öst som Väst och den innebär inte endast mysticismen, utan också den eklektiska (sammanställande, utväljande) filosofin, som står att finna inom all religion. –

– Liberala Katolska Kyrkan tror att det finns en kärna av läror och mystisk erfarenhet som är samfälld för alla religioner och som inte kan påstås vara någons speciella egendom. Liberala Katolska Kyrkan är verksam inom kristendomens område och betraktar sig som en klart kristen kyrka, men anser inte desto mindre att de övriga stora världsreligionerna är gudomligt inspirerade och att de alla är utflöden från samma källa, om än olika religioner framhäver olika sidor av samma grundtankar.

Somliga aspekter på dessa kan temporärt falla i glömska. Grundlärorna vilar på sitt eget inneboende värde. De utgör den sanna katolska tro som är katolsk emedan den är framställningen av allomfattande principer i naturen. S:t Augustinus skrev: ”Det som vi nu kallar den kristna religionen existerade hos våra förfäder och har inte saknats från människosläktets begynnelse till stunden för Kristi ankomst i köttet från vilken tid den sanna religionen, som redan fanns, började kallas kristen”: (Retract. I, XIII:3). Samma princip innefattas i den välkända förklaringen av S:t Vincent av Lerins: ”Id teneamus quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus creditum est: hoc etenim vere proprieque catholicum”, (”Låt oss hålla fast vid det som överallt, alltid och av alla varit trott, ty detta är sannerligen och rätteligen katolskt.” (Commonitorium kap. 2 (4).) Liberala Katolska Kyrkan söker följaktligen inte omvända människor från en religion till en annan.

– Liberala Katolska Kyrkan lämnar sina medlemmar frihet i tolkningen av trosbekännelser, heliga skrifter och traditionen samt av dess liturgi och lärosammanfattning.—

– Huvudvikten lägges snarare på prästernas uppgifter som förmedlare av de gudomliga sakramenten och förvaltare av Guds mysterier, och de är redo att så långt det är rimligen möjligt stå till tjänst för dem som påkallar deras hjälp.–

Mysticism och översinnliga erfarenheter

Inom ramen för sin undervisning innesluter Liberala Katolska Kyrkan allt som är gott och sant på den vetenskapliga kunskapens växande område. Den välkomnar nya studier av människans psyke inkluderande psykologi, översinnligt varseblivande och psykisk forskning.

Rosenkransen t.ex. inom Carmel

Radband Hinduism, Buddism, Islam, Maria dyrkan

See Gnosticism Beliefs|7308|gnostic%20catholic%20church||C|b|5099963597&gclid=CMGSpLrixaI

The Final Antichrist – Who and What


Many want to know: “Who is the Antichrist?” The Bible actually reveals that two final antichrists will arise before Jesus Christ returns. Learn the facts—including four distinct teachings by which you can identify antichrist!


Sakrament, Peter Halldorf och ekumenik.

De katolska dogmerna är inget annat än gärningslära, falsk religiositet och vidskepelse.”

Detta tar Ekman avstånd från idag, och välkomna den ena katolska förkunnaren efter den andra, och på hans universitet är det idag många inslag av katolska professorer och lärare.

Årets EUropakonferens får besök av ”påvens riddare” Charles Whitehead, som slogs till riddare av påve Johannes Paulus II i 2003. Jag avslutar denna text med delar av det citat jag nämnde ovanför, och lovar att jag kommer tillbaka till Ulf Ekmans tidigare tankar runt den romersk katolska kyrkan, och hans flirtande med den idag.

Vad är Ulf Ekmans egentliga mål med det han gör?

”Angående Livets Ords förhållande till katolska kyrkan så är det viktigt att påpeka att vi talar om och har upplevt betydelsen av en större öppning gentemot alla historiska kyrkor, inte bara en.

Detta är någonting Herren verkligen har manat oss till. De har alla något väsentligt som vi behöver och vi tror också att vi har ett viktigt bidrag. Att eftersträva en större enhet är dessutom bibliskt. Till sist bör man kanske tänka på att vi faktiskt delar vårt ursprung, vår historia, våra centrala dogmer, den moraliska grunden och även vår karismatiska erfarenhet med många historiska kyrkor. Det finns faktiskt mer som förenar oss än som skiljer oss. Guds kärlek får oss att se mer på det som förenar. I vår tid kommer vi att få se av Anden givna strategiska allianser bland kristtrogna som älskar Jesus, tror på Bibeln och vill ha väckelse, i de mest oanade sammanhang, för att den kristna tron skall bevaras och Guds rike utbredas med kraft.”

Torpkonferens 2010 När det religiösa täckelset faller!

Slutligen några kommentarer från Ulf Ekmans blogg

Per Kårhammer säger:
20100424 (20:56)

Kan tipsa om en annan riktig pärla, som är högaktuell i denna tid: “Ekumenismen och Bibeln” av David Hedegård. Eller som den ursprungliga titeln på boken var från första upplagan: “Söderblom, Påven och det stora avfallet”.

jasmine säger:
20100430 (20:27)

Hej Ulf Ekman. BRUKAR du läsa böcker från förlaget CATHOLICA?

En undran Ulf: Står du för detta förlag och dess produkter? Det = ett KATOLSKT (enbart)Förlag.

Och, det kan ju alla utläsa i förlagsnamnet. MEN det är kanske det du vill, Ulf. Du vill “sticka ut” och nu börja visa tydligare den väg du för ett antal år sedan slagit in på.

Så när du talar i tidningar, böcker, talarstolar etc så är du även inspirerad av katolska läror.

Du skriver…”
det finns en mängd citat från andliga förebilder genom tiderna. Boken är verkligen full av guldkorn och jag rekommenderar den gärna.”


Ulf du har i blogg 26/3 skrivit ang recensioner:

“Jag läser recensioner med lite blandat intresse. Jag läser dem inte heller så ofta. Däremot läser jag rätt mycket böcker, men jag tycker mest om att botanisera och upptäcka själv eller gå på personliga rekommendationer.

Recensioner är ju egentligen bara en enda människas åsikt och omdöme och kan ju därför inte tillmätas för mycket intresse. På sin höjd en intressant partsinlaga.”

Du beskriver ATT en recension ju bara = en enda människas åsikt och omdöme och därför inte kan tillmätas för mycket intresse!

Ska vi vara sanningsenliga, SÅ ÄR DET LIKADANT MED DIN BLOGG. DET ÄR ENDAST DIN ÅSIKT OCH DITT OMDÖME ULF SOM BLOGGINNEHÅLLET BESKRIVER. Så bör inte den heller tillmätas för mycket intresse. Eller hur, det är ju endast din PARTSINLAGA.

Vi måste ju vara klarsynta och förstå detta. Samma regler gäller för en bloggare.

Nu till din VÄN Alf Härdelin, katolik och den bok som du ansåg vara bra. Du gillade inte någons recension som beskrev Alf som besviken och bitter – för du klarade inte att någon var negativ emot din vän.

En fråga: Rekommenderar Du Ulf, de böcker som Alf Härdelin skrivit??

Ex följande:
“Alla släkten ska prisa mig salig” och handlar om Maria. Skriven av Alf Härdelin.

OCH: Rekommenderar Du Ulf, de böcker som Catholica ger ut? Det är enbart katolikböcker.

Ex “Det heliga skrinet”…
Det heliga skrinet syftar på jungfru Maria men även på altaret, tabernaklet, monstransen och relikskrinet. Här presenteras klassiska motiv som bebådelsen, inkarnationen, den sörjande modern och Marias upptagelse till himmelen…”

Ex i “frälsarens moder”..Påven Johannes Paulus II:s valspråk totus tuus – HELT DIN! är en KÄRLEKsförklaring till MARIA. Det visar, att han ser hela sitt uppdrag som påve i Marias ljus…”

Ex i “himlarnas drottning”…

Scott Hahn i Himlarnas drottning på de små men viktiga detaljer som visar att Maria är den ”nya Eva” precis som Jesus är den ”nye Adam”.

…”lärorna om Maria: hennes obefläckade AVLELSE, eviga jungfrulighet, upptagning till himlen och kröning.”

Josémaria Escrivá,(OpusDei-grundaren och där idag en av Anders Arborelius medarbetare finns, jorge)
har skrivit boken ROSENKRANSEN….

“Att läsa den heliga rosenkransen i det att man betraktar hemligheterna, upprepar bönerna Fader vår och hell dig Maria, lovprisar den heliga Treenigheten och IHÄRDIGT ÅKALLAR GUDS MODER”.. skriver Josémaria.

5-I-TOPP på Catholicaförlaget är i nuläget:
– Sök friden och bevara den – en bok om hjärtats frid
– Rosenkransen
– En bok om Rosenkransen och dess mysterier
– Rosenkransen (CD)
– Maximilian Kolbe

Så Ulf, du är i sällskap med ROSENKRANSBÖCKER!
Och i dessa så finns böner till Maria.

Vissa försöker säga ATT så inte sker, men katoliker och nunnor/munkar BER TILL HELIGA MARIA OCH SÄGER EX VAR HÄLSAD MARIA OCH BED FÖR OSS SYNDARE och ber om hennes förböner.

De ser Maria som förebedjare, medlare och förebild ….detta finns att läsa i katolikers egna beskrivningar och har även hört på DVD, en nunna be till “heliga Maria”.

Och som Göran Skytte ( från ett av alla hans klosterbesök)beskriver nunnor som varje dag ber: “Sankta Maria, Sankta Maria…”

CATHOLICA har böcker om helgon, ökenfäder, mediationer, eukaristin, ikoner, kontemplation, katekes, Maria etc….

Är dessa kategorier böcker som du, Ulf Ekman rekommenderar?

Såg i ovanstående en kommenterare AndreasL att han skrev om din bok Andliga rötter.
Nu är detta ju egentligen “ingen bok – det är ju en samling artiklar från Keryx” där utbetalning redan skett i form av prenumeranter.

Och nu ges dessa artiklar ut och i bokform och en dyr inbunden bok.
Och titeln ger ju sken av att vara någon slags historiebok. MEN så är ju inte fallet.

Utan i ärlighetens namn Ulf, så faller boken under dina egna funderingar angående recensioner dvs EN ENDA PERSONS EGNA REFLEKTIONER OCH FUNDERINGAR. En parts-inlaga.

Du vågar inte säga att det är “livetsOrd-teologi” utan dina egna tankar.

Och Andliga rötter gillas nog i Sv Kyrkan och bland katoliker.

Kanske en bok att ge ut på Catholica… 🙂

Jag håller mig till ämnet i bloggen. Men jag är skakad och besviken över din förändring, Ulf Ekman.

Du skulle INTE känna igen dig själv OM du intervjuade Ulf Ekman från ca 1983-2000

Med allvarligt-funderande hälsningar, Jasmine

Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica

The gnostic creed

A creed is a statement of belief—usually religious belief—or faith. The word derives from the Latin credo for ”I believe”. The creed of Ecclesia Gnostica Catholica—also known as the Gnostic Creed—is recited in the Gnostic Mass, during the Ceremony of the Introit.

The text of the Creed is as follows:

I believe in one secret and ineffable LORD; and in one Star in the Company of Stars of whose fire we are created, and to which we shall return; and in one Father of Life, Mystery of Mystery, in His name CHAOS, the sole viceregent of the Sun upon the Earth; and in one Air the nourisher of all that breathes.

And I believe in one Earth, the Mother of us all, and in one Womb wherein all men are begotten, and wherein they shall rest, Mystery of Mystery, in Her name BABALON.

And I believe in the Serpent and the Lion, Mystery of Mystery, in His name BAPHOMET.

And I believe in one Gnostic and Catholic Church of Light, Life, Love and Liberty, the Word of whose Law is THELEMA.

And I believe in the communion of Saints.

And, forasmuch as meat and drink are transmuted in us daily into spiritual substance, I believe in the Miracle of the Mass.

And I confess one Baptism of Wisdom whereby we accomplish the Miracle of Incarnation.

And I confess my life one, individual, and eternal that was, and is, and is to come.


Explication of the Creed

The first six articles profess several beliefs by the congregants. The remaining two are confessions. The Creed ends with the Thelemic form of the Pranava, equivalent to the sacred Vedic syllable ”Aum” or to the “Amen” of the Judaeo-Christian tradition. On the basic form of the Creed, Tau Apiryon and Helena (1998) write:

The first 4 clauses are attributed to the four letters of Tetragrammaton YHVH: the Father (Chaos); the Mother (Babalon); the Union of Father and Mother in the Son (Baphomet); and the Daughter, the Bride of the Son (the Church). The two following clauses describe the essential products of the Mass from the perspective of the congregation. The final two clauses are in the form of confession rather than belief and describe parallels between the occurrences in the Mass and the life of the individual.

The six articles of belief in the Creed can also be seen as corresponding with certain elements in the Gnostic Mass:

The Lord: The Priest

One Star: the Deacon

Chaos: the Lance (of the Priest)

Air: the Sword (of the Priestess)

One Earth: the Paten

One Womb: the Cup

Babalon: the Priestess

Baphomet: the Eucharist

The Church: the Congregation

The Miracle: the consumption and ingestion of the Eucharist, called a Cake of Light.


Själens dunkla natt

Den helige Johannes av Korset är allra mest känd som den dunkla nattens mystiker. Detta gör honom evigt aktuell, men alldeles särskilt i vår tid. Den svenska översättningen av Själens dunkla natt kommer nu ut i sin fjärde upplaga, medan den första upplagan av hans ”ljusare” böcker (Andlig sång och Levande kärlekslåga) ännu inte blivit slutsåld. Många känner igen något av sig själva i Johannes beskrivning av den dunkla natten. I ett brev till karmelitordens general (14 dec 1990) talade påven Johannes Paulus II om en kollektiv dunkel natt. Guds skenbara frånvaro – ”skenbar” eftersom Gud i verkligheten aldrig kan vara frånvarande – som plågar mystikerna under vissa krisperioder, har blivit en allmän erfarenhet. Gud är inte längre någon självklar verklighet som löser alla problem och besvarar alla frågor.

Många människor upplever tillvaron som en dunkel natt, ja som ett helvete. Det är säkert inte alltid Johannes av Korsets dunkla natt i dess egentliga bemärkelse. Ändå finns vissa gemensamma element. Och de som råkar få helgonets bok i händerna, känner igen en hel del av sig själva. Man kan alltså tala om en viss universalisering av natten, förutsatt att vi tar begreppet ”dunkel natt” i en utvidgad betydelse.

Trots att Johannes av Korset skildrar erfarenheten av att-vara-utan-Gud i de mörkaste färger och med hjälp av många citat från profeterna och framför allt Job, är hans bok ändå en ”liber consolationum”, en tröstens bok. I detta avseende liknar den Uppenbarelseboken. Den som läser Själens dunkla natt till slut känner sig ”tröstad”. Och trösten består i att mörkret blir genomskinligt. Fysiskt och psykiskt lidande, ångest, ensamhet, allt får en mening. Allt detta är Gud i full aktivitet. Det som verkar vara tecken på Guds frånvaro är i själva verket tecken på hans intensiva, man skulle nästan säga alltför intensiva, närvaro. Det är helgonets stora förtjänst att han så tydligt visar att kontakten med Gud nödvändigtvis leder till natt. Natten är inte något pedagogiskt trick som Gud funnit på. Det rör sig här om en inre nödvändighet. Gud är ljus som bländar, eld som förtär.

Men liksom vi äter Kristi kropp och dricker hans blod under brödets och vinets gestalt, så kan Guds bländande ljus också träffa oss under gestalten av plågsamma omständigheter: sjukdom, dödsfall, ålderdomens avtacklande, förödmjukelser, misslyckanden, en skilsmässa, psykiska svårigheter. Allt som gör människan liten, allt som ”störtar härskare från deras troner”, kan bidra till den slutgiltiga förvandlingen. Människan måste bli gudomlig. Det gamla livet skall dö för att det nya skall kunna uppstå.

Andra kunder som köpte denna boken har också köpt följande titlar:

Bestigningen av berget Karmel

Den inre friheten

Chant – Music for Paradise

Kontemplativ bön

Första stegen på bönens väg

Alla släkten skall prisa mig salig

Maria, jungfrun, Jesu moder, hon som kyrkan vågar kalla också för Guds moder, därför att hon födde den enastående till världen, finns på många bilder och i många texter. Ibland skildras hon där nästan övernaturligt vacker, ibland i stort armod, hon kan utstråla glädje, men också vara den medlidande och plågade, hon är ibland den mer än alla andra människor benådade, ibland ställföreträdaren, förebedjaren och förebilden för andra.

Professor Alf Härdelin, känd förmedlare av kristen tanke och kultur från olika tider, presenterar här en samling Marialyrik från många århundraden. Mentalitet och sensibilitet växlar. Formerna och genrerna och stilarna varierar. Här finns diktning för gudstjänstens sång, men också för den folkliga andakten och den enskilda meditationen. Kanske är det en fördel, att orden är skrovliga snarare än söta, att det handlar om djupa och outgrundliga mysterier som utmanar tanken snarare än om lättillgängliga ytor som det är alltför lätt att tanklöst bejaka. Maria blir sannare på det viset, och kanske mera nödvändig.

Andra kunder som köpte denna boken har också köpt följande titlar:

Himlarnas Drottning

Jungfru Marias upptagning i himmelen

Kontemplativ bön

Maria försoningens moder

En bok om Rosenkransen och dess mysterier

En bok om Rosenkransen och dess mysterier


Föreningen Maria Immaculata

Andra kunder som köpte denna boken har också köpt följande titlar:


Katolsk Bönbok

Ikonernas Rosenkrans

Katolska Kyrkans Katekes

Lammets måltid – mässan som himlen på jorden

Himlarnas Drottning

Kort inledning till katolicismens grundtankar

Himlarnas Drottning


Scott Hahn

Översatt av:

Håkan Hammarén

De flesta kristna vet att Jesu liv finns förebådat överallt i det Gamla testamentet. Genom att noga undersöka Bibeln, men också verk av både katolska och protestantiska forskare, visar Scott Hahn i Himlarnas drottning på de små men viktiga detaljer som visar att Maria är den ”nya Eva” precis som Jesus är den ”nye Adam”. Han avslöjar mysteriet om Maria i hjärtat av Uppenbarelseboken och visar hur samma mysterium finns förutsagt på Bibelns allra första sidor, i Första Moseboken, och i berättelsen om kung Davids regeringstid.

Med detta bibliska och historiska underlag ger Hahn oss en ny syn på lärorna om Maria: hennes obefläckade avlelse, eviga jungfrulighet, upptagning till himlen och kröning. Medan författaren guidar läsaren genom avsnitt fyllda av mysterier och poesi, hjälper han dem också att återupptäcka den gamla konsten och vetenskapen om hur man skall läsa den Heliga Skrift för att få en mera grundläggande förståelse för Skriftens tillförlitlighet och betydelse för den kristna tron.

Himlarnas drottning är skriven i den tillgängliga och underhållande stil som är Scott Hahns signum. Det är en viktig bok eftersom den visar på Marias viktiga roll i kristenhetens budskap om försoning.

Scott Hahn är en internationellt erkänd katolsk föreläsare och apologet. Han är professor i teologi vid Franciskan University i Steubenville. Bland hans böcker kan nämnas The Lamb´s Supper(Lammets måltid, Catholica 2003); A Father Who Keeps His Promises samt Rome Sweet Home, bästsäljaren han skrev tillsammans med sin fru om deras konvertering till katolicismen. Han bor i Steubenville, Ohio, i USA.

-> Läs ett kapitel ur boken!

Andra kunder som köpte denna boken har också köpt följande titlar:

På väg till Jesus Kristus

En bok om Rosenkransen och dess mysterier

Jungfru Marias upptagning i himmelen


Ikonernas Rosenkrans

Min typ av moder – Gud är som Gud gör.

Låt oss bli metafysiska. – spekulativa, abstrakta, övernaturliga, magiska, mystiska, oförklarliga, metafysiska, översinnliga, överjordiska, övermänskliga, kolossala, fantastiska, enorma, jättelika, översinnliga, sublima, eteriska, andliga,

Se där den karismatiska, ekumeniska röran, kaoset!

Inlagt av Leif Berg

The Reformation View of Roman Catholicism

The Reformation View of Roman Catholicism

From the works of Martin Luther (1483-1546)

What is the whole papacy but a beautiful false front and a deceptively glittering holiness under which the wretched devil lies in hiding? The devil always desires to imitate God in this way. He cannot bear to observe God speaking. If he cannot prevent it or hinder God’s Word by force, he opposes it with a semblance of piety, takes the very words God had spoken and so twist them as to peddle his lies and poison under their name. (What Luther Says, II: 10007)

Since the papal church not only neglects the command of Christ but even compels the people to ignore it and to act against it, it is certain that it is not Christ’s church but the synagogue of Satan which prescribes sin and prohibits righteousness. It clearly and indisputably follows that it must be the abomination of Antichrist and the furious harlot of the devil. (What Luther Says, II: 1019)

The negotiation about doctrinal agreement displeases me altogether, for this is utterly impossible unless the pope has his papacy abolished. Therefore avoid and flee those who seek the middle of the road. Think of me after I am dead and such middle-of-the-road men arise, for nothing good will come of it. There can be no compromise. (What Luther Says, II: 1019)

Let him who does not want to be lost and go to the devil be on his guard with all diligence and earnestness against the papacy and its doctrine, and let him never again accept even the most insignificant and smallest part of the papacy’s teaching, no matter what it may cost him. Let him flee from the papacy and its following as from the devil incarnate himself, and let him by no means be silenced by the sweet, slippery words of hypocrites or be persuaded that yielding and conceding something for the sake of peace is a matter of little consequence and that the bond of love should not be disrupted for the sake of something trifling (as they represent and rationalize this to be). Come now, there is assuredly no joking in this matter; eternal salvation and eternal damnation are involved. (What Luther Says, II:1019-1020)

Can anything more horrible be said than that the kingdom of the papists is the kingdom of those who spit at Christ, the Son of God, and crucify Him anew? For they do crucify Christ…in themselves, in the church…and in the hearts of the faithful…Therefore let everyone who is honestly given to piety flee out of this Babylon as quickly as possible…. For so great are its impurity and its abomination that no one can express them in words; they can be discerned only by eyes that are spiritual. (What Luther Says, II: 1020)

My dear pope, I will kiss your feet and acknowledge you as supreme bishop if you will worship my Christ and grant that through His death and resurrection, not through keeping your traditions, we have forgiveness of sins and life eternal. If you will yield on this point, I shall not take away your crown and power; if not, I shall constantly cry out that you are the Antichrist, and I shall testify that your whole cult and religion are only a denial of God, but also the height of blasphemy against God and idolatry. (What Luther Says, II: 1069)

Ah, my dear brother in Christ, bear with me if here or elsewhere I use such coarse language when speaking of the wretched, confronted, atrocious monster at Rome! He who knows my thoughts must say that I am much, much, much too lenient and have neither words nor thought adequately to describe the shameful, abominable blasphemy to which he subjects the Word and name of Christ, our dear Lord and Savior. There are some Christians, wicked Christians indeed, who now would gloss things over to make the pope appear against in a good light and who, after he does so and has been dragged out of the mud, would like to reinstate him on the altar. But they are wicked people, whoever they may be, who defend the pope and want me to be quiet about the means whereby he has done harm. Truly, I cannot do this. All true, pious Christians, who love Christ and His Word, should, as said, be sincerely hostile to the pope. They should persecute him and injure him…. All should do this in their several calling, to the best of their ability, with all faithfulness and diligence. (What Luther Says, II: 1072)

What kind of a church is the pope’s church? It is an uncertain, vacillating and tottering church. Indeed, it is a deceitful, lying church, doubting and unbelieving, without God’s Word. For the pope with his wrong keys teaches his church to doubt and to be uncertain. If it is a vacillating church, then it is not the church of faith, for the latter is founded upon a rock, and the gates of hell cannot prevail against it (Matt.16:18). If it is not the church of faith, then it is not the Christian church, but it must be an unchristian, anti-Christian, and faithless church which destroys and ruins the real, holy, Christian church. (Luther’s Works, vol. 40, Church and Ministry II, The Keys, p.348)

All this is to be noted carefully, so that we can treat with contempt the filthy, foolish twaddle that the popes present in their decrees about their Roman church, that is, about their devil’s synagogue (Rev.2:9), which separates itself from common Christendom and the spiritual edifice built up on this stone, and instead invents for itself a fleshly worldly, worthless, lying, blasphemous, idolatrous authority over all of Christendom. One of these two things must be true: if the Roman church is not built on this rock along with the other churches, then it is the devil’s church; but if it is built, along with all the other churches, on this roc, then it cannot be lord or head over the other churches. For Christ the cornerstone knows nothing of two unequal churches, but only of one church alone, just as the Children’s Faith, that is, the faith of all of Christendom, says, ”I believe in one holy, Christian church,” and does not say, ”I believe in one holy Roman church.” The Roman church is and should be one portion or member of the holy Christian church, not the head, which befits solely Christ the cornerstone. If not, it is not a Christian but an UN-Christian and anti-Christian church, that is, a papal school of scoundrels. (Luther’s Works, Volume 41, Church and Ministry III, Against The Roman Papacy, An Institution Of The Devil, p.311)

These arrogant and unlearned papists can’t govern the church because they write nothing, they read nothing, but, firmly saddled in the pride of possession, they cry out that the decrees of the fathers are not to be questioned and decisions made are not to be disputed, otherwise one would have to dance to the tune of every little brother.

For this reason the pope, possessed by demons, defends his tyranny with the canon ”Si papa.” This canon states clearly: if the pope should lead the whole world into the control of hell, he is nevertheless not to be contradicted. It’s a terrible thing that on account of the authority of this man we must lose our souls, which Christ redeemed with his precious blood. Christ says, ”I will not cast out anybody who comes to me” (John 6:37). On the other hand, the pope says, ”As I will it, so I command it; you must perish rather than resist me.” Therefore the pope, whom our princes adore, is full of devils. He must be exterminated by the Word and by prayer.(Luther’s Works, vol.54, Table Talk, No.441, p.330)

I believe the pope is the masked and incarnate devil because he is the Antichrist. As Christ is God incarnate, so the Antichrist is the devil incarnate. The words are really spoken of the pope when it’s said that he’s a mixed god, an earthly god, that is, a god of the earth. Here god is understood as god of this world. Why does he call himself an earthly god, as if the one, almighty God weren’t also on the earth? The kingdom of the pope really signifies the terrible wrath of God, namely, the abomination of desolation standing in the holy place. (Luther’s Works, vol.54, Table Talks, No.4487, p.346)

Inlagt av Leif Berg

Vad händer inom Hemmets vän och Kd:s?

Svenska kyrkopolitiker sjöng för påven

Publicerad: 2010-01-21 10:07 | Uppdaterad: 2010-01-21 16:06

En grupp kristdemokrater från Sverige sjöng för påven Benedikt XVI i går – och fick applåder av honom.

Det var 33 avgående, tillträdande och omvalda kyrkomötesledamöter inom Kristdemokrater i Svenska kyrkan (KR) som under en Romresa deltog i onsdagens audiens i Vatikanen.

– Vi presenterades av en präst som ”Christian Democrats in the Church of Sweden” och passade då på att sjunga ”Han är med oss alla dagar intill tidens ände” – dessutom i trestämmig kanon, berättar Lennart Sacrédeus från Rom.

Bland sångarna fanns ingen mindre än Margit Borgström, en gång i tiden rikskändis som dirigent och ledare för tv-serien ”Hela kyrkan sjunger”. Numera är hon KR-ledamot i kyrkomötet.

– Påven applåderade  – och vi tillbaka, berättar Lennart Sacrédeus, som tycker att det hela var en stor upplevelse.

Hasse Boström

Nyhetschef och reporter


Angående sången som sjöngs inför påven ”Han är med oss alla dagar intill tidens ände” kanske de också bad ”Påven vår som är i vaticanen, innocent är ditt namn, ske din vilja på jorden såsom i Vatikanstaten …”!

Den ekumeniska rörelsen infiltrerar snart alla sammanhang och KDS har nu givit sin hyllning till… påven!

Upp 18:4 Och jag hörde en annan röst från himmelen säga: ”Dragen ut ifrån henne, I mitt folk, så att I icke gören eder delaktiga i hennes synder och fån eder del av hennes plågor.

P.s. Kd:s omfattas av de ekumeniskt sinnade på Hemmets Vän som nu har blivit politiskt drivande inför valrörelsen, en sekulariserad tidning med ett förflutet varande inom frikyrkorörelsen! Nu på stark drift inom ekumenik och politiska intressen!

Förkunnare (titulerade pastorer) inom den karismatiska (kaos) rörelsen har gett sig hän åt politisk propaganda och inomvärldsliga makt begär!

KD:s står som det moraliska visiret nu i en tid av upplösning, sönderfall och undergång, och här ser vi prov på vart det bär hän!  Som sagt alla vägar bär mot Rom!

KD:s en politisk, religiös hydra!

Mat 18:6 Men den som förför en av dessa små som tro på mig, för honom vore det bättre att en kvarnsten hängdes om hans hals och han sänktes ned i havets djup

Mat 18:7 Ve världen för förförelsers skull! Förförelser måste ju komma; men ve den människa genom vilken förförelsen kommer!

Inlagt av Leif Berg

Benny Hinn till Livets ords Europakonferens 2010

Gå till denna länk FALSE PROPHET ALERT!

Benny Hinn`s hidden heresies:

Benny Hinn Catholic Mystic:

Benny Hinn – Catholic Mystic

by Joseph Chambers, Paw Creek Ministries, 2000

For reading the whole text go to the link above!

The mysticism of Benny Hinn can only be described as demonic. His ability to lash out at his enemies and to those that expose his deception one minute, and then to receive a revelation from God the next is confusing to say the least. He has confessed to his false doctrines and promised to clean up his theology time after time, but continues in the same vein. His followers treat these lapses in the same way the ancient Babylonians treated their cruel gods that had to be appeased by their constant sacrifices and adoration. His power over the crowds who attend his church, the large crusades, and who watch by television, is scary. It gives some idea of the control the Antichrist will have over the masses.

It appears that his mystical craziness blended with his god-like announcement has elevated him to a level of a mini-god. He cannot be described by any term more fitting than as a religious mystic.

He aptly blends his Jerusalem heritage, his Catholic background and mindset, and his Charismatic personality with his prosperity doctrines to present himself as an intriguing, successful showman. He is clearly captivating.

Captivating – charming, charm, magic, magnetism, hypnotize, enthrall, win over, talisman, amulet, trinket, ornament, keepsake, fascinating, enchanting, charismatic, entrancing, magnetic, alluring, tempting, enticing, enthralling, captivate,

It is clear that Benny Hinn is a Catholic Charismatic in the medieval mystic vein.

Our greatest concern should be to warn people of this End Time deception and teach the absolute necessity of careful faithfulness to the Holy Scripture.

The Hinn phenomenon could not exist in a Bible-centered atmosphere. He would be exposed immediately!

Helandeevangelisten Benny Hinn kommer att inleda årets Europakonferens på Livets ord. Händelsen väntas locka människor från både Skandinavien och övriga Europa. Benny Hinn kommer att tala vid tre möten, dels på lördagskvällen den 24 juli, dels på söndag förmiddag och kväll den 25 juli.

– Det betyder att vi startar Europakonferensen redan på lördagen, ett dygn tidigare än vi brukar, säger Magnus Dahlberg, pressansvarig vid Livets ord.

I Uppsalaförsamlingen är man mycket glad för möjligheten att ännu en gång få besök av den amerikanske förkunnaren.

– Han är en uppskattad talare och helandeevangelist och vi tror att det ska bli härliga möten när den helige Ande får röra vid många och då människor ska bli helade.

– Vi tror också att dessa samlingar kommer att dra mycket folk, inte bara från Sverige men även från Norden och från andra länder i Europa.

Mycket – en masse, mängder, se många – legio, oräkneliga, obegränsade, tallösa, oerhörda, kopiösa, skriande, himmelsskriande, exempellösa, oöverträffade, enastående, fabulösa, sagolika, fabelaktiga, hissnande, förbluffande, makalösa, fantastiska, makalösa, jättestora, ofantliga, väldiga, otroliga, outsägliga, obeskrivliga, enorma, kolossala, otaliga, oräkneliga.

Senast Benny Hinn besökte Livets ord var i samband med Europakonferensen 2003.

Världen idag

Världen – Kosmos, Universumet, Tillvaron, Sfären, Miljön, Verksamhetsområdet, verksamhetsfältet, fältet, området, branschen, affärsgrenen, yrkesgrenen, facket, genren, gebitet, specialområdet, ämnet, domänen, reviret, grenen, specialiteten, facket, sfären, klotet, kulan, globen, ringen, kretsen, cirkeln, skiktet, området, gebitet, reviret, jaktområdet, jaktmarken, fångstområdet, territoriet, territorium, territoriumet, trakten, domänen, regionen, zonen.

For more information about Benny Hinn go to

Låt Dig inte förföras av denna Charlatan!

Bedragare, skojare, bluffmakare, bondfångare, svindlare, lurendrejare!

Stanley Sjöberg beskriver Columbus som en karismatiker!?

Stanley Sjöberg på det skummande havet, eller på drift med Columbus irrfärder, strövtåg, odysséer, långresor, nöjesseglingar, beskrivs av honom på Hemmets vän under artikeln: Columbus en förebild.

Vad är sanningen?

Stanley Sjöberg tycks kunna förändra, omskapa, sammanblanda historien och Bibeln som det passar honom!

Stanley Sjöberg påstår: Christofer Columbus, en karismatisk kristen man med historisk betydelse är en förebild. Och blandar ihop det med att stödja det judiska folkets kamp för sina rättigheter.

Columbus hade munken Franciskus som förebild, försökt hissa seglen mot det okända, (mitt inlägg: Columbus drog till havs den 3 augusti 1492 med sitt flaggskepp, karacken Santa Maria.)

Varje tillfälle som han tog sådana initiativ hade han starka andliga upplevelser av profetisk karaktär. Men han såg något större. I det land han skulle upptäcka skulle rikedomar finnas som gjorde det möjligt att bygga upp Jerusalem och på nytt templet som hade förlorats. Inom Columbus fanns en gudomlig kallelse. Han upplevde att han var utvald för ett viktigt uppdrag. Han är ett exempel på hur Gud leder och förser!?

Slut citat Stanley S.

Han (Columbus) trodde då att han hade funnit en västlig rutt till Indien och befolkningen i Amerika kom därför att kallas indianer. Upptäckten markerar början av den europeiska koloniseringen av Amerika.

Columbus på irrfärd, jakten efter guld, och slavmarknad, den ockulta religionens förkämpe, läs om Voodo och dess bakgrund på wikipendia.

Till Västindien kom voodoo med slavskeppen och fick snabbt fäste bland den ofria befolkningen. Även där fortsatte religionens former att utvecklas och fick snart starka inslag av katolicism.

Till exempel börjar en vanlig haitisk voodooceremoni som en katolsk mässa och övergår alltmer till att anta formen av andedyrkan. Måhända är ursprunget till detta att de franska herrarna i kolonin St. Domingue, som Haiti hette fram till självständigheten 1804, försökte undertrycka voodoo och tvångskristna sina slavar.

För att undvika de straff som slavarna visste hotade om de avslöjades med att tjäna andarna försökte de kanske lura européerna genom att få ceremonin att se förvillande lik ut de riter som de ”borde” ägna sig åt! Läs mer på wikipendia!

Den tredje augusti 1492 startade Columbus expedition och den 12 oktober siktade de ön San Salvador som ligger bland Bahamsöarna, och den 28 oktober kom de till Cuba. Han återvände till Spanien året därpå för att presentera sina upptäckter för kungligheterna. Han hade med sig infödingar och guld och välkomnades som en hjälte. Spanien gick in en en gyllene tidsålder av utforskning, kartläggning, nya upptäckter och kolonisation. År 1494 skrev Ferdinand och Isabella under Tordesillasfördraget, där de gick med på att dela på världen utanför Europa med kung Johan II av Portugal.

Isabella I av Kastilien född 22 april 1451, död 26 november 1504, var drottning av Kastilien och León. Hon och hennes man Ferdinand II av Aragonien gav stabilitet åt båda kungadömena vilket bidrog till att lägga grunden för Spaniens enande. Detta innebar att ett politiskt enat Spanien kunde tas över av deras dotterson, Karl V av Heliga romerska riket av tysk nation.

Kastilien är hon mest känd som ”Isabel la Católica” (”Isabella den katolska” eller ”Elizabeth den katolska”) eftersom påven Alexander VI kallade Isabella och hennes man för de katolska monarkerna. Läs mer på wikipendia.

Columbus drog till havs den 3 augusti 1492 med sitt flaggskepp, karacken Santa Maria,

Den huvudsakliga målsättningen för Columbus resa hade varit att finna guld. För att främja detta införde Columbus ett system för invånarna i Cicao på Haiti där alla över fjorton års ålder måste hitta en viss kvot guld, vilket skulle visas med ett märke som hängdes runt halsen. De som inte uppfyllde sin kvot skulle få sina händer avhuggna. Trots att han tillgrep så extrema metoder lyckades Columbus inte få så mycket guld. En av de främsta orsakerna till detta var att befolkningen smittades av olika sjukdomar som bars av européerna.

Senare liv

Columbus hade alltid angivit omvändelse av icke-troende som en orsak till sina utforskningar, och han blev alltmer religiös under sina senare år. Han uppgav sig höra gudomliga röster, förespråkade ett nytt korståg för att erövra Jerusalem, bar ofta franciskansk munkkåpa, och beskrev sina utforskningar till ”paradiset” som en del av Guds plan som skulle leda till Yttersta domen och världens slut.

I sina brev till den spanska kungen och drottningen. Under sina senare år begärde Columbus att den spanska kronan skulle ge honom 10% av alla intäkter som gjordes i de nya länderna, i enlighet med tidigare överenskommelser.

Andra av de 1 600 hölls som slavar åt Columbus män i Amerika, och Columbus antecknade i sin dagbok att han utnyttjade slavar sexuellt. föreslog Columbus upprepade gånger slaveri som ett sätt att tjäna på de nya kolonierna.

Den 20 maj 1506 dog Columbus i Valladolid, ganska rik på grund av det guld hans män hade samlat ihop på Hispaniola. Han var fortfarande övertygad om att hans resor hade varit längs Asiens östkust.

Han nådde Palos den 15 mars och blev därifrån firad på ett triumftåg genom Spanien. Hans privilegier bekräftades, och påven Alexander VI bekräftade Spaniens rätt till de upptäckta och förväntade framtida upptäckta områdena väster om längdgrader från 100 spanska mil väster om Kap Verde. I synnerhet ville han söka vidare efter det förväntade guldlandet, expeditionens egentliga mål.

RK, Romersk katolska kyrkan och voodoo

Läs boken nedan för mer information

Voodoo in Haiti: Catholicism, Protestantism & a Model of Effective Ministry … Av Andre J. Louis

I Haiti är Katolicism och Voodooism länkade ihop i en djup synkretism. Sid 173.

Synkretism, religionsblandning, sammanblandning, sammansmältning, sammanjämkning,

Släktskap, affinitet, av voodoo för katolicismen syns också i de katolska böner som används i Voodoo riter.

Som sagt på upptäcktsfärd, strövtåg, irrfärder, med Stanley Sjöberg kan man tro vad som helst, man föranleds, uppmanas, lockas, manas, sätta ut mot ett mål men hamnar i ett annat dike, grav, graverande, brett dike, håla. Rent nonsens och uppdiktad historia av S.S. Om Columbus var en Karismatiker? Katolsk karismatiker! Utsänd av påven!

Inlagt av Leif Berg